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Facility Siting in the Asia-Pacific

Perspectives on Knowledge Production and Application

Edited by Tung Fung, S. Hayden Lesbirel, and Kin-che Lam

Publication Year: 2011

This volume explores the management of conflicts arising from the siting of unwanted projects in the Asia-Pacific, a region inadequately explored by the relevant literature. The work includes studies on a variety of locations, including Hong Kong, Japan, Mainland China, Taiwan, Vietnam, Singapore, and others. Contributions are drawn from several leading scholars intimately familiar with the locations under study, and employ theoretical, comparative, and policy-based approaches to analysis of environmental conflict, risk management, and public participation. The editors also provide introductory and concluding sections in which the siting issues under discussion are summarized and contextualized. The result is a collection that serves as an invaluable aid and source of information for policymakers, environmentalists, and scholars of the Asia-Pacific and elsewhere.

Published by: Chinese University Press

Half Title

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pp. 1-2

Title Page

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p. 3-3


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p. 4-4


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p. 5-5

List of Contributors

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pp. vi-6


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pp. vii-viii

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1. Introduction

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pp. 1-5

All societies require a full array of facilities to provide services and support for societal development. While some of these facilities may be greeted warmly by local communities, others are less welcome and are increasingly being rejected by those communities. This phenomenon is often referred to as Locally...

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2. Facility Siting: The Theory-Practice Nexus

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pp. 7-31

The siting and development of a range of projects, such as waste repositories, prisons, energy facilities, airports, and industrial projects have and continue to be a lightning rod for social and political conflict in all nations. States and firms may need to develop such projects to provide a range of social...

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3. Procedures for Dealing with Transboundary Risks in Siting Noxious Facilities

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pp. 33-55

This chapter focuses on ways to better manage the risks associated with facilities that pose health and environmental consequences that can affect a wider population than the area in which the facility is located. In other words, these proposed facilities pose transboundary risks due to the negative externalities...

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4. LULUs, NIMBYs, and Environmental Justice

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pp. 57-83

The background information for the International Conference on Siting of Locally Unwanted Facilities highlights that “siting locally unwanted land uses (LULUs) is a major policy problem throughout the industrialized world” and that the focus is “to examine the underlying causes for facility siting impasse...

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5. Are Casinos NIMBYs?

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pp. 85-113

The controversy of a casino stems from the differences in perspectives: One camp, pragmatic and rational, adopts a cost-and-benefit approach to the issue; another, moralistic and religious, opposes the project on moral grounds as they regard gambling as belonging to the category of vices (alcohol, tobacco...

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6. Power to the People!: Civil Society and Divisive Facilities

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pp. 115-140

Holding up posters stating “Ban Bioweapons in Boston,” residents in Boston’s seventh district in the South End have been protesting the National Emerging Infectious Diseases Laboratory being built in their neighbourhood. With three-quarters of its funding from the United States federal government, the...

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7. Site Selection of LULU Facilities: The Experience of Taiwan

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pp. 141-168

LULU (Locally Unwanted Land Uses) syndrome has become one of society’s controversial issues. No matter where it occurs—in a developed country or in an underdeveloped one—proposed construction of new facilities is often met with forceful public opposition. Related examples are landfills or solid waste...

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8. Challenges of Managing NIMBYism in Hong Kong

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pp. 169-182

The siting of Locally Unwanted Land Uses (LULUs) is one of the critical issues confounding Hong Kong’s long-term development. To cater to the territory’s growing population and increasing affluence, Hong Kong has seen a demand for more power generation and waste-disposal facilities, as well as correctional...

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9. Community-Driven Regulation, Social Cohesion, and Landfill Opposition in Vietnam

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pp. 183-213

The success of economic development in Vietnam since the adoption of doi moi in 1986 has not been without cost, notably the increasing environmental degradation of the country’s air, land, and water resources (MONRE, 2006). In recognition of this problem, the Vietnamese government has passed a number...

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10. Reassessing the Voluntary Facility-Siting Process for a Hazardous Waste Facility in Alberta, Canada 15 Years Later

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pp. 215-229

There is a deepening worldwide waste-disposal crisis in the sense that several places continue to struggle to find new places to dispose of wastes that cannot be recycled or reused. Though new approaches to thinking about “waste” are taking hold (e.g., cradle-to-grave product design and responsibility), in the...

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11. Structural Model of Risk Perception on Landfill Site for Municipal Solid Waste

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pp. 231-242

In Japan, municipal solid waste generates more than 50 million tons per year, 80 percent of which is incinerated, and 7.3 million tons of ash and noncombustible wastes which is disposed of in landfill sites with leachate control. A landfill site is an essential disposal facility for waste management; however,...

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12. Compensation in Siting Hazardous Facilities: A Radioactive Waste Repository in Taiwan

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pp. 243-255

This paper examines a case where the state-owned Taiwan Power Company (Taipower) attempted to locate a low-level radioactive waste (LLRW) repository in Wu-chiu, a remote island off the coast of Mainland China and under the control of the Taiwan government. The case of Wu-chiu is unique in two...

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13. NIMBY: Environmental Civic Society and Social Fairness in China

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pp. 257-272

NIMBY has received considerable attention in recent years. The term NIMBY (Not in My BackYard) refers to the exercise of environmental rights by residents in resisting the establishment of public facilities and services, which may damage the local environment in their neighborhoods (Mazmanian & Morell...

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14. Conclusion

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pp. 273-282

This volume has explored the siting of unwanted facilities in the Asia-Pacific region. It has done this by analysing several cases in the context of a theory of knowledge production and utilisation and the relationship between the two. It suggests that siting has become a national policy issue in the region, despite...

E-ISBN-13: 9789629969257
Print-ISBN-13: 9789629964061

Page Count: 499
Illustrations: N
Publication Year: 2011