Chinese and Western Perspectives on Morality
Publication Year: 2013
Published by: Chinese University Press
Title Page, Copyright Page
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I would like to thank the sponsors at the Killam Trusts for funding a fellowship that enabled me to commit an entire semester to the writing of this book. A supportive work environment cultivated by my colleagues in Religious Studies and Philosophy remains invaluable to me. ...
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Many thinkers across divergent philosophical and religious traditions bemoan a seemingly precipitous decline in moral standards. Often, the corrupt and ethically moribund world that they inhabit is compared un-favorably to a golden age, when ethics enjoyed its rightful place at the apex of human existence and human beings were able to live in harmo-...
PART I. THE ESTEEM OF ETHICS
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1. Taking a Stand: The Moral Philosophy of Confucius and Kant
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Kant and Confucius share a commitment to morality, which they see not only as the ultimate duty of human beings, but also as the highest expression of our humanity. Both thinkers take upon themselves the challenge of instructing human beings on how to take a moral stand in the midst of moral decline. Morality is not necessarily the outgrowth of ...
2. Organic Virtue: Reading Mencius with Rousseau
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For both Kant and Confucius, moral development bequeaths upon hu-man beings a unique place within the cosmos. In the case of Confu-cius, human beings must attune themselves to the patterns of tian in a distinctly human way, relying heavily upon li, while for Kant, nature must often be struggled against in making moral decisions. Mencius and ...
PART I. VICES OF VIRTUE
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3. Strangers to Ethics: Kierkegaard and Daoist Approaches
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In the fi rst part of this book, I dealt with thinkers for whom the moral vision was paramount, and for whom knowing one’s place within the so-cial order becomes a central component of living a life of virtue. While this does not imply that an ethical life is one which remains stagnant, it does link moral virtue to a process of familiarization. Confucius empha-...
4. Beyond Good and Evil: Flexible Ethics in Nietzsche and Daoist Thought
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Kierkegaard’s philosophy sheds light on the limits of ethical systems, which manifest a disturbing discomfort with the stranger and therefore fail to appreciate the diversity of the world. For Kierkegaard, our ex-istence is marked by an intractable and yet rejuvenating paradox. The infi nite is both completely other to human beings and deeply embedded ...
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Morality is integrally connected with the notion of what it means to be a human being. However, this does not imply that the moral path is an easy one. On the contrary, thinkers such as Kant, Confucius, Mencius, and Rousseau assert that it requires unceasing eff ort and dedication, suggesting that human beings are not part of the world in the same ...
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Page Count: 250
Publication Year: 2013