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New Multicultural Identities in Europe

Religion and Ethnicity in Secular Societies

Erkan Toğuşlu; Johan Leman; İsmail Mesut Sezgin (eds)

Publication Year: 2014

How to understand Europe’s post-migrant Islam on the one hand and indigenous, anti-Islamic movements on the other? What impact will religion have on the European secular world and its regulation? How do social and economic transitions on a transnational scale challenge ethnic and religious identifications? These questions are at the very heart of the debate on multiculturalism in present-day Europe and are addressed by the authors in this book. Through the lens of post-migrant societies, manifestations of identity appear in pluralized, fragmented, and deterritorialized forms. This new European multiculturalism calls into question the nature of boundaries between various ethnic-religious groups, as well as the demarcation lines within ethnic-religious communities. Although the contributions in this volume focus on Islam, ample attention is also paid to Christianity, Judaism, and Hinduism. The authors present empirical data from cases in Turkey, Germany, France, Spain, the United Kingdom, Poland, Norway, Sweden, and Belgium, and sharpen the perspectives on the religious-ethnic manifestations of identity in the transnational context of 21st-century Europe.

Published by: Leuven University Press

Title Page, Editorial Board, Copyright

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Table of Contents

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pp. 5-6


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Chapter 1: The Manifestation of Identities in a Plural Post-Secular Europe

Johan Leman, Erkan Toğuşlu and İsmail Mesut Sezgin

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pp. 9-32

In 1969 the Norwegian anthropologist Fredrik Barth published his Ethnic Groups and Boundaries. In his words, it is not cultural stuff that creates social borders, but flexible social borders which create culture. He was not the only one, though, to ask for attention to be drawn to the constructive chemistry...

Part I: Post-Migrant Interactions/Identifications

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Chapter 2: New and Old Identity Patterns of Religious Young Muslims in Germany

Cüneyd Dinç

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pp. 35-54

The purpose of this chapter is to develop a descriptive typology of various identity patterns of young devout post-migrant Muslims in Germany by reviewing the literature about Islam in Germany and evaluating the self-description of various religious groups. It is assumed that, first, the emotional relationship between...

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Chapter 3: Connecting Home and School: on the Second Generation Muslim Children’s Agency in Belgian Schools

Goedroen Juchtmans

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pp. 55-72

This chapter focuses on how second generation Muslim children of Turkish descent in Belgium (Flanders) move between their home and school culture and how they deal with competing expectations from both worlds. The chapter is based on qualitative empirical case-study work on three groups of ten-year-old children...

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Chapter 4: Immigrant Identity, Social Adaptation and Post-Secular Society in Europe

Marcel Mečiar

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pp. 73-94

This chapter deals with several interconnected topics – the social identity of immigrants, the process of adaptation and changes in identity construction. First, the author briefly introduces some shifts in theorizing identity (with the focus on immigrant identity) that were caused by the narrative turn in social sciences, and presents a discussion on acculturation and the adaptation process...

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Chapter 5: Manufacturing Self-Respect: Stigma, Pride and Cultural Juggling among Dalit Youth in Spain

Kathryn Lum

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pp. 95-118

This chapter, which at first view may be seen as an outlier in this volume, has as its function to broaden our focus on the study of ethnic minority diaspora youth by considering the identity management strategies of a non-Muslim community, the Dalit Indian youth living in Spain. Dalit youth face a dual challenge: how ...

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Chapter 6: A Case of Euro-Muslimness in Poland? The Polish Tartars case

Katarzyna Warmińska

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pp. 119-136

The chapter focuses on Polish Tartars, the progeny of the Golden Horde – a small ethno-religious community which has thoroughly written itself into the Polish ethno-cultural landscape. The example of their history and contemporary life shows both the identity strategies undertaken by the groups which have a postmigration...

Part II: Non-Migrant, Anti-Islam Interactions/Identifications

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Chapter 7: ‘Anti-Islamization of Europe’ Activism or the Phenomenon of an Allegedly ‘Non-racist’ Islamophobia: A Case Study of a Problematic Advocacy Coalition

Vincent Legrand

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pp. 139-160

In the first chapter in this second Part, this time dedicated to the non-migrant and anti-Islam interactions/identifications, we present research that is based on the observation of a series of actors in Western Europe grappling – directly or indirectly – with a growing cultural and religious diversity, with Islam as a new...

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Chapter 8: Discourses on Religion and Identity in Norway: Right-Wing Radicalism and Anti-Immigration Parties

Frédérique Harry

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pp. 161-170

For the last twenty years, Europe has witnessed the birth of new extreme right-wing movements fighting for a stronger national identity, supporting islamophobic theses and sharing a strong dislike of immigration figures and policies. Little by little, anti-immigration parties have become leading forces in many countries and are now duly represented in numerous Parliaments...

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Chapter 9: Competing Forms of Identity and the Concept of Sovereignty in Europe

Murat Sevencan

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pp. 171-194

Though a person may carry more than one group identity within the layers of self-perception, the effect of it upon his/her choices and decisions depends mostly on the salience of belongingness for that person. Moreover this salience is continuously and indefinitely challenged by other possible and present group...

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Chapter 10: Democratic Theory and the Autonomy of Non-Christian Religious Courts in the UK

Ephraim Nimni

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pp. 195-212

This chapter discusses the dilemmas of the relationship between religions of non-Christian minorities and the state in Western liberal democracies. It also explores the potential way out of these dilemmas offered by the limited autonomy granted in the UK to the Jewish orthodox Beth Din and, by implication, the autonomy of Islamic Shariah Courts, as sanctioned in the UK Parliament’s (Divorce) Religious...

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Chapter 11: Islamophobia and the Crises of Europe’s Multiculturalism

Chris Allen

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pp. 213-228

The manifesto of Anders Behring Breivik made clear who he saw as the ‘enemies’ of contemporary Europe: Islam and multiculturalism. Such views are not the preserve of Breivik and the far-right however; similar views are routinely expressed across Europe’s political landscape. Whilst Germany’s Angela Merkel, Britain’s David Cameron and France’s Nicolas Sarkozy explicitly declared that...


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Chapter 12: Ethnic-Religious Intersections and New Multiculturalism

Johan Leman, Erkan Toğuşlu and İsmail Mesut Sezgin

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pp. 231-242

What we have learned from the chapters in this book is that in Europe today we have started living in an epoch in which the post-immigrant’s ‘new’ ethnicity expresses itself very oft en in religious emblems, and the indigenous ethnicity looks for an expression through regional nationalisms and ethnicized and culturally essentialized secular religion. In such situations, indigenous ethnicity...

About the Authors

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pp. 243-246

E-ISBN-13: 9789461661302
Print-ISBN-13: 9789058679819

Page Count: 246
Publication Year: 2014