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Henricus de Gandavo Quodlibet IV

G. Wilson ; G.J. Etzkorn (eds)

Publication Year: 2011

Henry of Ghent, the most influential philosopher/theologian of the last quarter of the 13th century at Paris, delivered his fourth Quodlibet during 1279. This Quodlibet was written at the beginning of what could be called the height of his career. In total there are 37 questions, which cover a wide range of topics, including theories in theology, metaphysics, epistemology, philosophical anthropology, ethics, and canon law. In these questions Henry presents his mature thought concerning the number of human substantial forms in which he counters the claims of the defenders of Thomas Aquinas, particularly those in Giles of Lessines’s De unitate formae, but also those found in Giles of Rome’s Contra Gradus. He is critical of Thomas Aquinas’s theories concerning human knowledge, the ‘more’ and the ‘less,’ and virtue. He also is critical of Bonaventure’s analysis of Augustine’s notion of rationes seminales. There are 33 known manuscripts which contain the text of Quodlibet IV, and the critical text is reconstructed based upon manuscripts known to have been in Henry’s school, as well as manuscripts copied from two successive university exemplars in Paris.

Published by: Leuven University Press

Title Page, Copyright

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pp. i-iv

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FOREWORD

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pp. v-vi

...Appreciation must also be expressed to the numerous librarians who helped us gain access to the volumes needed to make this work possible. A word of special thanks needs to be extended to Dr. Stefan Hagel, of the Austrian Academy of Sciences, the developer of the computer program, Classical Text Editor, which was used for establishing...

CRITICAL STUDY

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The Editions and Manuscripts

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pp. ix-xx

...Subsequently in the early seventeenth century Zuccolius printed two successive editions. Each of the two editions by Zuccolius contains studies after each question. The first of Zuccolius’s editions was based on the text of Badius and was printed in 1608...

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QUODLIBET IV: AUTHORSHIP AND DATE

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pp. xxi-xxv

...quaestiones de quolibet magistri Henrici de Gandavo, archidiaconi tornacensis, quarto disputatae in scholis suis, et sunt 37 in universo”. And this attribution to Henry is also included in many other extant manuscripts. There are references in this...

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THE TEXT EXAMINED EXTERIORLY

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pp. xxvi-xxix

...The common readings contained in these manuscript copies with pecia transitions in the same place should be the text of the model, and this text can be reconstructed on the basis of the common readings, even though both models are no longer extant...

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THE TEXT EXAMINED INTERIORLY

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pp. xxx-xxxix

...Following the well-established custom of volumes previously edited in this series, a general test collation was made of all the manuscripts. Each of the known manuscripts was collated for representative sections of the critical text. For this edition, because the exact...

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An Earlier Redaction of QQ. 7 & 8

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pp. xl-xlvi

...They would have been written while Godfrey was still a student in Paris, and reflect what would have been Godfrey’s interests during this early stage of his career. As a matter of fact, both questions deal primarily and directly with epistemological issues. A second thing to be noted is that these questions probably reflect a version...

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Manuscript 25 (Paris, BnF, lat . 15848)and the University Exemplars

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pp. xlvii-lviii

...Both manuscripts contain corrections which point to a written model, probably in the possession of Henry himself, and in the previously edited volumes in this series, the scribes of these two manuscripts seem to have had access to this text of Henry. The corrections contained in these two manuscripts, whether they were made by Godfrey...

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The First Parisian Exemplar

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pp. lix-lx

...indirectly through an intermediate model generally contain not only the unique faults made by their individual respective scribes, but also additional faults made by the scribes whose manuscripts became the intermediate models. The text of the first Parisian university exemplar...

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The Second Parisian University Exemplar

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pp. lxi-lxiii

...The manuscript which was the actual second Parisian university exemplar has been lost, but the readings of this model can be reconstructed from the common readings of the manuscripts known to have been copied directly from it. The common readings of these manuscripts are usually further deteriorations...

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THE RECONSTRUCTION OF THE CRITICAL TEXT

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p. lxiv-lxiv

...revealed that these four manuscripts contained fewer unique accidents than other manuscripts copied directly or indirectly from the same model. The common readings of these four manuscripts are the probable readings of the first Parisian university exemplar...

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THE REFERENCES AND SOURCES IN QUODLIBET IV

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pp. lxv-lxxi

...passage as found in the modern critical editions is provided in the apparatus of citations as a help to the reader. There are instances, though, when the modern critical editions of some of Henry’s sources, e.g. Augustine, were established from manuscripts that are prior to the thirteenth century. In these cases it is entirely possible that Henry may be citing a...

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The Edition of Badius

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p. lxxii-lxxii

...For example, there are passages in which Henry cites Augustine, and while Henry had access to only thirteenth-century manuscripts, Badius had additional manuscripts and editions which allowed him to print a text which is at times closer...

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THE GENESIS OF THE EXEMPLARS, REPRESENTEDBY A DIAGRAM

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pp. lxxiii-lxxiv

...the collation of certain manuscripts in their entirety. Providing this diagram, as helpful as it may be as a visual aid, may oversimplify the complexity of the living nature of these manuscripts which have histories. Some of these histories entail corrections over time, and...

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TECHNIQUE OF THE EDITION

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p. lxxv-lxxv

...The techniques used in this edition follow the techniques outlined in the Critical Studies which precede the Latin texts in the volumes already published in this series. For example, this volume continues the practice of providing the titles of each question by taking the formulation of each question not from any list of questions, but from the texts of Henry...

SYMBOLS

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p. lxxvi-lxxvi

ABBREVIATIONS

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pp. lxxvii-lxxviii

SIGLA OF THE MANUSCRIPTS

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pp. lxxix-lxxx

QUODLIBET IV

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QUAESTIO 1

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pp. 3-5

...De primo ergo erat quaestio, utrum relatio prius sit in divina essentia quam in persona. Quod in essentia arguitur, quia videmus quod in creaturis relatio prius est in eo in quo fundatur...

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QUAESTIO 2

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pp. 5-7

...veniat Spiritui Sancto sicut et Filio; alia vero in comparatione ad eius genitricem secundum humanam naturam, utrum scilicet in Christo sint duae reales filiationes, una ad patrem, alia ad matrem...

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QUAESTIO 3

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pp. 7-10

...Ergo similiter Christo praeter filiationem ex generatione aeterna a Patre acquisita est nova et alia filiatio per generationem temporalem ex matre. Contra, filiatio est suppositi, et unius suppositi tantum unica est...

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QUAESTIO 4

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pp. 11-18

...circa diversa genera creaturarum specialiter. Circa primum erant duo quaesita: unum pertinens ad creaturae essentiam, alia vero duo pertinentia ad quoddam creaturis omnibus accidentale, scilicet...

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QUAESTIO 5

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pp. 19-23

...erant duo. Primum de principio materiali eius, quod est unitas, utrum videlicet unum principium numeri quantitatis discretae sit alterius naturae quam unitas rerum substantialis. Secundum vero erat de eius principio formali, scilicet utrum forma numeri denarii sit aliquid extra...

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QUAESTIO 6

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pp. 24-27

...Circa secundum arguitur quod forma denarii non sit extra intellectum, quia unitates eius sunt omnino disgregatae et in nullo unitae in re ipsa. Si ergo sunt sub forma denarii unitae, illa non potest esse nisi in...

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QUAESTIO 7

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pp. 28-53

...Circa primum istorum quaerebantur primo quaedam pertinentia ad intellectum intellectualis creaturae, secundo quaerebantur quaedam alia pertinentia ad eius voluntatem. Et circa primum istorum quaerebatur unum de intelligendo se ipsas...

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QUAESTIO 8

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pp. 53-70

...intelligendo Deum. Quarum prima pertinet ad statum gloriae, utrum beatus videns seu intelligens Deum nude per essentiam suam formet in se verbum de Deo. Secunda vero pertinet ad statum naturae, utrum...

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QUAESTIO 9

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pp. 71-74

...creato possit videri nuda divina essentia, quoniam quidquid est in Deo, Deus est.; ergo idea creaturae in Deo est divina essentia. Creatura autem est similis suae ideae; et simile | habet cognosci per simile. Cum ergo...

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QUAESTIO 10

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pp. 75-87

...utrum caritas re differat a gratia. Alia pertinet ad eius actum, utrum Deus a creatura intellectuali dilectione pura naturali possit diligi super omnia alia. Circa primum arguitur quod non, quia tunc potest...

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QUAESTIO 11

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pp. 88-100

...sunt gradus dilectionis sive amoris; tertio quae sit differentia dilectionis naturalis et liberalis sive voluntariae; et ex hoc quarto quomodo sunt duae species dilectionis; quinto oportet videre modos diligendi; et tunc demum per singulos discurrere ut videamus quo vel quibus eorum Deus...

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QUAESTIO 12

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pp. 101-108

...defectum a suo esse vel modo essendi in natura sua, ut alium quam modo habent aliquando recipiant, non expectant nisi secundum meram dispositionem voluntatis Dei. Propter quod | philosophi ex eis quae iam...

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QUAESTIO 13

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pp. 108-184

...erant tria. Unum erat de eius unitate, utrum in quidditate rerum sensibilium materialium cadunt plures formae substantiales re differentes. Secundum de eius inchoatione, utrum in materia sit ratio seminalis, quae est formae inchoatio. Tertium de eius completione, utrum forma substantialis...

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QUAESTIO 14

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pp. 185-242

...seminales in materia respectu formae generandae ex ea, quoniam aliter generatio formae esset creatio, quia etsi dicatur generari ex materia, ipsa tamen materia nihil est formae, et sic forma generaretur ex eo quod nihil est secundum esse formae, et sic ex nihilo...

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QUAESTIO 15

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pp. 242-292

...Non enim dicitur albedo aut nigredo magis aut minus albedo vel nigredo, sed solum recipit magis aut minus secundum esse suum in subiecto, immo subiectum secundum ipsam dicitur album magis vel minus. Hoc modo potest substantia recipere magis et minus, secundum quod dicit...

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QUAESTIO 16

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pp. 292-304

...Circa primum arguitur primo quod in angelis sit materia et quod est compositus ex materia et forma, quia est in praedicamento substantiae, et substantia quae est praedicamentum secundum...

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QUAESTIO 17

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pp. 304-310

...motrices orbium in movendo non moveri localiter nec per se nec per accidens. Alio modo dictum est in dicta quaestione quod dicitur aliquid esse in loco extendendo rationem loci ad situm, ut dicatur esse in loco quod situm aliquem sibi determinat in loco in quo est nunc vel tunc, ita...

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QUAESTIO 18

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pp. 310-314

...omnia esse communia in civitate; alia vero plurima pertinebant generaliter ad hominum universitatem. Circa primum arguitur quod Paulus ante suam conversionem non potuit occidi, quia fuit praedestinatus ad conversionem...

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QUAESTIO 19

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pp. 314-322

...praedestinatio in eundem effectum salutis P 97rb | concurrunt. Sed perseverantia habet causam in perseverante, quia ipsa meretur sicut et secunda gratia. Ergo etc. Contra: Quidquid in praedestinato est, est temporale...

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QUAESTIO 20

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pp. 322-335

...Dicendum quod secundum doctrinam APOSTOLI et PHILOSOPHI in Io Politicae homines diversi et singulares se debent habere in civili communitate sicut partes integrales in toto. Sicut enim natura partium est esse in toto, et in ipso habere bene esse ex communione...

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QUAESTIO 21

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pp. 335-349

...natura sua intelligere et universalia rerum sensibilium, ut obiecta abstracta ab imaginativa existente in actu virtute intellectus agentis proponentis ea, sicut in cognoscente in intellectu possibili, et similiter...

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QUAESTIO 22

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pp. 349-374

...secundo aliud in comparatione eorum inter se; tertio quaedam alia in comparatione ad status diversos. Primum erat utrum morales virtutes sint in voluntate; secundum si iidem habitus sint virtutes, dona, beati- tudines...

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QUAESTIO 23

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pp. 374-385

...specie, quia donum potest in id in quod non potest virtus, et beatitudo in id in quod non potest donum secundum rationem doni, et fructus in id in quod non potest beatitudo sub ratione beatitudinis, quia non semper beatus beatitudine viae percipit fructus...

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QUAESTIO 24

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pp. 386-390

...lectualia secundum intellectum. Et inde transumitur ‘vivere’ communiter ad illa quaecumque habent efficaciam in aliquod vigore eliciendi propriam operationem, quemadmodum dicitur «ignis vivit cum acriter urit». Et ulterius transumitur ad illa quae ad finem aliquem ordinantur, et sunt...

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QUAESTIO 25

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pp. 390-393

...bene ageret et augmentum caritatis mereretur, quod a Deo iustitia exigente non ei denegaretur. Sed minimum per augmentum multotiens factum necesse est quandoque adaequari maximo finito, et constat quod caritas contemplatoris creata est finita. Ergo etc...

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QUAESTIO 26

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pp. 394-396

...per eleemosynam, utrum liceat mendicantibus petere ultra necessitatem. Secundum de acquirendis per servitium, utrum pro servitio in filio suo instruendo liceat sumere pecuniam quam serviens novit acquisitam per...

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QUAESTIO 27

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pp. 396-398

...Dicendum quod usurarius aut nihil habet omnino in bonis nisi acquisitum sit per usurariam pravitatem, aut habet taliter acquisita et quaedam alia iuste acquisita. Si secundo modo, tunc licet sumere pecuniam quam novit acquisitam per usuram. Cuius ratio accipitur ex parte...

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QUAESTIO 28

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pp. 398-401

...Dicendum ad hoc quod in veteri lege erant quaedam praecepta pure moralia, ut illa de dilectione proximi quae erant in secunda tabula, et duo de dilectione | Dei in prima tabula: quaedam vero pure...

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QUAESTIO 29

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pp. 401-407

...exteriorem non est tempus opportunum nisi cum est expediens, debitis circumstantiis interius et exterius consideratis. Aliquando enim expedit quod quis ignoretur esse pater alicuius, propter quod pro tempore illo...

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QUAESTIO 30

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pp. 407-410

...apti et idonei divino ministerio in Ecclesia Dei, ita quod huiusmodi condicionem debet respicere dans in recipiente ne sit personarum acceptor | in dando, et recipiens in se ipso ne sit mercenarius in...

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QUAESTIO 31

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pp. 411-413

...circa naturas quae fundantur super potentiam divinam, attendendum est quid possibile est esse vel fore vel fuisse in creatura; super omne enim quod tale est, potest Deus. Et tale est omne quod contradictoria non...

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QUAESTIO 32

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pp. 413-419

...aliud vero ad fugam. Primum erat utrum, in aequali facilitate exsequendi utrumque, homo semper tenetur ad melius faciendum. Secundum utrum doctoribus contrariantibus circa aliquod agibilium et agere secundum unam opinionem est sine omni periculo peccati, agere...

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QUAESTIO 33

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pp. 420-422

...quod nunc super proposita quaestione determinant, qualia consilia dare super casum propositae quaestionis ipsi vel coniuncti eis dare consue- verunt. Facilius enim homines sententiant secundum talia...

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QUAESTIO 34

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pp. 423-424

...pertinens ad effectum corporalem specierum in sacramento altaris vel Eucharistiae, utrum scilicet species sacramenti Eucharistiae nutriant; et quartum pertinens ad spiritualem effectum communiter omnium sacramentorum, utrum in sacramentis Novae Legis sit virtus creativa...

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QUAESTIO 35

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pp. 425-426

...Circa secundum arguitur quod religiosus institutus in cura plus debet oboedire episcopo in remanendo in cura quam abbati in recedendo ab ipsa, quoniam semper potestati superiori plus oboediendum est. Potestas episcopi superior est. Ergo etc...

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QUAESTIO 36

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pp. 426-433

...scilicet si nutrire non possent, experientia sensibilis doceret quod substantia quae ibi prius erat, translata esset. Quod solummodo ex fide tenendum est. Non solum ergo credere, sed simpliciter debemus ponere...

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QUAESTIO 37

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pp. 433-440

...in animam separatam vel in angelum supernaturaliter ad causandum dolorem; quare, ut videtur, potest sacramentum corporaliter agere supernaturaliter in animam ad causandum gratiam...

TABLES

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pp. 441-442

I. WORKS CITED BY HENRY

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pp. 443-458

II. ONOMASTIC TABLE

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pp. 459-461

III. Manuscripts cited

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p. 462-462

IV. QUOTED PUBLICATIONS

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pp. 463-468

V. Table of contents

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pp. 469-472

DE WULF-MANSION CENTREANCIENT AND MEDIEVAL PHILOSOPHY

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pp. 473-478


E-ISBN-13: 9789461660893
Print-ISBN-13: 9789058677709

Page Count: 450
Publication Year: 2011