Geo- and Bio-Archaeology at Sagalassos and in its Territory
Publication Year: 2008
Published by: Leuven University Press
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GEO- AND BIO-ARCHAEOLOGY AT SAGALASSOS AND IN ITSTERRITORY
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The papers presented in this volume offer an insight in the basic geo-archaeological, archaeometrical and bio-archaeological research performed since the publication of volume V (Waelkens and Loots, 2000) within the framework of the excavations and surveys in and around the ancient city of Sagalassos (SW Turkey) and its 1.200 km2 large territory carried out between 1996 and 2006. Sagalassos has been the focus of interdisciplinary, archaeological research coordinated by Marc Waelkens of the...
PART ITHE GEOLOGICAL SETTING
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THE GEOLOGY OF THE AREA AROUND THE ANCIENTCITY OF SAGALASSOS
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...complex region (Figure 1). South of Cyprus and the Aegean Sea, active subduction1 takes place of the African oceanic lithosphere2 underneath the Eurasian continental lithosphere. These arcuate subduction zones form the current plate boundary between the African and Eurasian plates. The Aegean Sea area is characterized by a thinned continental lithosphere caused by the gravitational...
PETROGRAPHY, MINERALOGY AND GEOCHEMISTRY OFTHE ROCKS IN THE AREA OF THE ARCHAEOLOGICALSITE OF SAGALASSOS
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Knowledge of the geology is essential to evaluate the potential occurrence of raw materials that could be exploited by man in Antiquity in a given area. It also forms the base for geomorphological and soil-engineering studies. The mineralogical and geochemical characterization of the immediate subsurface constitutes the background for environmental investigations...
TESTING DIAGNOSTIC GEOMORPHOLOGICAL CRITERIA OFACTIVE NORMAL FAULTS IN THE BURDUR-ISPARTA REGION(SW TURKEY)
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The Lake Region in Southwest Turkey, centred on the cities of Burdur and Isparta, is situated in the fi rst-degree seismic hazard zone (Global Seismic Hazard Assessment Program – www.seismo.ethz.ch/GSHAP/), inferring a relatively high risk for major earthquakes. The wider Burdur-Isparta region has indeed been struck by a number of large damaging earthquakes in the last century. Based on archaeological evidence...
IDENTIFYING ACTIVE NORMAL FAULTS IN THEBURDUR-ISPARTA REGION (SW TURKEY): REMOTE SENSING,SURFACE GEOLOGY AND NEAR-SURFACE GEOPHYSICS
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The Lake Region in SW Turkey, centred on the cities of Burdur and Isparta, is situated in the fi rst-degree seismic hazard zone (Global Seismic Hazard Assessment Program – www.seismo.ethz.ch/GSHAP/), inferring a relatively high risk for major earthquakes. The wider Burdur-Isparta region has indeed been struck by a number of large damaging earthquakes in the last century. Based on archaeological evidence (Waelkens et al., 2000) at the archaeological site of Sagalassos, situated some 10 km SSW...
AN INTEGRATED NEOTECTONIC STUDY OF THE ÇANAKLIBASIN (SW TURKEY): REMOTE SENSING, SURFACE GEOLOGYAND NEAR-SURFACE GEOPHYSICS
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Archaeological evidence (Waelkens et al., 2000) has demonstrated that the ancient city of Sagalassos has been struck by a number of earthquakes during its occupation history. Archaeoseismological evidence (type of damage, extensive and widespread nature of damage) (Sintubin et al., 2003) suggests an intensity of at least VIII (MSK) for the last earthquake...
PART IITHE GEOMORPHOLOGICAL SETTING
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EXTRACTING ARCHAEOLOGICAL FEATURES FROM VERYHIGH RESOLUTION QUICKBIRD-2 REMOTE SENSING IMAGERY:A METHODOLOGICAL APPROACH BASED ON THETOWN OF SAGALASSOS
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Remote sensing is the acquisition of information about an object without touching it (Jensen, 2000). This broad defi nition encompasses all types of remote sensing, including geophysical prospecting, aerial photography, aerial spectroscopy and satellite remote sensing. In relation to archaeology, remote sensing encompasses methods to discover and map remnants of...
TEPHRA FROM THE MINOAN ERUPTION OF SANTORINIIN THE TERRITORY OF SAGALASSOS
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The marsh of Gravgaz (N37°34’, E30°24’) is located 20km southeast of Burdur and 15 km southwest of the ancient city of Sagalassos. A few kilometres to the southeast of the marsh, the ruins (with a well-preserved circuit wall) of an unidentifi ed early Iron Age proto-urban site, part of the Hellenistic territory of Sagalassos, occupying the rock promontory of Kepez Kalesi...
LATE HOLOCENE SEDIMENT CHARACTERISTICS ANDSEDIMENT ACCUMULATION IN THE MARSH OF GRAVGAZ:EVIDENCE FOR ABRUPT ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGES
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...reconstruction of the palaeoenvironment (Lowe and Walker, 1984). The interpretation and combination of different sediment characteristics (used as proxy-records) can lead towards a regional ecological history (Bell and Walker, 1992). For Southwest Turkey pollen analysis has been performed on lake sediments from Beyşehir, Söğüt and Köycegiz (van Zeist et al. 1975), Pinarbaşı...
PART IIITHE CLIMATIC SETTING
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DEPOSITIONAL ENVIRONMENT OF HOLOCENE COOL WATERTRAVERTINES IN THE VALLEY OF BAŞKÖY
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...located some 5 km to the west of Sagalassos, forms part of an interdisciplinary research carried out at the territory of the archaeological site of Sagalassos. This site was occupied from prehistoric times until the 7th century A.D. The aim of this interdisciplinary study is to reconstruct the physical, biological and socio-economical environment of the ancient city (Waelkens et al.,...
WEATHERING OF LIMESTONE IN THE HISTORICALBUILDINGS OF SAGALASSOS
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The historical buildings of the ancient city of Sagalassos are mainly constructed with local limestone that has been, more or less, weathered in the course of time. The topic of this paper handles the dependency of this weathering on burial conditions, the nature of the limestone, atmospheric circumstances and biological factors. Only limestone building stones are regarded in this...
PART IVEXPLOITATION OF LOCAL RESOURCES AND THE IMPORT OF SUBSISTENCE GOODS
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CLAYS FOR MASS PRODUCTION OF TABLE AND COMMONWARES, AMPHORAE AND ARCHITECTURAL CERAMICSAT SAGALASSOS
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An exploration of the eastern part of Sagalassos in 1987, revealed the artisanal quarter of the town (Mitchell and Waelkens, 1988). The so-called potters’ quarter (Figure 1), located between the theatre in the west and a Hellenistic tower in the east, comprises an area of several hectares, still littered with ceramic waste. It forms one of the few located artisanal quarters...
PROVENANCING THE SLIP OF SAGALASSOS RED SLIP WARE
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...potters’ quarter, which started in 1997, was the integration of archaeometrical knowledge in order to study every single aspect of the pottery manufacturing process of Sagalassos in detail. As a result of this fi eldwork, the source of the clays used for the slip of the local tableware or Sagalassos red slip ware (SRSW) was identifi ed. The slip layer was already characterised by Viaene...
THE SAGALASSOS QUARRY LANDSCAPE:BRINGING QUARRIES IN CONTEXT
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...magnifi cent white limestone, which was not only extensively used in the local architecture, but was also exported to nearby Pamphylia (Ward-Perkins, 1980; Greenhalgh, 1987; Waelkens et al., 2002). An honorifi c inscription mentioning the ‘local marble of Sagalassos’ shows how closely the polished limestone of the area resembles marble (Waelkens et al., 1997a; Greenhalgh, 1987): “. . . Concerning this monument...
IDENTIFYING REMAINS OF ANCIENT FOOD IN THE CERAMICSOF SAGALASSOS: DEVELOPING A METHOD
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...mation to help us understand ancient social and economical systems. Traditional techniques to identify food remains use the morphology of preserved seeds, fruits or roots in the case of plants or preserved bones in the case of animals. The former techniques provide information on the earlier environment, but are ineffi cient when organic remains are poorly preserved (Jones, 1999). The use of chemical criteria to identify the orga...
THE 1997-1999 SURVEYS OF THE ANATOLIAN FISH FAUNAAND THEIR RELEVANCE TO THE INTERPRETATION OFTRADE AT SAGALASSOS
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The species identifi ed from the fi sh bones of the Roman and Early Byzantine contexts at Sagalassos show that they came from various regions. Several marine species were identifi ed – of which three occur exclusively in the Mediterranean – as well as Nilotic species such as the Nile perch (Lates niloticus), a bagrid catfi sh (Bagrus sp.), tilapia and a clariid...
LIST OF AUTHORS
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Page Count: 336
Publication Year: 2008