A Dark Trace
Sigmund Freud on the Sence of Guilt
Publication Year: 2009
Published by: Leuven University Press
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...“Psychoanalysis has never claimed to provide a complete theory of human mentality in general.”1 Freud wrote these words in 1914, shortly after his break with Jung. It is indeed true that he never concerned himself with developing an all-embracing system, but rather moved from the analysis of patients to areas of special attention: repression, dreams, the unconscious, sexuality and resistance. ...
Chapter 1Carmen and other representations
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The first time sense of guilt is explicitly mentioned in Freud’s work is during a short discussion of a case in The Neuro-Psychoses of Defence.1 He discusses the case of a girl who suffered from obsessional self-reproaches. Whenever she read in the newspapers about forgery she thought she had made the counterfeit money; if she heard about a murder somewhere, she thought she had committed it. She was ...
Chapter 2Dark traces
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In November 1896 Freud’s father had died. It affected him deeply, and he wrote to Fliess of an uprooted feeling.1 The death of his father led to a certain degree of self-analysis. Only a few weeks after abandoning his belief in neurotics in September 1897, he announced that he had begun a self-analysis.2 This was to be the method by which he sought to clarify his intellectual thoughts. Later, Freud wrote in the ...
Chapter 3Repressed desires
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In this chapter we return to Viennese bourgeois society and our analysis of neuroses, specifically obsessional neuroses. This chapter covers roughly the first decade of the twentieth century, a period during which attention shifted from hysteria to obsessional neuroses as it is in these neuroses that sense of guilt and oppressive morality are prominently found. They thus appeared to be the perfect ...
Chapter 4Applied psychoanalysis
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...“A knowledge of infantile sexual theories in the shapes they assume in the thoughts of children can be of interest in various ways – even, surprisingly enough, for the elucidation of myths and fairy tales”.1 This knowledge is indispensable for understanding neuroses. As we saw in the previous chapter, neuroses are indeed rooted in infantile sexuality. This is certainly also true of obsessional neuroses, ...
Chapter 5In the depths
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The break between Freud and Jung was definitive. It was not the first rift with a follower – Freud had broken earlier with Alfred Adler – and it would not be the last. Freud’s description of the origins of international psychoanalysis, published in On the History of the Psychoanalytic Movement (1914), included a look back at these two schisms. He first summarized the central principles the study of the ...
Chapter 6Analyses of the ego
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In the previous chapter we saw how Freud attempted to grasp the concept of the ego and the forces which affect and form it. That effort resulted in studies which he called “analysis of the ego”.1 These sought to chart narcissism, the conscience, the drives, love and hate, sadism and masochism, eros and Thanatos. The ego is a construct in which narcissism is fundamental, but within which destructive forces ...
Chapter 7Anxiety and helplessness
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In 1923 Freud made the sense of guilt central in The Ego and the Id. We have seen how for him the sense of guilt was closely related to the outcome of an individually determined Oedipus complex and the formation of a superego via identification with one or both parents. Analyses of various pathological types (melancholia, masochism, obsessive neurosis, hysteria) show that a specific type-dependent ...
Chapter 8Synthesis and a new debate
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Identification with one’s parents, the first object choices, the Oedipus complex and the sense of guilt in all its variants were central to Freud’s theories on individual development in The Ego and the Id. Before that, in Totem and Taboo, he had already described the sense of guilt as the core experience in culture. In his debate with rank he had sought a position which did justice to the problem of those pre-...
Chapter 9Great men
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When Freud wrote Civilization and Its Discontents he was already well past seventy. The last major debate (with klein, inter alia) resulted in fact in a repetition of standpoints he had taken earlier. The interest in pre-Oedipal developments (in girls) did not result in new clinical research. We could almost say the opposite – he began to concentrate on “great men”, religious leaders in whom he had long been ...
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The sense of guilt in Freud’s oeuvre is a concept that describes the tension between bodily instinctual drives and morality. The existence of this tension is his oldest psychoanalytical observation. The analyses of this tension became his life’s work.We took Carmen as the starting point for his initial opposition of morality and passion, although then still linked to a belief in a refined, bourgeois morality. ...
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...k. Abraham, Psychoanalytische Schriften II, J. cremerius (ed.), Psychosozial-Verlag, Gießen, 1999.k. Abraham, Psychoanalytische Studien zur Charakterbildung und andere Studien, J. cremerius (ed.), O. Andersson, Studies in the Prehistory of Psychoanalysis. The Aetiology of psychoneuroses and some related themes in Sigmund Freud’s scientific writings and letters 1886-1896, Svenska Bokförlaget, L. Andreas-Salomé, Friedrich Nietzsche in seinen Werken, Insel, Frankfurt, 2000....
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Page Count: 320
Publication Year: 2009
Series Title: Figures of the Unconscious / Figures de l'Inconscient