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A  Holocene Prehistoric Sequence in the Egyptian Red Sea Area: The Tree Shelter

Pierre M. Vermeersch (ed.)

Publication Year: 2008

The prehistory of the Eastern Desert of Egypt is not well understood. A Holocene Prehistoric Sequence in the Egyptian Red Sea Area: The Tree Shelter is an important contribution to our knowledge of the Epi-Palaeolithic, Neolithic and Predynastic occupation of the area. It presents the results of an excavation of a small rock shelter near Quseir, Egypt, which is one of the rare stratified sites in the Eastern Egyptian desert. The stratigraphic sequence starts around 8000 bp and continues until about 5000 bp. The archaeological material attests clear connections with the Nile Valley and the Western Desert during the wet Holocene period. Topics covered in the book include the site’s lithics and ceramics, microwear analysis of the lithic artefacts, and the woody vegetation of the Neolithic period.

Published by: Leuven University Press

Title Page, Copyright

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pp. 1-4

Contents

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pp. 5-6

List of Figures

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pp. 7-8

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Acknowledgements

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pp. 9-10

The Netherlands-Flemish Institute in Cairo (the former Netherlands Institute for Archaeology and Arabic Studies in Cairo) took care of all administrative duties in Egypt and provided us with fine housing while in Cairo. ...

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1 - Field Work

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pp. 11-62

The site, a small shelter, is situated in a short wadi (fig. 1), which drains into the northern part of the large depression (figs. 2 & 3), east of the Gebel um Hammad and the Gebel Duwi, northwest of Quseir on the Red Sea coast in Egypt (26°16,332’ N; 33°57,370’ E). ...

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2 - Microwear Analysis of some Artefacts from Archaeological Horizon 5

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pp. 63-72

The flint2 which was used at the site is not very fine grained when compared with French fine grey flint, or British chalk flint. The flint has suffered slight structural transformation with the development of a microcrystalline form, with clearly shaped crystals floating in silica jelly matrices. ...

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3 - Woody Vegetation and its use During the Neolithic at the Tree Shelter

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pp. 73-78

The site of Tree Shelter presents the rare opportunity of investigating Neolithic vegetation and its use by humans during their visits to the Red Sea Mountains, Egypt, an area still poorly studied from an archaeobotanical point of view. ...

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4 - Faunal Remains from the Tree Shelter Site

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pp. 79-84

Tree Shelter is a rock shelter in Wadi Sodmein, located in the Red Sea Mountains near El Qoseir. After a survey in 1995, small-scale excavations were carried out at the site in 1996. The site provided lumps of in situ archaeologically rich deposits. ...

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5 - Discussion and Conclusion

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pp. 85-98

Tree Shelter has been repeatedly occupied, probably always for a short–term period, from about 8.0 ka calBC on until about 3.7 calBC. The occupation horizons within this time period can not be individualised. For that reason five successive archaeological horizons have been defined (AH1-AH5). ...

6 - References

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pp. 99-104


E-ISBN-13: 9789461660336
Print-ISBN-13: 9789058676634

Page Count: 104
Publication Year: 2008

Series Title: Egyptian Prehistory Monographs

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Subject Headings

  • Tree Shelter Site (Egypt).
  • Excavations (Archaeology) -- Egypt -- Red Sea Coast.
  • Antiquities, Prehistoric -- Egypt -- Red Sea Coast.
  • Geology, Stratigraphic -- Holocene.
  • Red Sea Coast (Egypt) -- Antiquities.
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