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Francisci de Marchia Q1-12

Quaestiones in secundum librum sententiarum (Reportatio), Quaestiones 1-12

T. Suarez-Nani T., W. Duba, T. Babey, G.J. Etzkorn (eds)

Publication Year: 2009

This commentary exists in two versions: The major version is contained in 17 manuscripts and the critical edition of it is being prepared by a team of specialists led by Prof. Tiziana Suarez-Nani of the University of Fribourg, Switzerland. A minor version is found in one Vatican manuscript and is being edited by Prof. Em. Girard J. Etzkorn. The texts edited in this volume all deal with creation, and investigate such central philosophical and theological issues as action, production, and causality, being and nothingness, the nature of time, God’s relation to the world he created, and the distinction between God’s creation and God’s conservation of the world. Typical of this section of Sentences commentaries is a discussion of the eternity of the world (q. 12), in which Marchia defends the (counterfactual) possibility of the world’s eternality as well as the possibility of an actual infinite. Somewhat more unusual for this part of a medieval Sentences commentary is Marchia’s highly detailed discussion of the problem of universals and the validity of syllogistic argumentation, all of this part of Marchia’s attempt to determine whether creation can be demonstrated about God (q. 1). Throughout these twelve questions, Marchia challenges the ideas of some of the later Middle Ages’ best minds, including Peter Auriol, Durand of St. Pourçain, John Duns Scotus, Henry of Ghent, and Giles of Rome.

Published by: Leuven University Press

Series: Ancient and Medieval Philosophy - Series 3 Francisci de Marchia Opera Philosophica et Theologica

Title Page, Copyright

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pp. 1-4


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pp. v-6

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pp. vii-viii

Since last century, when Pierre Duhem and Anneliese Maier published their groundbreaking studies of medieval natural philosophy, Francis of Marchia, an Italian Franciscan who read the Sentences at Paris in 1319-1320, has been best known for several original and highly interesting scientific views. Recent scholarship has not only confirmed Duhem’s and Maier’s observations, but ...

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pp. ix-x

This edition is the product of international teamwork and collaboration. We have benefited from the help and support of numerous scholars, and we would like to thank especially R. Friedman (Katholieke Universiteit Leuven) and C. Schabel (The University of Cyprus), whose initiative brought about the project of editing Francis of Marchia’s Opera Philosophica et Theologica, and ...


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pp. xi-12

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I. Francis of Marchia’s Life

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pp. xi-xii

As common for many medieval thinkers, few biographical details survive for Francis of Marchia (Franciscus de Marchia, Franciscus de Esculo, Franciscus Rubeus de Pignano, Francesco d’Ascoli) before his lectures on the Sentences.1 Born around 1290, Francis hailed from the Italian village of Appignano del Tronto, now belonging to the province of Ascoli Piceno in the region ...

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II. Francis of Marchia’s Works

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pp. xiii-xxiii

Known since the fifteenth century as the Doctor succinctus, Francis of Marchia authored several works, of which only a part have been edited. Since this is the first volume to appear in a series dedicated to making Marchia’s works generally available, we supply below a list of Francis’ writings (authentic and doubtful), along with an indication of what has already been edited, in order ...

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III. The Commentaries on the Four Books of the Sentences

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pp. xxxiv-xxxv

As a bachelor of theology, Francis of Marchia lectured on the Sentences at Paris, most likely for one academic year, presumably 1319-1320.46 Like his contemporaries at Paris, he would have read the four books of the Sentences in the order I-IV-II-III,47 and commented on the Lombard’s text in question form, using the topics discussed by Peter Lombard as points of departure for ...

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IV. The Questions on the Second Book of the Sentences

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pp. xxxvi-lv

Three redactions of Francis’ commentary on book II of the Sentences survive, and an awareness of the relationship between these redactions is nec-essary to evaluate Francis’ thought as contained in these texts. The present volume presents the first part of the major redaction, Reportatio IIA. This text exists in 14 manuscripts, namely ABCFGKLNPTVWYZ. E, that is, Vatican ...

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V. Summary of the Themes Treated in Reportatio IIA,Questions 1-12

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pp. lvi-lxix

The doctrine of creation, common to the three monotheistic religions of the Western world, presented a challenge to Scholastic thinkers, who had to account for this dogma by means of reasoned argument. Their explanations for creation have considerable speculative interest since, in seeking to delineate divine action towards the world, they must examine and distinguish the differ-...

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VI. The Sources of Reportatio IIA, Questions 1-12

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pp. lxx-lxxiii

Francis treats his selected themes and elaborates his positions with reference to other thinkers, employing explicit and implicit sources, the identification of which serves to procure a better understanding of Francis’ doctrine as In this section, we present a quantitative treatment of the sources for ques...

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VII. Francis’ Doctrine of Creation and Historical Impact:A Preliminary Assessment

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pp. lxxiv-lxxvi

Without doubt it would be premature to assess Francis of Marchia’s doctrine at this point. The critical edition of his works has just begun, and we hope future detailed doctrinal and historical studies will clarify his views. Nevertheless, we can make a few remarks concerning the first twelve questions His doctrine of creation consists of the following theses: 1) creation is the ...

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VIII. The Edition

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pp. lxxvii-lxxxvii

As noted earlier, E has the redaction known as Reportatio IIB; DH carry a minor redaction of the major version; and the major version is witnessed by ABCFGKLNPTVWYZ. Of these, T only carries the last five and a half questions (qq. 44-49). F contains only qq. 1-30 and the first part of 31, while K is missing qq....

IX. Editorial Conventions

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pp. lxxxviii-lxxxix


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Quaestio 1

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pp. 1-45

Circa principium secundi libri, quaero utrum creatio sit demonstrabilis1. Videtur quod sic, quia notior est actio quam esse vel potentia; 52. Contra: creatio-passio non est demonstrabilis de creatura, ergovidendum quid est creatio-actio vel etiam creatio-passio. Secundo, 104. Quantum ad primum, dico quod, licet inferius inferat simplici-...

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Q. 2

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pp. 46-75

...actio habens subiectum est productio totalis rei; sed creatio est produc-2. Secundo arguo quod non sit possibilis obiective, quia potentiaobiectiva fundatur in potentia | subiectiva; sed creatio non est possibi- P 8va3. Sed contra. Et primo quod sit possibilis subiective, quia quodconvenit generi, et speciei eius; sed habere subiectum convenit ac-10...

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Q. 3:

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pp. 76-84

Utrum omnia alia a primo ente indigeant actuali conservatione ab1. Videtur quod non, quia haec videtur esse differentia inter entia5permanentia et successiva: quia successiva sunt in continua dependen-tia ad suas causas, non autem permanentia; ergo alia a Deo, saltem2. Contra: quia magis dependent a primo ente omnia alia ab ipso10...

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pp. 85-95

...conservationem naturalem, ita productio supernaturalis ad conserva-tionem supernaturalem. Sed generatio vel productio naturalis distin- 5guitur a conservatione; transacta enim generatione qua ignis generathabet plures operationes sive actiones immediatas eiusdem | ordinis;B 10rased potentia Dei creativa et conservativa est eadem, res etiam creabilis 10...

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Q. 5

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pp. 96-101

...prius terminatae ad ipsos non distinguuntur realiter, nec ipsi termini;actiones enim distinguuntur per terminos; sed actiones terminatae adrem et ad durationem rei non distinguuntur aliquo modo realiter; ergonec res ab eius duratione. Probatio minoris: quia creatio terminatur adrem, conservatio autem ad eius durationem; tantum | enim res durat B 11rb10...

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Q. 6:

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pp. 102-104

...dictis in praecedenti quaestione, quoniam non magis videtur differre5duratio rei successivae ab ipsa quam duratio permanentis differat a repermanente; sed ista non differt a re permanente, ut patet ex praedictis2. Praeterea, si tempus distingueretur a motu, generaretur aliquaalia generatione ab illa qua generatur motus; hoc autem non videtur10...

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Q. 7:

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pp. 105-114

...1. Videtur quod non, quia relativa dicuntur ad convertentiam, |B 12rbsecundum Philosophum in Praedicamentis; sed Dei ad creaturam nonMetaphysicae, est relatio realis; | natura est realis effectus Dei; ergo....

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Q. 8:

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pp. 115-130

Q. 8: Utrum relatio realis creaturae ad Deum differat realiter aUtrum praedicta relatio realis creaturae ad Deum differat realiter1. Videtur quod non, quia si creatura referatur ad Deum per aliud 5a se, quaero de illo per quid refertur ad ipsum. Si per se ipsum, ergoeadem ratione standum fuit in primo. Si per aliud, quaeram de illo in...

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Q. 9:

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pp. 131-223

Utrum relatio creaturae ad Deum ut ad causam efficientem sit eadem cum relatione | creaturae ad ipsum Deum ut L 156vb ad causam finalem, 5 vel distinguatur ab ipsa...

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Q. 10:

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pp. 132-155

...voluntatem et per actum intelligendi et volendi, vel per aliquam aliam1. Videtur primo quod per aliam potentiam ab intellectu et volun-tate et per alium actum ab actu intelligendi et volendi, quia diversorumN 142rb || productorum diversi sunt | actus producendi; sed creaturae productaeB 15rbsunt diversae; ergo et productiones earum. Sed actus intelligendi et...

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Q. 11:

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pp. 156-194

...Q. 11: Utrum creatio-actio sit in Deo vel in creatura vel in utro-Physicorum, actio est in patiente; ergo et creatio-actio est in creatura,52. Contra: illud in quo est formaliter creatio creat; sed creaturaab illa quaestione qua quaeritur ‘utrum actio sit in agente vel in patien-te’, ideo in ista quaestione sic procedetur. Primo enim videbitur quid...

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Q. 12:

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pp. 195-225


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pp. 226-242

H 81ra1. Et videtur quod non, quia creatio-passio non est demonstrabilisquid sit creatio-actio et creatio-passio; secundo, utrum creatio-actio sit104. Circa primum est sciendum quod regula est vera, quia inferiusinfert suum superius simpliciter, non tamen universaliter. E conversosuperius sumptum universaliter infert inferius universaliter. Exem-15...


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pp. 243-246

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pp. 247-256

...—, Theoremata de esse et essentia, ed. E. Hocedez, Louvain 1930.[Anonymus], Les Auctoritates Aristotelis. Un florilège médiéval. Étude Anselmus Cantuariensis, in: S. Anselmi Cantuariensis archiepiscopi Opera omnia, v. 1, ed. F.S. Schmitt, Stuttgart-Bad Cannstatt 1968, pp. 1-87.[Aristoteles Latinus], Categoriae vel Praedicamenta. Translatio Boethii, ...


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pp. 257-358

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pp. 267-272

Latinorum quae in Bibliothecis Belgicis asservantur, ed. A. Pattin, II. Lexicon Plotinianum, ed. J.H. Sleeman (†) & G. Pollet, 1980, III. Proclus. Commentaire sur le Parménide de Platon. Traduction de Guillaume de Moerbeke. Tome I: Livres I à IV, ed. C. Steel, 1982, IV. Proclus. Commentaire sur le Parménide de Platon. Traduction de ...

E-ISBN-13: 9789461660299
Print-ISBN-13: 9789058677006

Publication Year: 2009

Series Title: Ancient and Medieval Philosophy - Series 3 Francisci de Marchia Opera Philosophica et Theologica