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Ancient Perspectives on Aristotles De anima

Gerd Van Riel, Pierre Destrée (eds)

Publication Year: 2010

Aristotle’s treatise On the Soul figures among the most influential texts in the intellectual history of the West. It is the first systematic treatise on the nature and functioning of the human soul, presenting Aristotle’s authoritative analyses of, among others, sense perception, imagination, memory, and intellect. The ongoing debates on this difficult work continue the commentary tradition that dates back to antiquity. This volume offers a selection of papers by distinguished scholars, exploring the ancient perspectives on Aristotle’s De anima, from Aristotle’s earliest successors through the Aristotelian Commentators at the end of Antiquity. It constitutes a twin publication with a volume entitled Medieval Perspectives on Aristotle’s De anima (to be published in the Series ‘Philosophes Médiévaux’, Peeters Publ.), both volumes appearing to celebrate the 50th anniversary of the De Wulf Mansion Centre for Ancient, Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy at K.U. Leuven and U.C. Louvain. Contributions by: Enrico Berti, Klaus Corcilius, Frans de Haas, Andrea Falcon, Patrick Macfarlane, Pierre-Marie Morel, Ronald Polansky, R.W. Sharples, Nathanael Stein, Annick Stevens, Joel Yurdin, Marco Zingano.

Published by: Leuven University Press

Title Page, Copyright

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pp. 1-4

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introduction

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pp. v-xii

...Aristotle’s treatise On the Soul figures among the most influential texts in the intellectual history of the West. It is the first systematic treatise on the nature and functioning of the (human) soul, presenting Aristotle’s authoritative analyses of, among others, sense perception, imagination, memory, and intellect. The ongoing debates on this difficult work continue the commentary tradition that dates back ...

table of contents

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pp. 13-14

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How Are Episodes of Thought Initiated According to Aristotle?

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pp. 1-16

...De anima Book ii, chapter 5, distinguishes two kinds of δύναμις. One δύναμις, δύναμις, is a remote δύναμις, the other, δύναμις, is an immediate δύναμις. In order to make this distinction plain, Aristotle says: We must distinguish different senses of δύναμις and ἐντελέχεια: In the present we speak as if each of these had only one sense...

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After Literalism and Spiritualism: The Plasticity of Aristotelian Perception

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pp. 17-34

...A plausible interpretation of Aristotle’s theory of perception runs as follows: perception is the actualization of a capacity to become like the object of perception in form, such that (i) the actualization involves but is not defined by physical changes to the sense organs, and (ii) the likeness between perceiver and object of perception is a kind of formal likeness rather than sameness of perceptible quality. That is,...

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L’ Apparition de la Consciencedans le De Anima et D’Autres Oeuvres D’Aristote

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pp. 35-48

...Une des questions les plus présentes dans la philosophie contemporaine est celle de la conscience que nous avons de notre propre existence, ou le fait que notre propre existence fait question pour nous. Or, cette question n’apparaît pas tout de suite dans la philosophie occidentale naissante; on ne la trouve pas encore ex-plicitement formulée chez Platon: dans l’Alcibiade, il est bien question de prendre...

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Know Thyself: Plato and Aristotle on Awareness

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pp. 49-70

...With this statement Proclus opens the introduction to his commentary on the First Alcibiades. This statement seems appropriate at the celebration of the 50th jubilee of the De Wulf Mansion Centre for the Study of Ancient and Medieval Philosophy. In this Centre the study of Proclus is currently flourishing as never before. Indeed, ‘the whole of philosophical consideration’ has found such an attractive...

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Aristotelian Imagination and the Explanation of Behavior

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pp. 71-88

...The importance of imagination (φαντασία) in Aristotle’s psychology can hardly be overstated. Aristotle appeals to it in explaining a wide variety of psychological phenomena, including perceiving, concept acquisition, thinking, memory, deliberate remembering, the formation of desires, and dreaming. Imagination is also crucial for the explanation of pursuit and avoidance behavior, particularly in...

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Considérations sur L’argumentation D’Aristotedans De anima III 4

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pp. 89-106

...Dans le De anima, après avoir examiné la nature de la sensation et celle de l’ima-gination, Aristote se propose d’examiner la nature de la pensée. Cette étude, qui occupe les chapitres 4 à 8 du troisième livre, présente des difficultés considérables d’exégèse, notamment en ce qui concerne le court et à maints égards trop énig-matique chapitre III 5. Dans ce qui suit, je voudrais concentrer mon attention sur ...

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God, the Divine, and νοῦς in Relation to the De anima

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pp. 107-124

...In his treatise on the possibility of prophecy in sleep, Aristotle argues that dreams, while not God-sent, have a special daemonic status resulting from their link to nature: On the whole, forasmuch as certain of the other animals [besides humans] also dream, it may be concluded that dreams are not sent by God (θεόπεμπτα), nor are they designed for this purpose. They are daemonic ...

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Parties du Corps et Fonctions de L’âme en Métaphysique Z

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pp. 125-140

...Depuis plus d’une vingtaine d’années, la place de la philosophie du vivant dans la pensée d’Aristote a fait l’objet d’une importante réévaluation. D’une part, il est désormais acquis que les recherches biologiques ne sont pas simplement descriptives et limitées à des visées positives, par opposition à la dimension supposée plus spéculative de la Métaphysique par exemple. D’autre part, il est apparu que la...

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La Cause du Mouvement Dans les êtres Vivants

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pp. 141-154

...Le chapitre III 10 du De anima est souvent cité comme parallèle de Metaph. Lambda 7, 1072a26-b4, c’est-à-dire de l’explication qu’Aristote donne de la manière dont le moteur immobile meut le ciel: il le meut de la même manière que l’objet du désir et l’objet de l’intellection meuvent les êtres vivants, parce qu’ils les meuvent sans être mus...

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The Hellenistic Period: What Happened to Hylomorphism?

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pp. 156-166

...Harold Cherniss once described the history of Platonic interpretation as ‘a series of insistently charitable attempts on the part of western philosophers and their acolytes, each to baptise Plato in his own particular faith’. Naturally enough, every generation is indeed interested in those aspects of the thought of past philosophers that can be related to their own contemporary concerns. What is true for ...

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The Scope and Unity of Aristotle’s Investigation of the Soul

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pp. 167-181

...Ancient thought about the soul started well before Aristotle. For example, we find important insights and discussions on the soul in Plato’s works. It is telling that the Phaedo was also known to ancient readers as On the Soul. However, these insights and discussions are never brought together and unified in a theory of the soul. Aristotle was the first person to offer a comprehensive, fully developed...

Bibliography

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pp. 183-196

List of Contributors

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pp. 197-198

De Wulf-Mansion Centre Ancient And Medieval Philosophy

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pp. 199-206


E-ISBN-13: 9789461660244
Print-ISBN-13: 9789058677723

Page Count: 218
Publication Year: 2010

Series Title: Ancient and Medieval Philosophy - Series 1