Key Concepts of Romanian History
Alternative Approaches to Socio-Political Languages
Publication Year: 2013
Published by: Central European University Press
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Preface to the English Edition
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Reinhart Koselleck’s impressive oeuvre—one which has been extensively discussed in the most recent publications pertaining to the field of conceptual history1—has generated many original problematizations and theorizations that have influenced the types of approaches put forth by contemporary historiography. At the same time, the scholarly endeavor to adapt...
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Decoding key-concepts of Romanian socio-political languages is a welcome and useful endeavor for understanding the past, for the thorough theoretical grounding of the present, as well as for the thoughtful planning of future projects. Conceptual history contributes to acquiring knowledge about the semantics of concepts throughout their evolution in time. This innovative method of history...
Is Rewriting Romanian History Useful? The Evolution of Socio-Political Concepts and Alternative Interpretations
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Scholarly publications of the last few decades prove that worldwide historiography has diversified its research tools and opted for fundamental methodological changes as far as approaching the past is concerned. Thanks to conjoined efforts on the part of historians, linguists, and philosophers, history has been significantly enriched and has gained a respectable status in...
On the Process of Writing the History of Romania: Methodological Issues
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Even if, thematically speaking, Romanian historiography has broadened its horizons, and contemporary Romanian history, in particular, has been the object of more in-depth analyses than in the past, Cristina and Dragoş Petrescu hold that, overall, post-1989 Romanian historiography has been less...
Some Reflections on Historical Semantics, Political Modernity and Romanian History (1780–1939)
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Any general theory of history does not allow itself to be hindered by constraints. Any story claiming that it “really happened” is condemned to a minimum of analytical reflection surrounding the hypotheses of its own practice. Between these two extremes, a middle ground is possible. In what follows, I will propose this very middle ground as a theoretical approach to conceptual...
The Concept of Patriotism in Romanian Culture
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The concept of patriotism continues to be as controversial as it used to be in the past. Apart from ideologies, it most often refers to a positive phenomenon which mirrors one’s emotional ties to one’s own state and/or nation. It is different from nationalism, which represents a negative phenomenon fostering the feeling...
Romanian Liberalism (1821–1866)
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This paper investigates the evolution of the Romanian concept of liberalism between 1821 and 1866, from Tudor Vladimirescu’s movement in Wallachia to the creation of the Cărvunari Constitution in Moldavia and up to the promulgation of the first Constitution of united Romania in 1866.1 It was during this half century that the coherent expression of...
Democracy, Democratic, Democratization
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Examining the processes of democratization is important for assessing and understanding the pluralist meanings of socio-political languages. Present-day Western scholars have been drawn mainly to investigating the beginnings of democracy, which occurred over a century ago, and conceptualizing it.1 In former communist countries, the relation between the present-day...
The Concept of Progress: The Fraught Relation between Liberalism and State Intervention
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The Romanian concept of progres (progress) best corresponds to the German Fortschritt—it is a derivation of the same French language word, namely the notion of progressus that comes from Latin. The concept entered the Romanian language around 1821, when boyar and Chancellor Dinicu Golescu (1777–1830) went and joined the nobility that had found refuge...
The Concept of Property in Romania’s Economic-Legal History
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The concept and institution of property belong to the vocabulary and basic inventory of modern societies. Starting with the American and French revolutions at the end of the eighteenth century, the right to property and the state’s guarantee of its inviolability fell under the broader scope of human rights. This happened after the idea...
The Notion of Europe from the Perspective of Romanian Historical Studies
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Despite the political and economic changes that occurred at the beginning of the twentieth century, the analysis of the notion Europe has regained its central role. In spite of the expansion of the European Union, studies on this topic are complex.1 Given that, it would be preferable that we distinguish between studies referring to the institutional...
Images of Europe – Images of Romania (1945/1948–2008)
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According to Wilfried Loth’s theory,1 the European Union has a duty to
try and solve four problems, namely:
1. keeping peace on the continent;
2. the German question;
3. the less than optimal economic...
The Concept of Constitution in the History of Romanian Legal Thought
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Decisions ensuring political order have been laid down under different names in Romanian history and legal language, such as: sound/substantial laws, fundamental laws, endowment, pravilă (archaic word in Romanian for law [or a group of laws], disposal, regulation, act [with civil or clergy-related character]), regulations/rules, constitution or constituţiune (archaic ...
The Concept of National Style in Artistic Historiography. Asserting a Critical Vocabulary
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An analysis of the concept of national style within interwar Romanian artistic historiography could be significant for introducing a new dimension of study within the current debates on the national and nationalism. My paper aims to identify the way in which a national Romanian specific style—as different from...
The Conceptualization of National Character in the Romanian Intellectual Tradition
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The present study seeks to offer an overview of the uses of the concept of “national character” in Romanian intellectual history. The choice of the topic barely needs legitimation as modern Romanian intellectual history has been continuously under the spell of defining the nation and placing Romanians on the map...
Neam (Romanian for Kin) and Popor (Romanian for People): The Notions of Romanian Ethno-Centrism
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The decades that have elapsed since the end of World War II show that Western Europe is interested in redefining some of its concepts that lay at the basis of its nineteenth- and twentieth-century politics. This priority of interests can be noticed both at the level of academic endeavors and state politics. The tendency is to promote languages that develop...
The Concept of Totalitarianism in Romanian Socio-Political Languages
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Like other political ideas or concepts, totalitarianism has a rich and complex history. It has been used to show that state institutions such as the crown, the parliament, law, or the army, can become the tools of a single party or a single leader under a certain political context. The concept of totalitarianism refers to regimes...
Transition, Transitions: The Conceptualization of Change in Romanian Culture
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A possible answer to this question could be our intellectual interest but also the desire to name and possibly conceptualize social change in the language of historical and political sciences. In fact, the concept of transition (change) could be found on the initial list proposed to us by Victor Neumann...
The History of Politics as a Dispute around the Concepts of Politics, Statesman, Political Person, Politician
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The conceptual field of the term politics has not yet been systematically analyzed neither in the case of Romania as a whole nor in that of any of its regions. So far, the socio-linguistic studies of Klaus Bochmann and Jürgen Erfurt have contributed to distinguishing between the concepts of politics and...
Summary: Key-Concepts of Romanian History. Alternative Approaches to Socio-Political Languages
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The theoretical analyses and interpretations contained in the studies of this volume focus on key-concepts such as: politics, political person, democracy, Europe, liberalism, constitution, property, progress, neam (Romanian for kin), nation, national character, national specificity, homeland, patriotism, education, totalitarianism, democracy, democratic, democratization, transition, censorship...
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Index of terms and concepts
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Page Count: 518
Publication Year: 2013