Jews in Bohemia between the Enlightenment and the Soah
Publication Year: 2013
Published by: Central European University Press
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List of Tables
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List of Figures
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Preface and Acknowledgements
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This book studies the unique demographic behavior of Jews in Bohemia, starting from a moment in history when industrialization in Central Europe was still far away in the future and when Jews were still living legally restricted lives in segregated ghettos. Very early on, from the eighteenth century onwards, Jews developed patterns of decreasing mortality and fertility ...
Part 1. The Concept of a Demographic Avant-Garde: Three Keys
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Chapter 1. Population Change, Demographic Transition and Its Forerunners
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This book spans the long period between the middle of the eighteenth century and the first three decades of the twentieth. Throughout Europe, this was a time when modern society was taking shape and when the abso-lutism, centralized governance, and feudalism of the early modern era were in decline and the early stages of capitalism and industrialization ...
Chapter 2. Historical Context: The Case of Jews in Bohemia
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This chapter offers an outline of the key historical facts of the existence of the Jewish community in Bohemia from its earliest history to the present day. Although a historical account of Jews in Bohemia is not the main aim of this book, it plays an important role in it. Knowledge of the historical, legal, and social context of any population, and the Jewish one in particu-...
Chapter 3. Data Sources: Correct Use and Interpretation
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There are two types of data on population development: one that charac-terizes population stocks and includes population counts and structures, and another that relates to population dynamics, that is, natality, mortality, nuptiality, divorce, and migration. The first is usually obtained from popu-lation censuses; the second from vital statistics. The data sources I work ...
Part 2. Jewish Population Development in Bohemia: Trends and Transitions from the Mid-Eighteenth to the Mid-Twentieth Century
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Chapter 4. Population Growth and Spatial Distribution
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An analysis of Jewish population development forms the core of this book. This part presents a detailed analysis of population size, spatial dis-tribution, age, sex, and marital structure, nuptiality, divorce, fertility, mor-tality, and causes of death, natural increase, and migration of the Jewish population in Bohemia. It does so over a time span of two centuries, from ...
Chapter 5. Population Structure: Sex, Age, and Marital Status
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An analysis of the population structure by sex, age, and marital status is essential to any deeper insight into the development of demographic proc-esses. This chapter examines the dramatic change in the Jewish age struc-ture from expanding to contracting and the changes in the marital struc-ture, all of which occurred within just a few decades in the late nineteenth ...
Chapter 6. Marital Patterns: Nuptiality and Divorce
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Changes in nuptiality are usually an indicator of shifting value orienta-tions in the population that subsequently affect and alter fertility.1 Tradi- Almost exclusively endogamous marriages (where both partners were of Jewish faith). In many lands, Bohemia included, the ten-tence of restrictive provisions that prohibited marriage between ...
Chapter 7. Fertility
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The fertility of the Jewish population around the turn of the twentieth century has been the subject of much study. The interest of many analyses has been the low fertility rate of Jews in the modern period, compared both to the non-Jewish population and to the high fertility that Jews likely had in pre-modern times (e.g., Ritterband 1981, Bachi 1976). In-depth ...
Chapter 8. Mortality and Causes of Death
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High mortality and high fertility was a reproduction mix that held popula-tion growth close to zero in the past. Most children did not survive into adulthood due to a lack of adequate care or harsh external conditions. Thus turned the wheel of high fertility and mortality regime for many centuries. There is little reliable evidence of what Jewish mortality pat-...
Chapter 9. Natural Population Increase, Migration, Religious Disaffiliation, and Acculturation
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The dynamic component of demographic events and the static component of population stocks are the data that make up the picture of population change. The former consists of events usually reported yearly: births, deaths, and in- and out-migration. When studying demographic changes affecting a religious minority, it is also necessary to include religious con-...
Part 3. Social and Economic Characteristics of Jews in Bohemia
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Chapter 10. Linguistic Identity and Ethnicity
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The social environment in which a population lives has a significant influ-ence on its demographic reproduction, and this is especially true of minor-ity populations. How open a minority is to the majority population, or, conversely, shut off from it, and how fully the minority is able to partici-pate in the life of society as a whole are important determiners of the ex-...
Chapter 11. Education System and Enrolment
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Education is often cited as a precondition for technological advancement and the growth of domestic wealth (Cohen 1996, Goldin and Katz 2009). However, not every type of education has those effects. The content of education conducive to economic growth is that of a secular and rational-istic type (Easterlin 1981), and therefore it was not by chance that a spread ...
Chapter 12. Social Status, Professional Structure, and Economic Contributions
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What did the professional structure of the Jewish population look like and how did it change over time? Why was it distinct from that of the non-Jewish population? In what way was it similar to or different from the professional structure of Jewish populations in neighboring countries? Even in the modern era, the professional choices of the Jewish popu-...
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This book has analyzed population dynamics in transition in the context of modernization and the interaction between the social, economic, legal, and political environments. I have studied Bohemian Jews as forerunners of the demographic transition, and have discussed the timing and circum-stances of demographic changes in this population, which was among the ...
List of References and Data Sources
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Appendix 2: Sources on vital statistics of Jews in Bohemia, 1785–Appendix 3: Time series of vital statistics and population counts, Appendix 5: Population structure by age, sex, and marital status, Appendix 6 A: Coale indices of fertility, Jews in Bohemia and se-children in the current marriage, nationality/religion/country of ...
Index of Names and Concepts
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Page Count: 248
Illustrations: Tables, charts, maps
Publication Year: 2013