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Stalinism Revisited

The Establishment of Communist Regimes in East-Central Europe

Edited by Vladimir Tismaneanu

Publication Year: 2009

Deals with the period of takeover and of ‘high Stalinism’ in Eastern Europe (1945–1955). These years are considered to be fundamentally characterized by institutional and ideological transfers based upon the premise of radical transformism and of cultural revolution. Both a balance-sheet and a politico-historical synthesis that reflects the archival and thematic novelties which came about in the field of communism studies after 1989.

Published by: Central European University Press

Title page

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Table of Contents

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Introduction

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pp. 1-14

Understanding the nature, dynamics, and consequences of Stalinism in Eastern and Central Europe remains an urgent scholarly and moral task. The present volume compiles . . .

Part One - Stalinism Revisited and the Takeover Model

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Stalinist Revolutionary Breakthroughs in Eastern Europe

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pp. 17-23

According to Franz Schurman, a revolutionary breakthrough makes a return to the status quo ante impossible. Otto Kirchheimer, in his seminal article “Confining Conditions and . . .

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Diabolical Pedagogy and the (Il)logic of Stalinism in Eastern Europe

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pp. 25-50

In order to understand the dynamics of the Stalinist experiment in Eastern Europe, one needs to take into account the prevailing role of direct Soviet intervention and . . .

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Stalin, Soviet Policy, and the Consolidation of a Communist Bloc in Eastern Europe, 1944–53

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pp. 51-101

Soviet policy in Eastern Europe during the final year and immediate aftermath of World War II had a profound impact on global politics.1 The clash of Soviet and Western objectives . . .

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Popular Democracy: An Illusion?

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pp. 103-128

From the classic formulations of Marx and Engels to the end of the communist system in Eastern Europe, Marxist theoreticians and communist party leaders wrestled with the dual problem . . .

Part Two - The Establishment of Communist Regimes in Central and Eastern Europe

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Eastern Europe between the USSR and the West: Reflections on the Origins and Dynamics of the Cold War

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pp. 131-141

I was actually born in 1938 during the Munich crisis, so I could almost say, with the 17th-century English political philosopher Thomas Hobbes, that fear and I are twins, even if the . . .

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Legitimation Deficit and Legitimation Crisis in East European Societies

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pp. 143-160

In the following paper I use the term “legitimation” roughly in its Weberian understanding. A system of domination can be regarded as “legitimate” if at least one part of the population . . .

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The Paradox of East German Communism: From Non-Stalinism to Neo-Stalinism?

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pp. 161-162

The German Democratic Republic (GD R) figured as one of the world’s most orthodox Communist states. This was especially apparent against the background of the . . .

The Paradox of East German Communism: From Non-Stalinism to Neo-Stalinism?

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pp. 163-193

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Road to “People’s Poland”: Stalin’s Conquest Revisited

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pp. 195-228

The 60th anniversary of the Communist Information Bureau (Cominform), coinciding also with the anniversary of the outbreak of the Cold War and the end of the communist . . .

Part Three - Stalinism and Historiography

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Revisiting Hungarian Stalinism

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pp. 231-254

The concept of Stalinism is no longer a subject of wide debate in Hungary. There is still a lot of interest in the Stalinist period of Hungarian history, but less than there was, say, during . . .

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Avatars of the Romanian Academy and the Historical Front: 1948 versus 1955

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pp. 255-281

The starting point of the institutionalization and centralization of history production in Romania under communism is the year 1948. At the time, the Academy turned into an . . .

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Bulgarian Stalinism Revisited

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pp. 283-303

Any attempt to set the chronological boundaries of Bulgarian Stalinism puts us in the middle of two continuing debates. The first one is the great controversy about who unraveled the . . .

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Historicizing a Disputed Theme: Anti-Communist Armed Resistance in Romania

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pp. 305-342

The wars waged by small irregular groups against regular military forces or even big armies, of the “classical” type, have been known since Antiquity. But the term “guerrilla war” entered . . .

Part Four - National or Revolutionary Breakthroughs?

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Hope Died Last: The Czechoslovak Road to Stalinism

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pp. 345-365

Having written quite extensively on the immediate post-war period in Czechoslovakia, I will be drawing upon many of those writings to discuss the path that Czechoslovakia took from . . .

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Propaganda and Culture in Romania at the Beginning of the Communist Regime

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pp. 367-385

In the aftermath of the communist takeover, high on the Romanian Communist Party’s to-do-list was the creation of a Soviet-type culture. According to the official discourse, this new culture was . . .

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Varieties of Stalinism in Light of the Yugoslav Case

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pp. 387-399

Stalinism was a somewhat diffuse phenomenon. A long time ago I put forward some conceptual and other distinctions for it, relying on the specific example of the Yugoslav Communist . . .

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Community-Building and Identity Politics in Gheorghiu-Dej’s Romania, 1956–64

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pp. 401-422

Numerous scholars have been concerned with Nicolae Ceauşescu’s flamboyant display of chauvinistic nationalism. Indeed, under the reign of Ceauşescu (1965–89), the . . .

List of Contributors

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pp. 425-429

Index

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pp. 431-444

back cover

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E-ISBN-13: 9786155211812
Print-ISBN-13: 9789639776555

Page Count: 454
Publication Year: 2009