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Heroes and Villains

Creating National History in Contemporary Ukraine

By David Marples

Publication Year: 2007

Certain to engender debate in the media, especially in Ukraine itself, as well as the academic community. Using a wide selection of newspapers, journals, monographs, and school textbooks from different regions of the country, the book examines the sensitive issue of the changing perspectives – often shifting 180 degrees – on several events discussed in the new narratives of the Stalin years published in the Ukraine since the late Gorbachev period until 2005. These events were pivotal to Ukrainian history in the 20th century, including the Famine of 1932–33 and Ukrainian insurgency during the war years.

Published by: Central European University Press

Title Page, Copyright, Dedication

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pp. 2-5


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p. 6-6


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p. viii-viii

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pp. iv-xx

Independent Ukraine emerged in August, 1991, and was ratified by a national referendum in December of this same year. However, the roots of the modern state are to be found in the period of Perestroika, under Mikhail S. Gorbachev, when...

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pp. xxi-xxii

The research for this book was generously funded by a major grant from the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada, 2003–06. The author would like to thank the librarians and the staff of three ...

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Chapter 1: Independent Ukraine Reviews the Past

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pp. 1-33

There are several general indications of changing perspectives in Ukraine after independence, a period when the government was preoccupied with elaborating its new relationship with Russia, with its autonomous region of ...

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Chapter 2: The Famine of 1932–33

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pp. 34-76

For independent Ukraine, no event has greater significance in the history of the developing nation-state than the Famine of 1932–33. It brought about a period of intensive suffering on a hitherto unimagined scale. Yet, although the ...

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Chapter 3: The OUN, 1929–43

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pp. 77-123

This chapter analyzes discourse and writings on the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists (OUN), founded in 1929 in the territories of Ukraine that were included in Poland as a result of the Paris Peace treaties that ...

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Chapter 4: Making Heroes: the Early Days of OUN-UPA

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pp. 122-162

This chapter examines interpretations of the topic of OUN-UPA1 as constituents in the process of constructing a national history in Ukraine, and in particular the changing interpretations of this organization in Ukraine. Several. ...

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Chapter 5: UPA’s Conflict with the Red Army and Soviet Security Forces

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pp. 163-197

This chapter takes the discussion and debates about the Ukrainian insurgence one step further, into the later war years, with focus on two major issues: first, it analyzes discussions of UPA’s conflict with the Soviet security ...

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Chapter 6: The Ukrainian–Polish Conflict

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pp. 198-237

Of all the volatile issues emanating from Ukraine’s participation in the Second World War, perhaps the most debated has been UPA’s conflict with the Poles, which has been described by Yale historian Timothy Snyder as one ...

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Chapter 7: Writing New History in Ukraine

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pp. 233-275

This chapter examines the emergence of new history in Ukraine, as well as the issue of the rehabilitation of the OUN and UPA, which has been taken on as a goal by the government of President Viktor Yushchenko. The intention is ...

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Chapter 8: Assessments

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pp. 276-295

This concluding chapter will be divided into three parts. The first will examine perhaps the most definitive treatment of OUN ideology to date, by historian H. V. Kas’yanov; the second will look at the main findings of the 2004 ...

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pp. 296-307

Having examined the various opinions through discourses on the Famine, the OUN, and the UPA, and other aspects of Ukraine in the Second World War at different levels, one can offer a few comments first concerning the ...


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pp. 308-329


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pp. 330-363

Back cover

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p. 378-378

E-ISBN-13: 9786155211355
Print-ISBN-13: 9789637326981

Page Count: 378
Publication Year: 2007

Edition: 1st