Christian Demonology and Popular
Publication Year: 2006
Published by: Central European University Press
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Table of Contents
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Contents of the first and the third volumes
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The most important ordering principle of our first volume1 was that of the communication with the supernatural: the relations of the human world with the domains of the spirits, a set of relationships which con-stituted an important part of the mental universe of medieval and early modern europe. as shown by several articles in the volume, in some ...
Part I Learned Demonology, Images of the Devil
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Demons in Krakow, and Image Magic in a Magical Handbook
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The curious genre of medieval magical handbooks has been researched for many decades. already lynn Thorndike, in his famous History of Magic and Experimental Science, gave a typology and an exhaustive de-scription of magical practices, including the relatively innocent meth-ods connected with the secrets of the natural world, and the explicitly ...
“A Wall of Bronze” or Demons versus Saints: Whose Victory?
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...barbara newman, in her study of devout women, demoniacs, and the apostolic life in thirteenth-century europe proposed that in her mate-rial (thirteenth-century exempla) the demoniacs “played a necessary part on the stage of the evangelical drama—so necessary, indeed, that if they had not existed, clerics would have had to invent them” (newman ...
An Iconographical Approach to Representations of the Devil in Medieval Hungary
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Discussing representations of the devil is at least as complicated as dis-cussing the devil itself. The appearances of specific forms of the devil are closely related to the evolution and changes of the notion of the devil. The more “good” and “evil” begin to polarize, the more their rep-resentations begin to differentiate; evil gradually evolves from the no-...
Talking With Demons. Early Modern Theories and Practice
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...although half a century ago it may have seemed surprising, by today we are quite used to the idea that early modern humanism was by no means the enlightened and rational period as some interpreters of the renaissance wanted to see and to have it seen. Decades of research in science-and cultural history as well as in historical anthropology has ...
Protestant Devil Figures in Hungary
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Protestant church art is decorative art and, as in Europe in general, it has had a big influence in Hungary on shaping festive and everyday objects. This “revolution in the decoration of objects” occurred in Hungary in the seventeenth century, unimpeded even by the confusion...
The Devil and Birthgiving
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...in swedish folklore in Finland the devil was regarded as a helper when a woman was in pain giving birth to her child. alternatively, he helped a mother to make her unwanted baby disappear. in this paper i shall consider the folklore texts as complements to the creation myth in genesis. my inspiration comes from theories on intertextuality. i ...
Part II Exchanges between Elite and Popular Concepts
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Serpent-damsels and Dragon-slayers: Overlapping Divinities in a Medieval Tradition
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...st. margaret of antioch, best known for defeating the dragon who tries to swallow her, is associated with later medieval fertility and childbirth beliefs in a set of cultic practices that emphasized her divine powers of protection. Contemporaneous narratives of maidens who change into serpents may have influenced the way this virgin saint’s legend was re-...
Jewish, Noble, German, or Peasant? — The Devil in Early Modern Poland
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This study will discuss a selection of the ideas and images of the dev-il prevalent in the Polish lands during the sixteenth, seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, through the prism of Polish witchcraft trials in opposition to early modern Polish literature. The literature includes belles-lettres, encyclopedias, legal treatises and other works, dominated ...
Sexual Encounters with Spirits and Demons in Early Modern Sweden: Popular and Learned Concepts in Conflict and Interaction
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The subject of this essay is the confrontation and interaction between popular traditions and learned doctrines in early modern sweden re-garding the sexual activities of spirits and demons and how it evolved over time. traditional notions were appropriated and redefined by representatives of elite culture, while learned doctrines were appropri-...
Church Demonology and Popular Beliefs in Early Modern Sweden
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The witch-trials in sweden reached their climax around the years 1660–1670. at this time the Devil was considered to be very active, which is reflected in legal sources and in measurements taken by the authori-ties. The aim of this paper is to discuss in what way different groups of society—the authorities, the elite and the popular classes in early ...
Part III Evil Magic and Demons in East European and Asian Folklore
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Saintly and Sympathetic Magic in the Lore of the Jews of Carpatho-Russia Between the Two World Wars
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Jews have lived in Carpatho-russia (or sub-Carpathian ruthenia, at present the western part of the ukraine republic) since the late me-dieval era (Jelinek 2003; gutman 1990, 4, pp. 1472–73). They were as a rule hasidic in a galician fashion (stransky 1971, p. 349), rural, and traditional. however, under the inter-war Czechoslovakian regime and ...
Magic as Reflected in Slovenian Folk Tradition and Popular Healing Today
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...in slovenia, folk traditions related to witchcraft are considerably rich and diverse. according to older sources, wizards and witches were mythological and demonic creatures just like the kresnik, the vedo-mec/benandanti, the lamija, the fairies, etc.; other sources, on the other hand, stress that ordinary people could attain witchcraft as a profession. ...
Categories of the “Evil Dead” in Macedonian Folk Religion
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...in the traditional attitude of the community towards its deceased members of great importance, we can find the notion that they are divided depending on their personal characteristics into categories of pure, suspicious and impure (vaseva 1994, 3. pp. 154–55). The whole ritual and magic behavior of the community is structured and subordi-...
Balkan Demons’ Protecting Places
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...my paper is about folk beliefs reflecting images of the so-called “lower mythology.” among various types of demons belonging to this “lower mythology,” i will focus on demons protecting places because of their specific character in the ethnocultural traditions of the balkans. The demons to be discussed have various names, features and functions, ...
Demons of Fate in Macedonian Folk Beliefs
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The belief in fate is widely present in macedonian folk beliefs and folk narrative. it is believed that people’s fate is determined on the third night after their birth. existence in this world begins with birth, while the period until birth is a time of non-existence or an existence of some other kind, which is the opposite of this world and is expressed in the ...
Gog and Magog in the Slovenian Folk Tradition
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...in 1882 an article on national folk traditions was published in Kres, a Klagenfurt monthly, which contained a legend entitled “The great Wall of China,” recorded in the tolmin area (nW slovenia) by Fonovski. The Chinese were at war with the neighboring king. at that time, peace between them and their neighbors. god ordered the apostles ...
Systematization of the Concept of Demonic and Evil in Mongolian Folk Religion
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...being a part of an ongoing project dealing with the new interpretation of the mongolian mythology, this paper is an attempt to offer a kind of systematization of the phenomenon of evil and the demonic in mon-golian folk religion. ritual and folklore texts of different mongolian peoples, travelers’ notes, and field work materials collected since the ...
List of Contributors
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This is the second volume of a series of three, containing seventeenessays of altogether forty-three articles based on the topics of the inter-disciplinary conference held on "Demons, spirits, and witches" inBudapest. Recognized historians, ethnologists, folklorists coming fromfour continents present the latest research findings on the relationship,...
Page Count: 294
Publication Year: 2006
Series Title: Demons, Spirits, Witches
Series Editor Byline: 2