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The Demise of Yugoslavia

A Political Memoir

By Stipe Mesic

Publication Year: 2004

A political memoir by Stipe Mesic, the last president of the former Yugoslav Federation, and key witness to the chain of events that would send the Balkan empire toppling, aided by notable figures like Slobodan Miloševic.

Published by: Central European University Press

Cover, Title Page

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p. 1-1


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pp. 2-7


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pp. vii-viii

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pp. 1-17

I was not only a witness, but a participant in the process of dissociation from twice-created Yugoslavia, once known as the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (“Three tribes of the same people”). It later became the Kingdom...

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The Headless State: May 15–June 27, 1991

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pp. 19-56

At midnight on May 15, 1991, I was to assume the position as president of...

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Sovereign, Independent Croatia: May 28–June 30, 1991

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pp. 57-92

It was two men with the first name Jacques that brought me to Belgrade on May 29, 1991. The first was Jacques Santer, Luxembourg’s president and current EC president. The second was Jacques Delors, the chair of the EC’s Executive...

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Belated Election of the Constitutional President: July 1–4, 1991

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pp. 93-124

The European trio—Jacques Poos, Gianni De Michelis, and Hans van den Broek, arrived in Belgrade once again. They came by two airplanes on the evening of June 30 to oversee what we had not been able to do ourselves...

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The Joint Brioni Declaration: July 5–12, 1991

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pp. 125-167

I was continuously in contact with Zagreb, and with acquaintances and governments from other towns across Croatia, but I was growing more concerned. My anxiety was increased by a letter from Croatian Prime...

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Futile Cries for Peace: July 13–August 6, 1991

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pp. 169-222

I scheduled the 126th Presidency session in Veliki Brijun. That way we insured the presence of the gentlemen from Ljubljana...

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Serbia Angry at the World: August 7–22, 1991

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pp. 223-256

In its increasing isolation from the international community, Serbia had no choice but to accept the decisions on cease-fire and armistice, as the Army formally did even though they were never adhered to. The same happened with decisions...

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EC Declaration: Serbia and YPA as Aggressors: August 23–September 2, 1991

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pp. 257-292

The Presidency’s decisions on August 20–21 were well received by the world, but many of our ambassadors in Europe—as we heard from SFRY’s Ambassador to Germany, Boris Frlec—were informed that “it was not so much the decisions...

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Peace Conference at The Hague: September 3–7, 1991

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pp. 293-319

The basic facts outlined in the Cease-fire Agreement had little or no bearing on the violence that continued to rage in Croatia. Written into Ceasefire Agreement was the “cessation of all use of force, all armed formations and all persons...

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Army out of Control: September 8–22, 1991

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pp. 321-352

I returned from The Hague believing we had made strong strides toward an internationally recognized, sovereign, and independent Croatia. At the same time, Serbia, with its “Army of brotherhood and unity” made an even more visible step...

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A Criminal Army Loses Its State: September 23–October 10, 1991

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pp. 353-367

Internationally speaking, things were moving slowly but visibly. Although my letter to the UN Security Council lacked unity with the entire SFRY Presidency, and was thus considered unofficial, it did prompt the Security Council to hold a meeting...

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Dubrovnik: An Estuary of Conscience: October 11–November 3, 1991

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pp. 369-396

The second Hague cease-fire agreement, which had been accepted by...

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Ravaged Yugoslavia Formally Disappears: November 4–December 5, 1991

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pp. 397-417

I was beyond shaken and disturbed by the destruction of Croatian cities, particularly Dubrovnik, and tired of waiting for the world to do something that would give us respite from the nightmare. I returned to Zagreb and was forced...

Chronology of Events

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pp. 419-422

E-ISBN-13: 9786155053870
Print-ISBN-13: 9789639241718

Page Count: 432
Publication Year: 2004

Edition: 1st