Media, Nationalism and European Identities
Publication Year: 2011
Published by: Central European University Press
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Table of Contents
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Six Communicative Deficits in the European Union
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The central question of this book and at the same time the fundamental question at the heart of the European Project, as the European Union is often called, is as follows: can this top-down, elite-led process make further progress without the added impetus of greater unity also in the sphere of social consciousness and ultimately culture which...
Section 1: The European Public Sphere and European Integration
Chapter 1: Transnationalization/Europeanization of the Public Sphere/s
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This chapter is not devoted primarily to the developments that may lead or do lead to a genuine European public sphere, or that may or do prevent its formation. My main interest is rather in conceptual modifications, innovations and aberrations—or more generally, attempts at deconstructing and reconstructing the concepts of publicness and the...
Chapter 2: What is Europe? Geographies of Journalism
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The extraordinary political changes of the last decade were but the visible element of a massive re-organization of European power geometry in which all the countries were forced to seek their place in a new setting. 1 An enlarged European Union saw its border shift a considerable distance eastwards, as it simultaneously began to negotiate its southern...
Chapter 3: Media Representations of EU Matters in National Media Systems: The Hungarian Case
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It has become commonplace to say that European citizens look for and receive information about the European Union in general, as well as about European events, policy issues and debates in particular, overwhelmingly from national media sources. In national media, European matters are discussed—when they are discussed at all—foremost in a...
Chapter 4: Pan-European Media: Attempts and Limitations
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With institutions patterned on those of federal states on the one hand, and a system of multilevel governance that includes 27 national governments representing peoples who speak 23 official languages on the other, the European Union’s avenues for political communication are presented with great challenges, calling into question the success of the...
Chapter 5: Aiding Integration and Identity: The Unfulfilled Roles and Functions of the Romani Media in Eastern Europe
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Nationalism and ethnic particularism remain relevant in all the Eastern European countries that have embarked on varied processes of democratization after communism’s collapse in 1989, including those that have acceded to European Union (EU) membership.1 Kupchan’s (1995:1) now 13-year-old pronouncement that “In Europe’s east, nationalism...
Section 2: National and Transnational Identities
Chapter 6: The Media and Nationalism, East and West:A Revision of Existing Debates
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The upsurge of nationalisms and nation-state-building projects across Eastern Europe2 in the 1990s gave rise to a veritable industry of media monitoring and criticisms of hate speech, as well as numerous insightful case studies. However, apart from a handful of exceptions, the amassed literature available in English3 has done little in the way of...
Chapter 7: The Politics of Belonging: Identity Anxiety in the European Union
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Questions of identity and its relationship with location, space, time and memory, are crucially important in today’s fragmented world of ethnic conflict, guest-worker migration and the widespread displacement of large numbers of people who become refugees, all needing cultural space (as well as, of course, physical and economic space) for forms of...
Chapter 8: European Media and the Culture of Europeanness
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This chapter offers a discussion of contemporary European media and their cultural impact that may be helpful for considering the contemporary dynamics of the cultural production of Europe and Europeanness more generally. We take as our point of departure how European media cultures remain oddly out of step with dominant trends of supranational...
Chapter 9: Pan-European, National, Regional and Minority Identities in the Eurovision Song Contest
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Media event, intergenerational ritual or clever post-modern joke; an annual forum where nations tell each other about themselves, and themselves about each other; the imagined space where Yugoslavia remains united and the Iron Curtain still stands; a pan-European public election that once crowned a transgendered Israeli; and overall, the...
Section 3: European Media Policy: Boon or Barrier to European Integration?
Chapter 10: European Melting Pots? European Integration and EU Audiovisual Policy at a Crossroads
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The European Union and its previous incarnations have always faced a major dilemma of how to provide a more stable and deeply-rooted foundation first for economic, and later, for political integration. The fundamental question at the heart of the European Project has always been: can this top-down, elite-led process make further progress and...
Chapter 11: Which Frontiers for EU Media Policy: An Assessment in the context of the European Project
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The project of European integration was initially conceived as a strategic security project based on economic trade. More than fifty years have passed since the signing of the Treaty of Paris in 1951, establishing the European Coal and Steel Community. Today, nobody would dispute that the idea of European integration has evolved to encompass much wider...
Chapter 12: The Clash of Resonance: Media Pluralism in European Regulatory Policies
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Media pluralism has been widely used in European media policies as a valuable normative concept rather than a category for regular measurement and monitoring. It has mostly generated a consensus over its merits and importance for the democratic processes and identity formation at the European level. These processes are closely related to...
Chapter 13: Digital Television and the Search for Content
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Digital Television (DTV) offers the potential to overcome some of the limitations of analogue television, such as spectrum scarcity and picture interference. The availability of bandwidth allows viewers access to hundreds of channels, each aiming at specific market segments and each catering to specific interests. For some (Gilder, 1992; Negroponte,...
List of Contributors
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Page Count: 438
Publication Year: 2011