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Ten Years After

A History of Roma School Desegregation in Central and Eastern Europe

Edited by Iulius Rostas

Publication Year: 2012

The volume presents the results collated in the frames of the fact finding project led by the editor. The analysis includes the examination of a large number of legal documents and policy statements issued by national authorities and the international community on the matter. A critical overview is also made about the various Roma-specific political campaigns on national and European scale. The second half of the book contains interviews with activists that assumed a leading role in school desegregation. These testimony pieces have been critically reviewed by educational and policy analysts from the concerned countries.

Published by: Central European University Press

Title page

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Copyright page

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Foreword

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pp. vii-ix

The Roma people of Central and Eastern Europe have long been the victims of systemic discrimination, segregation and social marginalization. A movement to . . .

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Acknowledgements

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pp. xi-xii

The writing of this book was possible due to the support of dedicated people. I initiated this project together with Mihai Surdu and Marius Taba. Mihai and Marius . . .

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About the Roma Education Fund

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p. xiii-xiii

In the face of widespread and persistent segregation against Roma in schools, classrooms, and society at large, the Roma Education Fund offers grants, programs, . . .

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Introduction

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pp. 1-4

The number of Roma in Europe is estimated by the Council of Europe at between eight to twelve million, most of them living in Central and Eastern Europe. Estimates . . .

PART I

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CHAPTER ONE Institutional Responses to Segregation:The Role of Governments and Non-Governmental Organizations

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pp. 7-48

In one of the pioneering texts on the issue of Roma education, Jean Pierre Liégeois comments on the value of education to Roma . . .

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CHAPTER TWO Setting the Roma Policy Agenda:The Role of International Organizations in Combating School Segregation

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pp. 49-90

One important strategy employed by Roma and human rights activists to fight against segregation and to promote desegregation in Central and Eastern Europe . . .

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CHAPTER THREE Judicial Policy Making: The Role of the Courts in Promoting School Desegregation

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pp. 92-127

Historically, courts played an important role in shaping public policies. Some authors define this process as “judicial policy making” consisting of “a choice . . .

PART II

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Interview with Rumyan Russinov from Bulgaria

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pp. 131-144

Question: Thank you very much for agreeing to an interview. We have been talking with Romani activists at the forefront of the desegregation process in . . .

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The Politics and Reality of Romani School Desegregation in Bulgaria

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pp. 145-163

The idea of the desegregation of Romani education in Eastern Europe originated in Bulgaria. There are at least two reasons for this: the first is the extent of . . .

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Interview with Ivan Vesely from the Czech Republic

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pp. 165-177

Question: Let's start with the education of Roma during communism. What was the education of Roma like . . .

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Education Policies in the Czech Republic

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pp. 179-195

In 1997, the de facto existence of ethnic segregation in the Czech school system was brought before the Constitutional Court of the Czech Republic. This segregation . . .

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Interview with Viktória Mohácsi from Hungary

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pp. 197-215

Question: My first questions are about how the authorities in Hungary dealt with minority education in the transition period. Were there schools and . . .

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Roma School Desegregation Policies in Hungary

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pp. 217-265

The Hungarian public education system does not provide equal opportunities irrespective of race or cultural background. Moreover, the educational system is . . .

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Interview with Costel Bercus from Romania

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pp. 267-282

Question: Let us start the discussion with the issue of Roma education under communism and in the transition period. What was the education of Roma . . .

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Roma School Desegregation Policies in Romania

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pp. 283-302

In education, the best words to describe any progress are “not enough,” and, when talking about school desegregation, there is plenty of room for improvement. . . .

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Interview with Klára Orgovánová from Slovakia

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pp. 303-316

Question: Looking at your career, you have been involved in quite a number of . . .

School Desegregation Policies in Slovakia

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pp. 317-340

PART III

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Conclusion

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pp. 343-366

This is not the history some readers may have expected. It is not focused on events, dates or characters. It is the history of a process that began ten years ago . . .

List of Contributors

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pp. 367-370

Index

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pp. 371-377

Back Cover

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E-ISBN-13: 9786155053337
Print-ISBN-13: 9786155053139

Page Count: 394
Publication Year: 2012