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A Pragmatic Alliance

Jewish-Lithuanian political cooperation at the beginning of the 20th century

Edited by Vladas Sirutavičius, Darius Staliūnas

Publication Year: 2011

Discusses the political cooperation between Jews and Lithuanians in the Tsarist Empire from the last decades of the 19th century until the early 1920s. These years saw the transformation of both Jewish and Lithuanian political life. Within the Jewish community, the previously dominant integrationists were now challenged both by those who believed that the Jews were not a religious but an ethnic or proto-nationalist group and those who believed that only with the abolition of capitalism and the establishment of a socialist state would Jewish integration be possible. Among the Lithuanians, the emergence of a modern national identity became increasingly prevalent.

Published by: Central European University Press

Title Page, Copyright Page

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Table of Contents

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pp. v

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Editors’ Introduction

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pp. 1-18

The issue of political relations of Lithuanians and Jews in modern times has received little attention from researchers.1 The ethnocentric view that prevailed in Lithuanian historiography for a long time did not leave much space for the history of other national...


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pp. 19-227

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Lithuanian Jewry and the Lithuanian National Movement

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pp. 21-44

It is fascinating to note that there are virtually no references to the Lithuanian national movement or to the idea of the possible establishment of an independent Lithuanian state in the pre–World War I history of Lithuanian Jewry. In the wide range of contemporary...

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Collaboration of Lithuanians and Jews during the Elections to the First and the Second Dumas

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pp. 45-75

At the end of the nineteenth and beginning of the twentieth century the nature of political activity was undergoing transformations on the western borderlands of the Russian empire. Specifically, elitist methods were replaced by mass politics...

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Lithuanians in Jewish Politics of the Late Imperial Period

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pp. 77-118

At the beginning of the twentieth century, one of the most important centers of Jewish politics in the Russian empire was situated in Vilnius, nowadays the capital of the independent Lithuanian state. Surprisingly, the Lithuanians occupied only a marginal place...

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Lithuania? But Which? The Changing Political Attitude of the Jewish Political Elite in East Central Europe toward Emerging Lithuania, 1915–1919

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pp. 119-157

A Jewish folktale tells of a meeting between Dr. Shimshon Rosenboim (1859–1934), head of the delegation of the newly born Lithuanian Republic to negotiations with the Soviets, and Adolph Joffe (1883–1927), head of the Soviet...

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The Zionist Priorities in the Struggle for Lite,1916–1918

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pp. 159-180

The viewpoint that the Lithuanian Jewish community should not be considered an indivisible unit with an unchangeable agenda is slowly taking root in Lithuanian historiography. Lithuanian historians notice often that the changing geopolitical and socio-economic situation...

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Lithuanian Administration and the Participation of Jews in the Elections to the Constituent Seimas

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pp. 181-205

The issue of the elections to the Constituent Seimas—one of the most important institutions of the modern, national, and democratic Lithuanian state—has not received enough discussion in Lithuanian historiography. The problem of...

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Between Poland and Lithuania: Jews and the Vilnius Question, 1918–1925

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pp. 207-227

World War I and the early 1920s were a very turbulent period for East- Central Europe and the city known as Vilna, Wilno, and Vilnius.1 This chapter focuses on one aspect of the city’s history during these years: the position of Vilnius Jews between...

Documents from Archives

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pp. 229-270

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The Lithuanian-Jewish Political Dialogue in Petrograd in 1917

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pp. 231-243

The document published herein is an important source for Lithuanian- Jewish political collaboration during World War I.1 The earlier historiography, while analyzing the collaboration of various political groups representing these two nationalities...

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Documents on the Lithuanian Council of 1918 in the Central Zionist Archive in Jerusalem

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pp. 245-256

The formation of the Lithuanian Council has long belonged to the field of the nationalist or class-related narrative. The official historiography of interwar Lithuania gave rise to a pompous narrative that extolled the will of the Lithuanian nation and patriotism...

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The Lithuanian Zionist Conference, Vilnius, 5–8 December 1918

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pp. 257-270

During its first session on 24 September 1917, the Lithuanian Provisional Council decided to invite representatives of national minorities to its presidium, and a month later, on 17 October it was decided that the minorities themselves should elect these...

Name Index

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pp. 271-274

Back Cover

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E-ISBN-13: 9786155053184
Print-ISBN-13: 9786155053177

Page Count: 282
Publication Year: 2011