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Global Exchanges and Gender Perspectives in Africa

Jean-Bernard Ouedraogo, Roseline M. Achieng

Publication Year: 2011

The global perspectives adopted in this volume by the authors, from different academic disciplines and social experiences, ought not to be locked in sterile linearity which within process of globalisation would fail to perceive, the irreversible opening up of the worlds of the south. There is the need within the framework of the analyses presented here, to quite cogently define the sense of the notion of the market. The market here does not refer to saving or the localised exchange of goods, a perspective which is imposed by normative perceptions. In fact, a strictly materialistic reading of exchange would be included, since every social practice and interaction implies a communitarian transaction; meanwhile the exchange system under study here broadens to root out the obligation of the maximisation of mercantile profit from the cycle of exchange. Trade here would have a meaning closer to those of old, one of human interaction, in a way that one could also refer to ìbon commerceî between humans. In one way, trade places itself at the heart of social exchanges, included the power of money, and is carried along by a multitude of social interactions. The reader is called upon to take into account the major mercantile formations of the social trade system, the market society, without forgetting the diversity of exchange routes as well as the varying modalities of social construction, at the margins and within market logics ñ those of implicit value in trade between humans ñ which the texts herein also seek to review. The age-old project of restructuring the domestic economy, the market society as it has developed in the West, ñ whence it has set out to conquer the whole wide world ñ places at the very centre of the current capitalist expansion the challenge of imperatively reshaping gender identity, inter alia, in market relations.

Published by: African Books Collective

Title Page

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Copyright Page

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Contents

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pp. v-vi

Notes on Contributors

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pp. vii-x

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1. Introduction: Gender in a Global Market Society

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pp. 1-12

The classical liberal ideology does not seem to draw any significant distinctions between men and women when they engage in commercial transactions that sanction the unevenness of the product without really factoring in the social status of the trading partners. It apparently does not consider that the individual, homo oeconomicus, whose conduct, viewed from the standpoint of the minimum...

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2. The Difference in the System of the Self: A Philosophical Contribution to the Gender Approach

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pp. 13-42

The place given to the difference between the sexes is a ‘blind spot’ in the teaching of philosophy, as it is in the history of ideas in general. Philosophical language is the language most strongly marked by the masculine. The ‘major writers’ or the ‘major systems’ are studied, but no attention is paid to the positions they have taken on questions concerning this matter. With many philosophers, an...

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3. "Celebrating" the female Body in Global Trade: Fashion, Media and Music in Kenya

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pp. 43-70

As we settle our intellectual nerves into the cockpit of the 21st century, there is probably no terminology which attracts so much scholarly attention as globalization. The term may mean many things to many people. Nevertheless, whichever way one looks at it, globalization signifies certain fundamental principles. For example, the rule of multinational corporations and the dwindling powers of national-states...

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4. The Impact of Globalization on Women Peasants and Traders in Nigeria's Delta Region (1986-2002)

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pp. 71-94

This study is an attempt to demonstrate how the dynamics of globalization have heightened the contradictions generated by the oil industry over the last 47 years in the oil-rich Niger Delta, and the impact of these on female peasants and traders between 1986 and 2002. In the Niger Delta women are the backbone of the communities and they also constitute over 50 per cent of the population. Although...

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5. Globalization and the Question of Women Smugglers in East Africa: Observations of a Cross Kenya-Uganda Boundary (1980-2002)

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pp. 95-114

To many people, globalization has meant a wide range of complex and contradictory processes and a phenomena characterizing contemporary history. It has become a powerful but malleable metaphor that accommodates widely divergent theoretical, empirical, and ideological paradigms, positions, and possibilities. For its triumphalist supporters, globalization is celebrated as...

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6. Gender and Fair Trade in Cameroon

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pp. 115-128

Trade is indispensable for the cohesion of any society since it involves the exchange of goods and services between natural persons and corporate bodies. However today, the producer and the consumer are not well informed of the manner in which international trade is conducted: the producer does not know the destination of his product and the consumer does not know the true origin of the product...

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7. Trade and Information Systems: The Case of Wrap Sellers in Brazzaville (Congo)

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pp. 129-152

Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs), which developed in advanced countries in the 1980s, now represent one of the main vectors of globalisation. These technologies (digitalisation, the Internet and mobile telephones) have led to a new era of interdependence among networks, which have transformed the worlds of creation, dissemination and the use of technology...

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8. The Role of Social Capital in the Establishment and Sustenance of Women's MIcro-businesses: A Case Study of Butere-Mumias District, Kenya

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pp. 153-178

In the fast globalizing world, the importance of raising women’s productivity is increasingly being recognized as a critical element in overall poverty reduction and achievement of sustained growth in many developing countries. Globalization as a defining process of the world today has created both opportunities and constraints and, therefore, raised both hope and disillusionment among...

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9. Gender, Trade Liberalization and the Multilateral Trading System: Towards an African Perspective

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pp. 179-202

The gender dimensions of trade policies and institutions have attracted increased attention from different stakeholders, including activists and researchers. Most of the attention has focused on the impact of trade policies in terms of income and formal employment, and most of the analyses have been done by researchers from the North, on the basis of data that include a minority of African country...

Back Cover

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E-ISBN-13: 9782869785267
Print-ISBN-13: 9782869784888

Page Count: 212
Publication Year: 2011