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Masculinities in Contemporary Africa

Egodi Uchendu

Publication Year: 2009

Although gender and non-gender scholars have studied men, such an academic exercise requires a critical and focused study of masculine subjects in particular social contexts, which is what this book attempts to do. This empirically rich collection of essays, the seventh of the CODESRIA Gender Series, deals with critical examinations of various shades and ramifications of Africa's masculinities and what these portend for the peoples of Africa and for gender relations in the continent. So much has changed in terms of notions and expressions of masculinities in Africa since ancient times, but many aspects of contemporary masculinities were fashioned during and since the colonial period. The papers in this volume were initially discussed at the 2005 month-long CODESRIA Gender Institute in Dakar. The contributors are gender scholars drawn from various disciplines in the wide fields of the humanities and the social sciences with research interests in the critical study of men and masculinities in Africa. The CODESRIA Gender Series aims at keeping alive and nourishing the African social science knowledge base with insightful research and debates that challenge conventional wisdom, structures and ideologies that are narrowly informed by caricatures of gender realities. The series strives to showcase the best in African gender research and provide a platform for emerging new talents to flower.

Published by: African Books Collective

Front Cover / Page de couverture

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p. c-c

Title Page / Page de titre

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p. i-i

Copyright Page / Page des droits d'auteur

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Contents / Sommaire

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pp. iii-iv

Acknowledgement

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pp. v-vi

Notes on Contributors

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pp. vii-x

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Chapter 1 - Introduction Are African Males Men? Sketching African Masculinities

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pp. 12-17

The Boy Scouts’ founder’s view of African men and, by inference, expressions of masculinity on the African continent, seen in the first quote follows the Eurocentric and colonial tradition of regarding Africans as lacking in almost every virtue. Nineteenth- and early twentieth-century European traders,...

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Chapter 2 - Studying Men in Africa Critically

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pp. 18-33

How vital is it to study men? My purpose in this study is to show that it is as essential to investigate a Mopedi or Sudanese man (as instances) as one of the Bapedi ethnic group or the Sudanese nation as it is to look at them as men of the Bapedi and men in Sudan. It is equally important to study a man as a part of the group called men as is to study them as ethnic or national subjects....

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Chapter 3 - Masculinity and Ritual Violence: A Study of Bullfighting among the Luhyia of Western Kenya

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pp. 34-53

Gender relations are constructed in terms of the relations of power and dominance that determine the opportunities and circumstances of both men and women. Nevertheless, gender research in Africa has tended to focus only on women. This skewed attention has given rise to the popular but fallacious attitude that gender issues are synonymous with women’s issues. This study demonstrates...

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Chapter 4 - The Masculine Discursive Construction of Rape in the Kenyan Press

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pp. 54-72

Rape is an act where the victim is violently forced into sexual activity against his or her will. In this study, rape is viewed as an act of brutal sexual domination by men over women. Broadly speaking, it can be vaginal, anal, oral or penetration with an object, and rape can take place even when the victim is asleep or in a...

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Chapitre 5 - La Masculinité au Maroc entre Traditions, Modernité et Intégrisme

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pp. 73-87

« Dans de nombreuses cultures, les hommes se battent quotidiennement pour se prouver à eux-mêmes et aux autres qu’ils sont qualifiés d’appartenir à la catégorie estimée de mâle. Ne pas être homme, c’est être réduit au statut de femme, ou pire c’est être pédéraste » (Heise 1997 : 411-434). Cette citation opère trois distinctions fondamentales : entre le mâle et l’homme, entre la catégorie « estimée »...

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Chapitre 6 - La Formation la Masculinité entre la Tradition et la Modernité (le cas du sud du Togo)

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pp. 88-109

La formation de la masculinité, en tant que catégorie sociale, s’effectue au cours du processus de la socialisation des enfants. Depuis la fin de la Seconde Guerre mondiale, ce processus traverse des mutations accélérées dues aux changements socio-économiques et culturels continentaux et mondiaux. L’économie de marché, l’urbanisation croissante, la scolarisation massive de la jeune génération, la...

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Chapter 7 - White Men: An Exploration of Intersections of Masculinity, Whiteness and Colonialism and the Engagement of Counter-Hegemonic Projects

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pp. 110-132

This study presents the case for the study of white masculinities in South Africa. White men, long seen as hampering gender and race transformation in South Africa, are seen here as engaged as potential allies in an exercise which, while locating whiteness and masculinity in a particular history, allows for the notion of multiple masculinities and whitenesses, and for alternative ways of being a man...

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Chapitre 8 - L’État moderne africain et le patriarcat public

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pp. 133-162

L’État en tant que société politique est un phénomène récent. Né en Europe au XVIe siècle, il a été imposé au reste de la planète à travers la colonisation. Une fois que nous admettons cette altérité, une question nous vient à l’esprit : quels sont les fondements de l’État moderne africain ? À ce niveau, il est bon de rappeler avec Thomas Hodkin (1966 : 54-55) que l’Afrique à la fin du XIXe siècle, à...

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Chapter 9 - Men’s Role in Persistent Rural Poverty: Lessons from Kenya

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pp. 163-176

Masculinities can be described as methods that men use to justify their superior and exploitative positions in any society. In hegemonic masculinities, men’s power has been legitimized to reproduce social relationships that generate their dominance. This legitimacy is normalized through culture and gendered social responsibilities...

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Chapter 10 - Student Fathers and the Challengue to Masculinities in Kenyan Universities

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pp. 177-190

The increasing presence of students who are parents in universities and parents who become students in universities poses a challenge to educators and to the institutional policies and practices of the traditional university set-up. In Kenya, there has been both an increased demand for university education and an increase in the number of universities as a result of a policy of liberalization and...

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Chapter 11 - The Interaction of Gender and Migration: Household Relations in Rural and Urban Mozambique

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pp. 191-208

The concept of migration has in the past been applied to two related but different indicators of population mobility: people in movement, and people as movers (Gould 1994; Oberai 1987). The concept of movement views migration as an event much like birth and death, while the concept of movers treats migration as a transition of status analogous to a change in marital or employment status (Gould 1994;...

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Chapter 12 - ‘Lifting the Cloak on Manhood’: Coverage of Xhosa Male Circumcision in the South African Press

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pp. 209-228

Periods of change such as the post-apartheid dispensation in South Africa offer the possibility of marginalized discourses to gain influence (Epstein 1998). For Epstein (1998), the formation of new versions of masculinity is a key part of reshaping post-apartheid South Africa. However, as the above quotation illustrates, the initiation rite performed by some black ethnic groups is not only evidence of...

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Chapitre 13 - Ordre masculin, violences politiques et initiatives féminines pour la paix au Congo Brazzaville de 1991 à 1999

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pp. 229-247

Les années 1990 sont des années tout à fait particulières dans l’histoire du monde en général, de l’Afrique et du Congo en particulier. Le monde, qui avait évolué depuis la fin de la Seconde Guerre mondiale sur la base de la bipolarité Est- Ouest, va connaître une remise en cause à la fin des années 1980 et au début des...

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Chapitre 14 - Corps et beauté : représentations et enjeux. Socio-anthropologie de la construction binaire: Masculin/Féminin. Le cas de l’étudiante algérienne

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pp. 248-266

Dans cette modeste étude, nous allons parler du « corps » en tant que phénomène social, ajusté par les chercheurs afin de résoudre l’énigme du lien social. Pour ce faire, il serait question de comprendre à travers l’analyse l’acheminement de la genèse du concept « corps » en sciences sociales et d’une manière...

Back Cover / Page de quartrieme

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p. bc-bc


E-ISBN-13: 9782869784123
Print-ISBN-13: 9782869782273

Page Count: 280
Publication Year: 2009