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Children and Youth in the Labour Process in Africa

Osita Agbu

Publication Year: 2009

It is increasingly clear that children and the youth today play a significant role in the labour process in Africa. But, to what extent is this role benign? And when and why does this role become exploitative rather than beneficial? This book on children and the youth in Africa sets out to address these questions. The book observes that in Africa today, children are under pressure to work, often engaged in the worst forms of child labour and therefore not living out their role as children. It argues that the social and economic environment of the African child is markedly different from what occurs elsewhere, and goes further to challenge all factors that have combined in stripping children of their childhood and turning them into instruments and commodities in the labour process. It also explains the sources, dynamics, magnitude and likely consequences of the exploitation of children and the youth in contemporary Africa. The book is an invaluable contribution to the discourse on children, while the case studies are aimed at creating more awareness about the development problems of children and the youth in Africa, with a view to evolving more effective national and global responses.

Published by: African Books Collective

Title Page

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Copyright Page

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Contents

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pp. iii-

Contributors

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pp. iv-

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1. Introduction: Children and Youth in the Labour Process

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pp. 6-9

Among the many problems facing the African continent is that of ensuring that the African child has a meaningful future. But for us to even begin to imagine this future implies the necessity of understanding the plight of children and the youth in Africa today...

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2. Child Labour in Contemporary Africa: Issues and Challenges

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pp. 11-20

In Africa, children have always been involved in one form of domestic work or the other, oftentimes not necessarily exploitative and therefore not worrisome. However, in the Africa of today, it appears that children and the youth generally have been sucked into a world...

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3. Getting Them Young: Child Labour in Ikot Ekpene from a Historical Perspective

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pp. 21-34

Much has been written about child labour from various parts of the world, so, it is not a new area of study. However, despite the proliferation of scholarly and nonscholarly work on the subject, the phenomenon still remains to be fully grasped, a clear indication of its complexity...

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4. Economic Crises and Child Trafficking in Nigeria: A Comparative Analysis of the 1930s and 1990s

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pp. 35-61

Arising out of debates over child trafficking and economic crises, this study compares two experiences of child trafficking during economic crises in Nigeria in the 1930s and 1990s. Under pervasive economic regimes children of marginalized social groups became targets...

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5. Children Exploitation in the Labour Process: Empirical Exposition from Ile-Ife, Nigeria

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pp. 63-80

Engaging children in economic activities is a contextual issue. In a typical African setting, for instance, children are normally socialized into work. In this context, it is commonly perceived that through such a process, work culture and tradition are sustained...

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6. Internal Child Trafficking in Nigeria: Transcending Legal Borders

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pp. 81-110

This report reveals one of the greatest challenges facing children in a globalized world. Trafficking today is a global phenomenon as children are trafficked to and from all regions of the world. About 1.2 million children are trafficked without any gender distinction for various purposes...

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7. Le Phénomène ‘Vidomégon’: une autre forme de Traffic d’Enfant dans la ville de Cotono

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pp. 111-132

La question du trafic et de l’asservissement des enfants n’est pas nouvelle dans le contexte socioéconomique béninois. Mais elle est devenue préoccupante au cours de ces deux dernières décennies, parce que les enfants sont utilisés à des fins lucratives. L’étude, au-delà de la simple...

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8. Problématique du Travail des Enfants et les Stratégies de Survie au Congo Brazzaville

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pp. 133-150

Le Congo Brazzaville connaît actuellement une situation fortement marquée par les effets des crises socio-économiques et des mutations culturelles d’une part, et d’autre part, par les conséquences des conflits armés de ces dernières années. Cette dynamique interne...

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9. Étude sur le Travail des Enfants dans L’Agriculture: Région de Meknès – Tafilalet, Maroc

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pp. 151-173

L’enfant est placé à la croisée des chemins, il vit sous l’influence de la famille, du milieu géographique et socio-culturel dont il est issu ; la religion, l’histoire lui tracent les normes et le système de valeurs à suivre, l’enseignement qu’il reçoit, les médias auxquels...

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10. Problématique de la Prostitution Infanto-Juvénile à Kinshasa: Cas des ‘Tshel’

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pp. 175-195

La prostitution est une réalité mondiale : elle existe aujourd’hui dans toutes les sociétés, bien que le débat autour de ce sujet embarrasse plus d’une société et semble être un tabou dans certains milieux africains. D’ailleurs, les écrits sur le sujet, surtout s’agissant de la prostitution...

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11. Enfants et jeunes dans le métier de la danse au sein des groupes musicaux modernes à Kinshasa

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pp. 197-223

Le travail des enfants, économique ou contraint, reste une question sociale et politique à cause des préjudices qu’il fait subir « à leur développement mental, physique et émotionnel » (http://www.droitsenfant.com/), mais aussi à l’avenir même d’une nation...

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12. Conclusion

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pp. 225-227

The contents of this volume on children and youth in the labour process in Africa clearly indicate that though children have engaged in work activities in Africa within their communities for centuries, the mode, nature and scope of this engagement in the twenty-first century...

Back Cover

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E-ISBN-13: 9782869783904
Print-ISBN-13: 9782869782518

Page Count: 232
Publication Year: 2009