A Shared Destiny?
Publication Year: 2013
Published by: Presses de l'Université du Québec
Title Page, Copyright
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Table of Contents
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Ontario–Quebec relations have flourished in recent years. Environmental and economic agreements (on infrastructure, trade, investment, labour mobility) have proliferated and joint provincial cabinet meetings were held twice yearly for three years running—2008, 2009, and 2010. Are these closer Ontario–Quebec...
PART ONE Quebec–Ontario Relations From Their Origins Up to Today
1. A Comparative Lookat Federalism and Intergovernmental Relations
François Rocher and Marie-Christine Gilbert
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To understand intergovernmental relations, we must first seek to comprehend the mechanisms by which the different levels of government interact within a federation. It is thus the federation’s organizational principles that are of interest. Such principles are set against a historical background made up of institutional...
2. Intergovernmental Relations between Civil Servants
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In their chapter, Rocher and Gilbert describe the various institutions in Germany, Australia, Belgium, the United States, and Canada that structure intergovernmental relations in these federations. This comparative analysis shows, among other things, that in Canada intergovernmental relations are characterized by what...
3. From the Confederation of Tomorrow to the Patriation of the Constitution
Alain-G. Gagnon and François Laplante-Lévesque
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Quebec–Ontario relations have often been defined by ties of solidarity, especially when the two provinces have confronted the federal government over the distribution of powers. Union National leader Maurice Duplessis (1936–1939, 1944–1959) and Liberal Mitchell Hepburn (1934–1942) were without doubt the...
4. From French Canadian Solidarity to Shattered References
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The current differentiation between Québécois and Franco- Ontarian identities can sometimes lead even the best-intentioned observer to forget that there was a time, not so long ago, when such a distinction between these two groups would have seemed strange and meaningless. This period, characterized by the French...
5. “Ultimate Fighting,” Canadian Style
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The regulation of the financial services sector is inherently political, especially in Canada. The regulation of financial markets, as per most policy fields in Canada, is of divided jurisdiction. The federal government is responsible for chartered banks and parts of the insurance industry. Provinces are responsible for the regulation of...
Part Two Quebec and Ontario Policy A Comparison
6. Distinct Accents
Linda Cardinal and Martin Normand
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In addition to the constitutional requirements imposed on the federal government, Canadian federalism allows the federated states to adopt their own language regimes. Research carried out to date has established major distinctions between the language regimes of Canada and Quebec (e.g., Cardinal 2008; Cardinal and Denault...
7. Family Policy in Ontario and Quebec
Peter Graefe and Angela Orasch
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On October 22, 2008, Parti Québécois leader Pauline Marois was fêted, of all places, in Toronto. The Ontario Coalition for Better Child Care (OCBCC) decided to honour Ms. Marois for being a champion for child care on the occasion of the tenth anniversary of Quebec’s introduction of a universal low-cost child care program....
8. Do They Walk Like They Talk?
Louis M. Imbeau
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Why should we pay attention to what policy makers say? My short answer to this important question is: because they spend most of their time and energy “discoursing,” that is, giving speeches, writing memos, discussing issues, sending messages, etc.; they talk. As Giandomenico Majone rightly reminded us: “[P]ublic ...
9. Quebec, Ontario, and the 2008 Economic Crisis
Moktar Lamari and Louis Côté
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Triggered in the loftiest spheres of the U.S. finance world, the recent economic and financial crisis spread almost instantaneously to the Canadian economy, forcing provincial governments to act quickly and often with little forethought. These spur-of-the-moment decisions did not all have the same effect on controlling the crisis....
10. Parallel Policies
Guy Chiasson, Édith Leclerc, and Catalina Gonzalez Hilarion
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The forestry industry has long been an important driver of economic development in Ontario and Quebec, as in the rest of Canada (Drushka 2003; Howlett 2001; Thorpe and Sandberg 2007). Yet despite the historic importance of forestry in Canada, relatively few studies have examined forestry policy in these two provinces....
11. Quebec and Ontario’s International Relations
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For years now the governments of both Ontario and Quebec have pursued their own foreign policy parallel to that of the federal government, a practice known as paradiplomacy (Paquin 2004; Massart-Piérard 2005; Aldecoa and Keating 1999; Soldatos 1990). In this chapter we argue that paradiplomacy is when a provincial...
12. Game Theory and Intergovernmental Negotiations
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It has often been said that unlike other federations in the world, Canada does not grant its regions a voice in its central institutions. Canadian senators do not represent their home provinces, and although members of the House of Commons do represent their constituencies, they are muzzled by party discipline. Cabinet...
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Page Count: 304
Publication Year: 2013