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Polar Tourism

A Tool for Regional Development

Edited by Alain A. Grenier

Publication Year: 2011

The creation of the Nunavik is a major step forward, both for the Province of Quebec and its Inuit population. Not only does it underline the recognition of the Inuit people and their identity but it also stresses the importance of discussing some fundamental issues regarding the emancipation of the Inuit, their empowerment, the development and management of the northern resources of Quebec, and the protection and conservation of the fragile Nordic ecosystems. Rich in culture and scenery, Nunavik has identified tourism as one of the main and best suited avenue for economic development. But before Nunavik can truly enjoy the benefits of a well established tourism “industry”, many challenges need to be met. The development of tourism in a new destination is not only challenging but it requires human efforts, political and economic will over a large amount of time without much guaranties as to what will work or not.It is in this context that in August 2008, the members of the newly created International Polar Tourism Research Network (IPTRN) came to Kangiqsujjuak, Nunavik, to discuss how tourism can play a role in regional development. The collection of articles presented here is the result of the coming together of a group of polar tourism researchers from around the world, who met in Nunavik - the northernmost part of Quebec, to discuss polar tourism as a tool for regional development. Such a book does not claim to address all issues facing the polar destinations. It is nevertheless a base for reflection. Many of the new emerging regions of the circumpolar world, like the Nunavik, are experimenting with new powers and responsibilities.For scientists, this is an excellent time to assist with the experiences that have been well documented from other Northern, Arctic and polar regions. For tourism, this book is meant to offer a range of perspectives on how challenges can be met and how solutions can be implemented for the benefit of all local interests.

Published by: Presses de l'Université du Québec

Title Page, Copyright

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Acknowledgements

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pp. vii-viii

The editors of this book wish to thank ministère du Développement économique, de l’Innovation et de l’Exportation for its financial support for the 2008 Conference of the International Polar Tourism Research Network, and for the publication...

Table of contents

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pp. ix-xiii

List of figures

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pp. xv-xviii

List of tables

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pp. xix-xxii

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Introduction

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pp. 1-22

From the skies, Nunavik – the northernmost region of Québec – seems like a vast, relatively flat but rocky landmass only coloured by thousands of lakes and rings of lichens (Figure I.1). This remote area of tundra – remote from an outsider point of view – appears endless and uninhabited (Figure I.2). There are no skyscrapers here, no...

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Chapter 1. Polar Tourism Development: Who Benefits?

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pp. 23-60

Polar regions are undergoing profound changes in many respects. One significant agent of change is polar tourism development, which is increasing. As a major global industry tourism is often viewed as a tool for local and regional development. The rapid growth and diversification of polar tourism...

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Chapter 2. Conceptualization of Polar Tourism: Mapping an Experience in the Far Reaches of the Imaginary

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pp. 61-86

Tourism in polar regions takes several forms: observation of wildlife and exceptional sceneries, participation in cultural and sports demonstrations, etc. Most of the Nordic and polar regions are now the object of increasingly popular and numerous touristic quests. Each year, several...

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Chapter 3. Meditative Thinking for Polar Tourism Research and Codes of Ethics

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pp. 87-108

Polar region travel is not a new phenomenon. Historic examples are found among the nomadic routes of Inuit and Sami, or the polar expeditions of Nansen, Rasmussen, Scott, Shackleton, and Mawson (Aporta 2009; Mazzullo and Ingold 2008; Snyder 2007a). The scholarly and...

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Chapter 4. Must We Put Dogsleds on Wheels for the Tourist Season?: Inuit Heritage, Tourism, and Respecting the Community in Kangiqsujuaq

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pp. 109-127

The opening in November 2007 of the permanent exhibition at the Pingualuit National Park Interpretation Centre in Kangiqsujuaq, Nunavik, represents an important stage in the development of northern museums. The product of a network of partners from the North and the South, this...

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Chapter 5. Tourism Development in Europe’s “Last Wilderness”: An Assessment of Nature-Based Tourism in Swedish Lapland

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pp. 129-153

Tourism in peripheral and wilderness areas has been a regular concern of scientific investigation (Brown and Hall 2000; Hall and Boyd 2005; Müller and Jansson 2007b). In this context tourism in the Arctic and sub-Arctic areas has been a matter of particular interest, in view of...

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Chapter 6. The Cree Village Ecolodge: Success through Community Empowerment

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pp. 155-178

Despite marketing campaigns, numerous studies, reports, and research, Aboriginal tourism initiatives in remote regions of Canada and elsewhere remain somewhat enigmatic. Given the growth in Aboriginal tourism and its potential impacts in Northern Canada and other polar tourism...

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Chapter 7. Reinventing Ethnic Identity: A Local Festival as a National Institution on a Global Scene

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pp. 179-206

This chapter is about identity changes related to a festival and tourism in Northern Troms, a coastal Sami area. The festival, called “Riddu Riddu,” has been a yearly event in the locality of Manndalen (in the municipality of Gáivuona; see Figure 7.1) since the early 1990s. The festival has in many...

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Chapter 8. Sustainable Tourism Development in Antarctica: Conceptualization, Perspectives, and Ways Forward

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pp. 207-225

The last two decades have seen a rapid development of tourism in Antarctica with increasing visitor numbers, from a few hundred to almost 45,000 (IAATO 2008), and a diversifying supply of transport modes and activities. After an initial period of slow growth, tourism development took...

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Chapter 9. Polar Tourist Experiences: Challenges and Possibilities for Transmodern Tourism

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pp. 227-250

In western society, polar regions are conceptualized as the last great terrestrial wilderness, symbolizing remoteness, extreme conditions, and environmental vulnerability. This image has attracted not only explorers and natural scientists but also an increasing number of special-interest...

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Conclusion: Polar Tourism for Regional Development?

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pp. 251-255

Tourism in peripheral areas, which include the sub-polar and polar areas of the globe, is often promoted as a response to economic downturn in other industries and as a way of promoting endogenous growth (Jenkins et al. 1998). Although tourism development has shown advancement...

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List of contributors

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pp. 257-260

Bas Amelung is a researcher at the Environmental Systems Analysis Group (ESA) at Wageningen University and Research Centre (WUR), the Netherlands. He received his Ph.D. from Maastricht University in the Netherlands in March 2006 with a study on the linkages between climate change...

Index

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pp. 261-270


E-ISBN-13: 9782760525368
Print-ISBN-13: 9782760525351

Page Count: 296
Publication Year: 2011

Research Areas

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Subject Headings

  • Tourism -- Polar regions.
  • Sustainable tourism -- Polar regions.
  • Community development -- Polar regions.
  • Polar regions -- Economic conditions.
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