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Quebec under Free Trade : Making Public Policy in North America

Guy Lachapelle

Publication Year: 2011

Quebec has undertaken a major policy change in recent years to meet the challenges posed by the emerging structure of a continental economy. Quebecers are ready to meet these challenges and regard the future with optimism. This book explores some of these issues looking from the historical, political, social, and economic dimensions posed by transnationalism and greater interdependence.

Published by: Presses de l'Université du Québec

Title Page, Copyright

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pp. ix-x

For many years, one spoke of "North Americ'' with great reluctance in Anglophone Canada. The term signaled an accommodation with the temptations of continentalism and the fatal elephantine embrace. For French Quebecers, however, the reemergence of national self-consciousness has also meant the rediscovery...

Partie 1. Quebec in the North American Economy: Historical, Political, Social and Economic Dimensions

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pp. 1

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1. Quebec under Free Trade: Between Interdependence and Transnationalism

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pp. 3-23

Since Quebec’s overwhelming support of the 1988 free trade agreement with the United States, the animosities between Canada’s two nations have intensified. While English Canadians and English Quebecers expressed their adamant opposition to the Free Trade Agreement (FTA) prior to its endorsement...

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2. Quebec in North America: Historical and Socio-Political Dimensions

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pp. 25-47

Nationalism is defined as an "ideological movement for the attainment and maintenance of autonomy, cohesion and individuality for a social group deemed by some of its members to constitute an actual or potential nation" (Smith, 1976 : 1). A nation exists where a significant number of people consider themselves to be...

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3. Quebec International Trade: Trade with American Regions

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pp. 49-78

Quebec’s economic development and trade flows have evolved and will continue to evolve under the influence of many factors, including the technological and organizational changes which accompany the process of economic integration; trade liberalization agreements such as the General Agreement on Tariffs...

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4. Quebec and Its Canadian Partners: Economic Relationships and Trade Barriers

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pp. 79-102

One month after the federal government had negotiated the Canada-U.S. Free Trade Agreement in October 1987, the Canadian provinces established the Committee of Ministers on Internal Trade (CMIT). This Committee was given the mandate to eliminate interprovincial trade barriers. Since the end of...

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5. Quebec-Mexico Relationships: A New Partner

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pp. 103-127

The North American Free Trade Agreement has brought a new dynamic to the international relations of North America. One of the most significant changes is the entry of Mexico as a North American partner. Another significant factor that will certainly modify the nature of the continent’s international relations...

Partie 2. The Impact of NAFTA on Quebec Economy and Society

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pp. 129

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6. The Impact of the Free Trade Agreement on Bilateral Trade between Quebec and the United States

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pp. 131-174

A recent study made by Daniel Schwanen and published by the C.D. Howe Institute provides an in-depth analysis of changes in bilateral trade between Canada and the United States since the Free Trade Agreement was implemented on January 1, 1989. It divides the products traded into two...

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7. United States/Canada Free Trade Agreement and Quebec Small Business Behaviour

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pp. 175-190

The aim of the research described in this chapter was to examine the impact of globalization on SMEs (less than 250 employees) in three small regions of Quebec, using as a starting point their behaviour with respect to the Free Trade Agreement between Canada and the United States. More specifically, our...

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8. Adjusting to NAFTA: State Enterprises and Privatization in Quebec in Light of the Mexican and American Experiences

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pp. 191-209

In most industrial and developing countries since 1945, the state has moved beyond regulation and has become an investor, a trader and a producer. Initially, state enterprises were involved in declining industries or subsidized services, but many are now active in competitive and profitable sectors of the economy, sometimes...

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9. Trade Unionism and the State of Industrial Relations in Quebec

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pp. 211-237

Industrial relations in Canada are largely under provincial jurisdiction, and for at least a half-century the evolution of the Quebec Labour Code has reflected not only its Canadian and American setting but the political and social relations within the province. This provincial dimension is of greater significance in Quebec than...

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10. Uneasy Allies: Quebecers, Canadians, Americans, Mexicans and NAFTA

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pp. 239-260

When NAFTA was announced on August 12, 1992, most observers agreed that the removal of trade barriers between the three countries offered advantages and disadvantages for all parties involved. Throughout the debate preceding the ratification, critics pointed to the small current trade between...

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11. Editorials and the Free Trade Agenda: Comparison of La Presse and the Toronto Star

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pp. 261-290

Free trade climbed up the policy agenda from the fringes to centre stage during the mid-1980s, pushing the public into giving it serious thought. From the start, the free trade negotiations between Canada and the United States, followed by a sequel involving Mexico in the early 1990s, split opinion in central...

Partie 3. Sectorial Analysis: Making Public Policy in North America

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pp. 291

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12. Environmental Policy in Quebec

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pp. 293-310

The process of negotiating and approving the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) resulted in greater awareness across the entire continent of environmental issues in individual member countries. It also refocused attention on transfrontier environmental concerns such as air and water pollution...

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13. Agricultural Policy

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pp. 311-334

Operating under severe climatic constraints, Quebec’s farm production has always been complemented by a wide variety of imported products in order to meet local food requirements. Traffic over borders has not, however, been one-way. With specialization in some production, producers in Quebec have also acted...

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14. Public Culture and Political Culture

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pp. 335-362

In sum, Quebec’s ministry of culture represents an important case study of public administration and arts policy-making. First, there has been a significant, and historically unique, shift in the mode of cultural administration with the creation of an independent, or arm’s length, advisory council on the...

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15. Telecommunications and Information Technology

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pp. 363-393

In the last 20 years, telecommunications have had a dramatic influence on personal, business and social life styles. Telecommunications and information technologies are influencing the growth of national economies and their level of development. The increasing impact of technology is also creating new opportunities...

Appendix Bill 51: An Act Respecting the Implementation of International Trade Agreements

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pp. 395-397


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pp. 399-404

The Authors

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pp. 405-410

E-ISBN-13: 9782760523296
Print-ISBN-13: 9782760508743

Page Count: 422
Publication Year: 2011