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Ottawa

Making a Capital - Constuire une capitale

Edited by / Sous la direction de Jeff Keshen and Nicole St-Onge

Publication Year: 2001

Ottawa - Making a Capital is a collection of 24 never-before published essays in English and in French on the history of Ottawa. It brings together leading historians, archeologists and archivists whose work reveals the rich tapestry of the city. Pre-contact society, French Canadian voyageurs, the early civil service, the first labour organizers and Jewish peddlers are among the many fascinating topics covered. Readers will also learn about the origins of local street names, the Great Fire of 1900, Ottawa's multicultural past, the demise of its streetcar system, Ottawa's transformation during the Second World War and the significance of federal government architecture. This book is an indispensable collection for those interested in local history and the history of Canada's capital.

Published by: University of Ottawa Press

Title Page, Copyright

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Contents/Table des matières

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pp. v-vi

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Introduction

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pp. 1-17

This book germinated from a meeting in 1998 between the editors of this collection and Eric Adams, the former president of the Historical Society of Ottawa. The meeting's purpose was to explore ways for the University of Ottawa's Department of History to establish stronger links with local history and heritage groups, thus allowing students to become better acquainted...

SECTION I: Les ratines de la communauté/Roots of the Community

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pp. 19-103

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Une question de temps : Plus de 6 000 ans d'histoire dans la région de la capitale nationale du Canada

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pp. 21-37

La croyance populaire fait remonter les origines d'Ottawa à la construction du canal Rideau par le Lieutenant Colonel By pour contrer les visées expansionnistes de nos voisins du sud. Certains, plus instruits, privilégient Samuel de Champlain, premier européen à remonter la rivière Kitchissippi, la Grande Rivière des Algoummequins, en 1613, mȇme si quelques jeunes aventuriers français l'avaient...

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Aux origines de I'industrie forestière en Outaouais:I'exemple des travailleurs embauchés par Robert Fletcher en 1809 pour travailler dans la Petite-Nation

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pp. 39-57

L'Outaouais est avant tout une rivière, une route, une région visitée et habitée depuis des siècles par les Amérindiens, ensuite par des explorateurs, et aussi par un très grand nombre de voyageurs engagés pour faire la traite des fourrures ainsi que par les bûcherons...

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Getting Here from There: Pioneer Inns of the Ottawa Valley

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pp. 59-70

While today we can connect distant locations in nanoseconds by using the Internet and can drive hundreds of kilometres in a day or fly them in tens of minutes, 'twas not ever thus. Traveling the pioneer days of Ottawa and the Valley was a hard slog made easier in part by the establishment of inns. This is the story of some of the inns that dotted Ottawa and the Ottawa Valley. The author of this story, Brian O 'Regan,1 compiled original histories of these inns for...

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From Pathways to Roadways: The Origin of Selected Ottawa Street Names

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pp. 71-84

January 1, 2000, marked the 150th anniversary of the incorporation of the town of Bytown. Many of Ottawa's street names commemorate individuals who stood out among the pioneers of Bytown, that community which constitutes the beginnings of Canada's national capital. This essay celebrates their memory and seeks to show how, through discovering the roots of local street names, researchers can glean a sense of who was considered important and why, and what that reveals about bygone days. Space limitation...

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From "a region in the valley and shadow of death"1to National Capital Religion and the Construction of Place During the Early Years of Ottawa

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pp. 85-103

Religious tradition of one sort or another has almost certainly been practiced in the Ottawa area since the arrival of the first humans. However, they left few, if any, imprints on the landscape,and the first places of worship in the National Capital Region are impossible to identify. This paper will introduce a sampling of some of the very diverse priorities, challenges and discussions that surrounded the question of church-building during the nineteenth century in the National Capital...

SECTION II: Ottawa Emergent/Lessor d'Ottawa

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pp. 105-219

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A Social Analysis of The Federal Civil Service in 1871

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pp. 107-124

In early 1880, Ephraim B. Muttart, Prince Edward Island's member for King's, rose in the House of Commons to demand a Return of the Civil Service: "I am of opinion," Muttart told the House, "that the Island Province is not represented in this Service as she ought to be." Muttart calculated that 18 civil servants would represent "the share to which the Island," which held one thirty-third of Canada's population...

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L'lnstitut canadien-français d'Ottawa (fondé en 1852) : la doyenne des sociétés franaiçes de I'Ontario*

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pp. 125-149

Cet article portera sur un siècle et demi de vie de la plus vieille association française d'Ottawa, un des pionniers de la pensée française en Ontario et un des plus anciens clubs d'hommes d'expression française en Amérique du Nord : I'lnstitut canadien-français d'Ottawa. Puisque I'lnstitut a pour but le développement moral, intellectuel et physique de ses membres, nous mettrons I'accent non seulement sur les dirigeants...

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The "Rag, Tag and Bobtail": The Rise and Fall of Ottawa's Early Working Class, 1860-18801

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pp. 151-163

"Your Excellency, I represent the rag, tag and bobtail !"2 These were the words that the newly elected member of the Ontario Legislature, Daniel O'Donoghue, flung at Governor General Lord Dufferin when asked whom he represented when presented at Government House. Such are not the words that most politicians would use to describe their voters, but then O'Donoghue was not a typical politician. This twenty-nine year...

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Modern Citizens for a Modern City? Ottawa's Great Fire of 1900

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pp. 165-184

In 1901, the Allied Trades and Labour Association (ATLA) produced a remarkable booklet of urban boosterism entitled, appropriately, Ottawa Picturesque. "In less than 80 years," it proclaimed, "Ottawa has risen from a wilderness to a city of the first magnitude in the Dominion." As a marker of this progress, the ATLA pointed out that the "American Bank Note Company's new building on Wellington Street...is worthy of mention, inasmuch as it possesses the distinct...

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L'Universite d'Ottawa: plus de cent cinquante ans d'histoire

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pp. 185-210

II était bien difficile de prévoir, en 1848, lors de la fondation du Collège de Bytown, que la nouvelle maison d'enseignement deviendrait un jour l'Université d'Ottawa telle qu'on la connaît aujourd'hui. Tout au long de cette période, l'institution a connu une histoire riche en événements de toutes sortes. II serait bien téméraire de tenter, en un seul chapitre, de raconter en détail le cheminement exceptionnel de I'Université...

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Science in Ottawa:The Development of a Community

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pp. 211-219

Over approximately the past three decades, academic historians in Canada have paid greater attention to the impact of science on the economic, social, cultural and physical environment.Since the Glassco and Lamontagne reports1 were published in 1962 and 1970 respectively, the priorities, organization, management and cost of science to government, most of which is situated in Ottawa, have been subject to increasing political attention. Yet, the city of Ottawa has always...

SECTION III: La population d'Ottawa/The Peopling of Ottawa

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pp. 221-330

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Ottawa Valley Irish: Place, Culture and Identity

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pp. 223-237

Traveling through the Ottawa Valley, one has a sense of coming face to face with history. The impact of the past can be seen and felt all around. While the Valley's dramatic history is filled with incidents of extreme hardship and tragedy, the overriding impression one receives is that of a triumphant survivalism associated with its strong men of the past: the voyageurs, the...

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The Path From Peddling: Jewish Economic Activity in Ottawa Prior to 1939

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pp. 239-250

On the surface, Ottawa seems an unlikely setting for a study of the "immigrant experience." Popular conceptions of Canada's capital usually centre on political debates and government buildings or conjure images of dignitaries, humorless bureaucrats and parliamentary ceremony. Despite changes in governments and politics, it would not be an exaggeration to suggest...

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Polish Immigrants in Northern Ontario and the Ottawa Valley during the Early Twentieth Century

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pp. 251-262

Polish immigration to Canada began as a trickle in the 1830s, following Poland's failed uprising against tsarist Russia. The trickle grew to a steady flow at the end of the nineteenth century. The most significant increase occurred during the Laurier years when the Canadian government implemented a policy to open and populate the west. Nevertheless, Polish immigration...

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Slovak Communities in the Ottawa Valley

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pp. 263-277

Slovaks in the Ottawa Valley have always been few in number but not lacking in complexity.They settled in different neighborhoods and brought with them varying customs and political orientations, factors that prevented the creation of a single cohesive community. Still, Slovaks on both sides of the Ottawa River managed to launch several organizations...

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De la survie à la reussite: les Ottaviens d'origine chinoise

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pp. 279-305

Plusieurs événements importants qui ont jalonné la présence chinoise au Canada se sont déroulés dans la capitale. Lors des passages successifs de Li Hongzhang, Liang Qichao et Sun Yatsen il y a environ un siècle, la ville ne comptait que quelques dizaines de résidants d'origine chinoise et ceux-ci dépassaient tout juste la centaine quand 1'empire des Qing y a établi son consulat...

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Making Music - Building Bridges:German-Canadian Identities in the Nation's Capital, 1958-19991

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pp. 307-330

In the German village inn at Richmond Road, German pop songs hum from loud-speakers while waitresses in dirndls serve hearty German food. It is here, in the rustic 'German' ambience of Ottawa's family restaurant, the Lindenhof, that members of two German-Canadian choirs have agreed...

SECTION IV: The Modernizing City/La ville se modernise

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pp. 331-430

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Engineering, Audit and Fire: Governance and Modernity in Depression Ottawa

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pp. 333-347

Ottawa City Hall burned down the evening of 31 March 1931, an event that "comes as a dramatic climax to a period of upheaval in municipal administration,"1 said a newspaper editorialist of the day. So dramatic was the upheaval that it overshadowed the depression crisis itself and, like the depression, was an expression of the changing social and economic structures of the early...

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A Capital Crime? The Long Death of Ottawa's Electric Railway

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pp. 349-382

Ottawa's electric railway expired at 3:25 on the morning of the first of May in the year 1959,just shy of its sixty-ninth birthday.1 It lived about as long as the human beings who used it. Should we conclude, then, that it died of old age? Of natural causes? Or should we suspect foul play? Let us pose the question baldly: Was the death of Ottawa's electric railway in any way a crime,even a capital crime? Many assume the answer to be yes. They desire the answer to be yes. As...

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World War Two and the Making of Modern Ottawa

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pp. 383-410

The Second World War had a profound impact upon Canada. More than 45,000 Canadians died in action, while many more were physically or psychologically maimed. The war forged a stronger and more confident Canadian nationalism, the flowering of Keynesian economic policy and major initiatives with social welfare.2 However, historians have barely touched upon the fact that during these years, Canada's capital city also underwent a remarkable transformation. In...

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The Children of a Dream: The Story of the Creation and Growth of the Day Care Co-operatives in Ottawa, 1969-1980

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pp. 411-430

At certain times in the history of a city factors converge that place ordinary citizens in circumstances in which they do extraordinary things that have a lasting impact on future generations. Such was the case in the early 1970s in downtown Ottawa. At this point in the city's history a disparate group of activists found themselves in a community, like many others across North America, facing fundamental changes in the family unit; yet there existed little...

SECTION V: La capitate en vitrine/A Capital on Display

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pp. 431-

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The Architecture of Government

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pp. 433-465

Poised on the cusp of a new millennium, Canada's capital city, Ottawa, has, during its relatively short history, achieved a maturity that manages to harmonise its small town character with urbane 'savoir-faire'. Ottawa is on the threshold of a major political reshaping of the city and the surrounding regional municipality. The path which brought the national capital to this point has not been without controversy. As any community evolves over time, it becomes a reflection of many things that...

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Ottawa: On Display

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pp. 467-481

In his collection of essays published as City Life: Urban Expectations in a New World, Witold Rybczynski observes that every great city has a particular spot that tells you you are really HERE.2 For example, Paris has the Eiffel Tower, New York has Times Square and Sydney has its opera...

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Bringing Students to a Virtual Past: Teaching Ottawa History With The 3D Historical Cities Project

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pp. 483-502

I would be the first to admit that the history of Ottawa is an eminently worthy topic; I would also be the first to admit that this article has very little to do with the history of Ottawa at all, not in a conventional sense at any rate. Let me explain...


E-ISBN-13: 9782760315709
E-ISBN-10: 2760315703
Print-ISBN-13: 9780776605210
Print-ISBN-10: 0776605216

Page Count: 512
Publication Year: 2001

Series Title: Actexpress