Publication Year: 2008
Published by: National Bureau of Asian Research
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VOLUME 10, NUMBER 1, MARCH 1999
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The reunification of Korea will have far-reaching economic and political repercussions, not just for Korea itself, but for all of Northeast Asia. How Korea reunifies, and how the adjacent powers cooperate or fail to cooperate, will effectively determine a new order in the region. This is an event, unlike many, for which we can plan. Failure to anticipate reunification issues and to lay the foundation for a coherent policy may ...
Japan and the Unification of Korea:Challenges for U.S. Policy Coordination
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This essay examines the dynamics of Japan’s relations with North and South Korea, the potential role of Japan in unifying the peninsula, and the consequent implications for U.S. policy. Japan has an immense stake in the outcome of unification because it will deeply influence its relations with its closest neighbor as well as with the United States, China, and Russia. Despite this stake, Japan has taken a generally...
VOLUME 10, NUMBER 2, APRIL 1999
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Protection of intellectual property remains extremely important to foreign companies contemplating business in China and to China’s own efforts to promote the rule of law as a means to spur economic development. China’s accession to the World Trade Organization (WTO) on commercially viable terms requires, inter alia, compliance with WTO standards for protecting IPR. In the mid-1990s the Chinese government ...
The Global Electronics Revolution and China’s Technology Policy
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China’s attempt to follow a “critical technologies” model, in which a developing country identifies and transfers core technologies pioneered in the developed world, and then strives to emulate production processes, has not been very successful in recent years. An alternate model based on the “value chain,” in which firms can become domestically and internationally competitive by developing skills within transnational production networks, would have three...
Private Enforcement of IntellectualProperty Rights in China
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The traditional modes of policy implementation in China focus heavily on coordinated government action. Often overlooked, however, is the role that decentralized enforcement mechanisms might play. Such mechanisms work by providing multiple nongovernmental parties with the incentive and the actual ability to vindicate certain rights, and then by granting those parties a set of rights that will, if enforced, result in ...
VOLUME 10, NUMBER 3, AUGUST 1999
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Competition among government leaders, corporate interests, and opposition groups for access to energy resources is profoundly influencing geopolitics in the Caspian Sea basin. Regional leaders jealously guard oil and gas resources and the resulting revenues, while politicized religious movements and continually developing ethnic identities compete with each other for the favor of ruling elites and access to energy. The Caspian region ...
Oil and Development in Post-Soviet Azerbaijan
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Despite five regime changes since independence, Azerbaijan’s strategy of attracting foreign investors to develop the country’s oil resources has been remarkably consistent. Yet the increasingly important network of informal and kinship ties between state officials—especially the heads of the state-owed oil company—and President Heydar Aliev expose foreign investors to ...
Kazakhstan:The Long-Term Costs of Short-Term Gains
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As in other energy-rich, developing countries, exaggerated calculations of future resource wealth have lead Kazakhstan’s leaders to view the energy sector as the engine for future economic development. However, Kazakhstan’s short-term approach to realizing such development has resulted in policies that could have negative long-term implications. Kazakhstan’s leaders have ...
Energy Wealth, Development, and Stability in Turkmenistan
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While home to vast reserves of oil and gas, Turkmenistan’s export of these reserves to foreign markets has been complicated by the geopolitics of pipeline construction. To tap its export potential, Turkmenistan has focused on development of the energy industry. At the same time other sectors of the economy have lagged. Growing poverty, declining living standards, the expansion of organized crime and narcotics trafficking, and ethnic and tribal ...
VOLUME 10, NUMBER 4, OCTOBER 1999
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On the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the People’s Republic of China there is but one Asia specialist who immediately comes to mind as most able through his extraordinary research, experience, and judgment to give us perspective. Robson Research Professor Emeritus of Government Robert Scalapino is the dean of the Asia field today and simply without peer in his cumulative impact on our understanding of Asia as a region ...
The People’s Republic of China at Fifty
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The People’s Republic of China has achieved tremendous economic accomplishments in the past several decades, but major problems remain. Moreover, as Beijing moves away from personalized politics to collective leadership, difficult questions of federalism, ideology, and regional economic disparity are arising. To create unity, advance economic growth, and emphasize ...
VOLUME 10, NUMBER 5, DECEMBER 1999
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This issue of the NBR Analysis examines two of Asia’s largest economies and their integration into the global marketplace and international institutions. The 1997 Asian financial crisis caused both China and South Korea to reassess the structure of their economies and subjected the Korean economy to unprecedented intervention by the International Monetary Fund and other international lenders. For each of these countries, economic reform ...
The Role of International Finance in Korean Economic Reconstruction and Reunification
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In December 1997, international lenders staved off the collapse of the South Korean economy. This effort has been heralded as a benchmark of cooperation among private and public sector lenders and governments and could serve as a model for the role that international capital can and should play in effecting stabilization following the reunification of North and South Korea. ...
China and the WTO: The Politics Behind the Agreement
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Chinese leaders in favor of China’s greater integration into the world economy were thrown on the defensive in April 1999 by the U.S. rejection of China’s unprecedentedly forthcoming offer for joining the World Trade Organization (WTO) and by the bombing of the Chinese embassy in Belgrade in May. The events of April and May raised the WTO issue from the already difficult arena of bureaucratic politics to the often brutal realm of elite ...
Page Count: 232
Publication Year: 2008