Counterterrorism and Counterinsurgency in South Asia
Published by: National Bureau of Asian Research
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Title Page, Copyright
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Table of Contents
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Development and Counterinsurgency in Afghanistan and Pakistan
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This paper examines the challenges of integrating development strategies into counterinsurgency (COIN) efforts in Afghanistan and Pakistan. In these two countries such integration will present some of the same challenges that are often in evidence during the implementation of reconstruction programs in post-conflict countries. At the same...
Narco-Jihad: Drug Trafficking and Security in Afghanistan and Pakistan
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With much of the recent discussion about counterinsurgency efforts in Afghanistan focused on the question of possible shifts in broad U.S. strategy and new troop commitments, other dimensions of the conflict have faded from view. Perhaps chief among these is the role of narcotics trafficking and its impact on the central dynamics that underpin the quagmire in South-Central Asia. The situation that the United States ...
The Drug Economy in Afghanistan and Pakistan, and Military Conflict in the Region
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T his essay explores the interface of Islamic militancy with opium poppy cultivation and the drug trade in the Afghanistan-Pakistan region and draws implications for U.S. national security. It analyzes the evolution of the narcotics economy in the region since the late 1960s and the progressive involvement of various state and nonstate actors in the economy since then, with particular attention to current Islamist jihadi networks in the region. The essay also...
Narco-Trafficking in Pakistan-Afghanistan Border Areas and Implications for Security
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The drug trade in the Afghanistan-Pakistan border areas has important implications for regional and global security that transcend the problem of the sale of drugs as an income source for citizens and conflict. Although the illicit drug trade constitutes a significant portion of Afghanistan’s revenues, its impact is far more than economic. The instability...
The Dynamics of “Narco-Jihad” in the Afghanistan-Pakistan Region
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A “narco-jihad” is being waged in Afghanistan and in Pakistan. The ferocity of this jihad in Afghanistan is quite intense and its strength in Pakistan is also growing. It is being funded by the opium-related system of narco-trade, which in turn increases the chances that the insurgency will be prolonged while also strengthening the major players in the...
Counterterrorism Cooperation in South Asia: History and Prospects
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South Asia is no stranger to terrorism. In fact, terrorism as a political strategy long predates the creation of India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh as independent states. This report will briefly outline the history of terrorism in the region, discuss past attempts at counterterrorism cooperation, assess the current prospects, and outline the likely challenges that lie ahead in...
Who Speaks for Islam? Muslim Grassroots Leaders and Popular Preachers in South Asia
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Despite considerable chatter in recent years about the globalization of religious authority in the Muslim world and the importance of transnational networks, public opinion polls conducted by the Pew Global Attitudes Project in 2006 suggest that the vast majority of Muslims worldwide, including 46% in Pakistan, turn first and foremost to local religious leaders for guidance in matters relating to Islam. This would suggest that in trying to understand ...
Media-Based Preachers and the Creation of New Muslim Publics in Pakistan
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This essay will examine the ideas of four Pakistani Islamic scholars who have extensively used the electronic media to disseminate their ideas during the past two decades: Javed Ahmad Ghamidi of Al-Mawarid, Farhat Hashmi of Al-Huda, Israr Ahmad of Tanzime- Islami, and Tahirul Qadri of Tehrik Minhaj-ul-Quran. It is difficult to describe these...
Muslim Grassroots Leaders in India: National Issues and Local Leadership
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Although media-savvy preachers of Islam such as Zakir Naik (born in 1965) from Mumbai have attracted the attention of the mainstream media in India and in the West, their growing popularity is no immediate reflection of current Muslim grassroots leadership in India. Because India’s Muslim population remains strongly divided along social, ...
Religious Figures, Insurgency, and Jihad in Southern Afghanistan
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Religious authorities play a critical role in the present conflict in Afghanistan.2 Consider, for example, the fact that virtually all Taliban leaders, from the senior regional leadership down to subcommanders at the district level, are mullahs3 (religious leaders).4 Indeed it is reasonable to argue that the present conflict in Afghanistan represents a classic insurgency...
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