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Nontraditional Security Challenges in South Asia

Abbas Bhuiya, P.G. Dhar Chakrabarti, Amal Jayawardane, Mallika Joseph, Mahin Karim, Sridhar K. Khatri, Li Li, Dennis Pirages, Ali Tauqeer,Farooq Sobhan, Bishnu Raj Upreti, and Stacy D. VanDeveer Sheikh,

Publication Year: 2013

This NBR Monograph examines nontraditional security challenges across South Asia and draws implications for U.S. policy in the region.

Published by: National Bureau of Asian Research

Title Page, Copyright

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p. 2-2

Table of Contents

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pp. i-iv

Ecological and Nontraditional Security Challenges in South Asia

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pp. 3-4

South Asia today possesses all the ingredients for a geopolitical nightmare. State failure in any one of the region’s most vulnerable countries could prove potentially devastating for stability on the subcontinent as a whole. Agreement on traditional security concerns is often hampered by the conflicting domestic political and foreign policy priorities of South Asian states. Yet there are emerging nontraditional security issues in South Asia that are of common...

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Ecological Security: A Framework for Analyzing Nontraditional Security Issues

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pp. 5-16

Nearly four decades have passed since the 1972 UN Conference on the Human Environment in Stockholm, where participants made a serious effort to explore alternative ways of thinking about security. Subsequent conferences in Rio de Janeiro in 1992 and Johannesburg in 2002 laid out a more comprehensive approach to ecologically...

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Nontraditional Security Challenges in South Asia

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pp. 17-30

Since the end of the Cold War, nontraditional security (NTS) issues have become an integral part of the international security discourse. NTS issues involve a complex relationship between traditional security issues and the economic strength of a state. This relationship is increasingly discussed in both domestic and international policy and research agendas of...

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Environmental Security and Disaster Management in South Asia: Initial Thoughts on Implications for the United States

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pp. 31-36

The growing debate and scholarly literature on environment and security relationships and the implications of these for U.S. national security and foreign policy warrant application to the South Asian region.1 This essay is organized into two sections. The first introduces a framework for understanding the implications for the United States of nontraditional...

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Nontraditional Security and China’s Relations with South Asia

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pp. 37-46

China’s relations with South Asia have been dominated by traditional security issues. China and India’s unresolved border dispute and the unending India-Pakistan confrontation have limited the academic exploration of nontraditional security trends in South Asia and their implications for China. In the past decade, China and India have agreed that...

Nontraditional Security Threats in Pakistan

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pp. 49-50

This NBR Special Report on “Nontraditional Security Threats in Pakistan” is the second in a series of reports to be published in 2011–12, drawing on papers emerging from NBR’s project on “Nontraditional Regional Security Architecture for South Asia.” Funded by the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation’s Asia Security Initiative, this three‑year...

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Nontraditional Security Threats in Pakistan

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pp. 51-64

South Asia faces numerous nontraditional security (NTS) threats that in most cases predate the conventional security problems in the region. NTS threats make many conventional security challenges intractable, as regional conflicts are frequently rooted in the division or management of natural resources, ethnic divides, or ecosystem bifurcations. The progress in...

Nontraditional Security Challenges in India: Human Security and Disaster Management

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pp. 67-68

On August 6, 2010, the city of Leh in Ladakh—a region in the northernmost Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir—experienced a devastating cloudburst, resulting in flash floods and mudslides that critically damaged much of the infrastructure in the region and left hundreds of people either dead or missing and thousands more homeless. The...

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Human Security Challenges in India

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pp. 69-76

According to a study of India’s economic prospects for this decade (2010–20), the country’s GDP will grow at an average annual rate of 9.6%, even in the absence of reforms.1 This is largely due to India’s savings rate and incremental capital output ratio (ICOR). As one author remarks, “There is virtually nothing that our leaders or any other sundry actors...

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Challenges of Disaster Management in India: Implications for the Economic, Political, and Security Environments

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pp. 77-86

T he hazards of nature and the vulnerabilities of social, economic, and environmental conditions combine to make India one of the most disaster-prone countries in the world.1 Nearly 59% of India’s land mass is prone to earthquakes of varying magnitudes. The average frequency of earthquakes with a magnitude greater than seven is once every three...

Nontraditional Security Challenges in Nepal

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Health and Human Security in Nepal and Possible Trajectories for 2025

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pp. 89-108

Nepal has undergone a phenomenal pace of change over the past 60 years. During this period, the country ended the 104-year rule of the Rana oligarchy, attempted to usher in democracy in the 1950s, became retrenched into absolute monarchial rule for the next 30 years, attempted to reintroduce democracy again after 1990, and witnessed a...

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Water and Food Insecurity: Nontraditional Security Challenges for Nepal

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pp. 109-120

Nepal has not only suffered through a decade of deadly armed conflict between the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist),1 or CPN(M), and the state security forces, but the country also faces severe water scarcity and food insecurity. Food insecurity has already been directly linked to social tension and armed conflict, particularly when armed...

Health Security Challenges in Sri Lanka and Bangladesh

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Emerging Health Challenges for Sri Lanka in the New Millennium

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pp. 123-132

Despite its low level of economic development, Sri Lanka has achieved a number of noteworthy successes in the area of health security, particularly in reducing mortality and fertility rates and increasing life expectancy. The country experienced a sharp decline in mortality during the second half of the twentieth century that was largely due to the eradication of malaria, highly subsidized health services, better sanitary conditions...

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Health Threats as Nontraditional Security Challenges for Bangladesh

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pp. 133-142

In the coming decades, Bangladesh will face serious health security challenges due to the persistence and emergence of communicable and non-communicable diseases. Bangladesh is particularly vulnerable to nontraditional security threats to its health sector because of rapid population growth, pervasive poverty, poor environmental conditions, and climate change...

Back Cover

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pp. 149-150

E-ISBN-13: 9781939131119

Page Count: 150
Publication Year: 2013