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Transnational Islam in South and Southeast Asia

Movements, Networks, and Conflict Dynamics

By Peter Mandaville, Farish A. Noor, Alexander Horstmann, Dietrich Reetz, Ali Riaz, Animesh Roul, Noorhaidi Hasan, Ahmad Fauzi Abdul Hamid, Rommel C. Banlaoi, and Joseph Chinyong Liow

Publication Year: 2009

Events in recent years have drawn considerable attention to the growing importance of transnational Muslim networks in the political and conflict dynamics of South and Southeast Asia. While much analysis has focused on militant groups, such as radical Islamist groups, broad-based ideologies, and even predominantly quietist networks also exert significant social and political influence. This report represents the culmination of a year-long initiative launched by NBR to explore the landscape of transnational Islam in South and Southeast Asia and assess its implications for these regions’ sociopolitical futures. NBR assembled an international team of experts to assess transnational Islam as it manifests in Bangladesh, Pakistan, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, and Thailand.

Published by: National Bureau of Asian Research

Copyright

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p. 2-2

Contents

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pp. iii-3

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Foreword

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pp. iv-4

Events in recent years have drawn considerable attention to the growing importance of transnational Muslim networks in the political and conflict dynamics of South and Southeast Asia. While much analysis has focused on militant groups such as Al Qaeda and Jemaah Islamiyah, other radical Islamist groups (e.g., Hizb ut-Tahrir), broad-based ideologies...

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Transnational Islam in Asia: Background, Typology and Conceptual Overview

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pp. 1-20

This paper provides an overview of the history of transnational Islam in South and Southeast Asia, identifying key vectors of religious transmission and points of continuity between historical and contemporary patterns of cross-regional Islamic discourse. The paper proposes that contemporary manifestations of transnational Islam problematize conventional categorizations of movements...

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Islamist Networks and Mainstream Politics in South and Southeast Asia

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pp. 21-34

This paper assesses the role of transnational Islamist networks in South and Southeast Asia, paying particular attention to their impact on questions of religious and national identity throughout these regions. The paper argues that much of the current concern over Islamist politics in Asia is due to the mistaken assumption that religion has played a secondary role in the development...

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Transnational Ideologies and Actors at the Level of Society in South and Southeast Asia

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pp. 35-52

This paper examines key transnational Islamic movements and missionary networks active in South and Southeast Asia—the Indian Tablighi Jama‘at (TJ), the Palestinian Hizb ut-Tahrir (HT), and Saudi Arabian Salafi movements. The paper looks at the structure and ideology of these movements, in general, giving particular attention to their embeddedness in everyday life. The paper observes these movements’ recruitment...

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Migrants, Mujahidin, Madrassa Students: The Diversity of TransnationalIslam in Pakistan

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pp. 53-77

This paper explores the diversity of transnational Islam in Pakistan. The paper argues that most of Pakistan’s transnational Islamic actors are tied to economic, cultural and religious forms of globalization. The radical and militant forms of transnational Islam in the country are largely driven by factors directly linked to Pakistan’s political and security apparatuses. It...

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Interactions of “Transnational”and “Local” Islam in Bangladesh

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pp. 79-100

This paper examines the historical trajectory and current status of key transnational Islamic organizations, conduits and trends in Bangladesh to assess their impact on the socio-political and conflict dynamics of the country. The paper argues that Bangladesh’s socio-political dynamics and a weak Bangladeshi state have fostered the proliferation of Islamic organizations...

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Transnational Islam in India: Movements, Networks, and Conflict Dynamics

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pp. 101-120

Since the events of 9/11, transnational Islamic forces have consolidated more along religious lines with regional and local Islamic outfits to further the extremist cause worldwide. South Asia has been confronting the challenge of Islamic extremism for many years and in varied forms. Among the South Asian countries worst hit by Islamic extremism, India, with a Muslim minority population...

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Transnational Islam in Indonesia

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pp. 121-140

Indonesia is generally associated with a peaceful and tolerant form of Islam. The recent rise of militant Islamist groups in post-Suharto Indonesia, however, and the alleged links of some of these groups to the Southeast Asian terrorist network, the Jamaah Islamiyah (JI), raises concerns. This paper assesses the current status of transnational Islamist discourse...

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Transnational Islam in Malaysia

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pp. 141-165

This paper explores the diverse ways in which transnational Islam—and, in particular, the connection of Malaysia’s independent, non-state Islamist movements to transnational Islam—impacts Malaysia’s socio-political terrain. The paper gives particular attention to Malaysia’s key broad-based ideological, Sufi-pietist and radical-militant Islamist movements, assessing their transnational affiliations and influences...

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Transnational Islam in the Philippines

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pp. 167-188

This paper describes significant state and non-state conduits of transnational Islam in the Philippines and examines how they have influenced the contemporary conflict dynamics of the country. The paper pays particular attention to the Moro resistance movement in the southern Philippines, observing that the Moros have legitimate grievances as a result...

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Local Networks and Transnational Islam in Thailand (with emphasis on the southernmost provinces)

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pp. 189-208

This paper assesses the impact of transnational Muslim networks on the social, political, and conflict dynamics of Thailand. By observing three key transnational Islamic networks—the Muslim Brotherhood-influenced Young Muslim Association of Thailand (YMAT), the Jemaat Tabligh, and the Salafi-Reformist network—this paper finds a tremendously fluid...

Back Cover

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p. 213-213


E-ISBN-13: 9781939131027

Page Count: 208
Publication Year: 2009