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Community Building

Edited by Stanley E. Hyland

Publication Year: 2005

Community has long been a critical concept for social scientists, and never more so amid the growing economic inequity, natural and human disasters, and warfare of the opening years of the twenty-first century. In this volume, leading scholar-activists develop a conceptual framework for both the theory and practice of building communities. Rethinking the very concept in light of technological change and globalization, they examine local responses to worldwide trends, study the ways that communities generate and use resources, and evaluate existing theories and approaches to community building to determine the best strategies for fostering community strength and vitality. Their work with groups ranging from refugees, religious charities, and poor urban neighborhoods to tribal peoples, international corporations, and public health agencies demonstrates that local communities contain the seeds for a more desirable future and suggests how we may encourage those seeds to grow.

Published by: SAR Press

Title Page, About the Series, About the Authors, Copyright

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pp. 2-7

Contents

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pp. vii-9

List of Figures and Tables

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pp. ix-x

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Acknowledgments

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pp. xi-13

...critical societal issue that was growing in national and international sig-nificance—community and community building. In 1999 the School ofAmerican Research, long noted for its commitment to scholarship, andthe Society for Applied Anthropology, long noted for its commitmentstanding relationship. More specifically, Douglas Schwartz, then presi-...

Dedication

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pp. xiii-17

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1 Introduction

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pp. 3-24

Community Building in the Twenty-First Century is a plenary seminar-Research (SAR) and the Society for Applied Anthropology (SfAA). Inlight of the growing interest in community and community building,SAR President Douglas Schwartz asked a group of scholars affiliatedwith the SfAA to revisit the question of the community’s role in the...

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2 Community Assets and the Community-Building Process Historic Perspectives

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pp. 25-44

Community-building practice of the twenty-first century can gainmuch from an understanding of how the concept of community assetshas been used in various action settings in the past. This chapter com-pares examples of scholars/practitioners’ writings about communityassets in community-building practice from the present and the past....

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3 Communities after Catastrophe Reconstructing the Material, Reconstituting the Social

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pp. 45-70

...motion against their will. For example, in 1999, civil and internationalconflicts produced twenty-one million refugees who fled across inter-national borders to escape violence. Uncounted in these numbers aremillions of peoples uprooted by environmental upheaval and by nat-ural and technological disasters, from sudden-onset earthquakes and...

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4 The World as It Should Be Faith-Based Community Development in America

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pp. 71-100

...diversity of communities in America. Literally hundreds of ethno-graphic studies have been carried out—ranging from early efforts tosalvage the spirit of Native American cultures to more recent projectsdesigned to understand inner-city ethnic populations, middle-classsuburbs, and even farming, fishing, and mining communities. Within...

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5 Revitalizing Urban Communities through a New Approach to Computer Mapping

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pp. 101-132

Much like the transformation of rural villages after World War IIand the reconstruction of settlements after catastrophes (Oliver-Smith,chapter 3 of this volume), the processes of globalization have dramati-cally changed the community life of urban neighborhoods. Assumed tobe relatively stable by virtue of ethnicity, income, religion, kinship, or...

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6 Virtual Community An Oxymoron at Work? Creating Community in a Globally Distributed Work Group

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pp. 133-166

...nized to enable collaboration among individuals in different geographi-work in groups or teams whose membership crosses nations, cultures,and languages. Ideally, such globally distributed work groups canworld, closely integrate globally distributed information, and still actlocally (O’Hara-Devereaux and Johansen 1994; Baba 2001). The para-...

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7 Community Building for Health

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pp. 167-190

Applied anthropology in the 1950s and 1960s engaged in many dis-cussions of health in community settings. In part, these reflectedanthropology’s central concern with the notion of community as a sig-nificant social unit in which culture can be expressed holistically(Arensberg and Kimball 1965; Redfield 1955). Benjamin Paul’s volume...

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8 Strengthening Communities through Research Partnerships for Social Change Perspectives from the Institute for Community Research

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pp. 191-218

...themselves without the benefit of social science consultation. Despitecommunity-level agency, however, larger processes of social change—migration, innovation, renovation, gentrification, renewal, rebuilding—are not always transparent to individuals or to communities (Cowleyand Billings 1999; Denner et al. 2001; Stevenson 1998). Furthermore,...

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9 Community Building in the Twenty-First Century Implications for Anthropologists

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pp. 219-232

Contributors to Community Building in the Twenty-First Century haveprovided unique insights into the history, current status, and futurepromise of applied social science in community-building endeavors. Toconclude, we briefly summarize the main implications for communitybuilders from each chapter. Immediately following each summary are...

References

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pp. 232-264

Index

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pp. 265-285

Other Works in the Series, Participants Photo, Back Cover

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pp. 301-305


E-ISBN-13: 9781938645235
E-ISBN-10: 1938645235
Print-ISBN-13: 9781930618626
Print-ISBN-10: 193061862X

Page Count: 304
Illustrations: 2 figures, 1 table
Publication Year: 2005

Edition: 1