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West Virginia University

Symbol of Unity in a Sectionalized State

William T. Doherty Jr. and Festus P. Summers

Publication Year: 2013

First published in 1982, West Virginia University: Symbol of Unity in a Sectionalize State details the history of WVU from before its inception as the Agricultural College of West Virginia in 1867 to its expansion and development in the 1980s. This comprehensive history includes an index of people, places and events; photographs and illustrations; and in-depth descriptions of campuses, buildings, colleges, and academic and sports programs. A joint effort between William T Doherty, Jr., a Professor Emeritus History at WVU and Festus P. Summers, the first University Librarian who passed away before this project was complete, this new edition once again grants access to the diverse and complex elements which shaped the institution.  

Published by: West Virginia University Press

Half Title

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p. ii-ii

Title Page

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p. iii-iii

Copyright Page

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p. iv-iv


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pp. v-vi

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p. vii-vii

When Daniel Webster told the U.S. Supreme Court that Dartmouth was but a small college "and yet, there are those who love it," his eloquence enshrined forever the traditional bond between a school and its alumni and friends. One's ties with his alma mater are cemented more firmly by complete knowledge of the institution ...

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pp. ix-xiii

In its origins, the history of West Virginia University properly should be viewed as a combination offering of the Department of History and the College of Arts and Sciences. For it owes much to the former dean of the College of Arts and Sciences, William E. Collins, who accomplished the necessary and time-consuming ...

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p. xv-xv

The publication of this volume was made possible by a gift from Mr. Carl Delsignore and the support of the ...


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pp. xvii-xviii

Part 1 - The Morgantown School

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Chapter 1: "Add to Your Faith Virtue, and to Virtue Knowledge"

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pp. 3-15

After two decades of regional agitation and experimentation in behalf of vocational or polytechnical education by farmers, industrial workers, and professional educators, Congress passed during the Civil War years the Morrill Land-Grant College Act. Although approved by Republicans in 1862 as a party measure, the educational statute was, in spirit, ...

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Chapter 2: Yankee Centralization to Confederate Decentralization

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pp. 16-37

With the faculty and student body embarked upon creating a university in the fall of 1867, President Alexander Martin began his behind-the-scene task of convincing the West Virginia legislature that the University should receive a "pittance so fairly deserved and really required ." The exact sum he left the lawmakers to determine as best they could, ...

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Chapter 3: Decentralization to Centralization

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pp. 38-58

Eli Marsh Turner was a native West Virginian who had graduated from Monongalia Academy in 1864 and became, in turn, valedictorian of his Princeton University class of 1868, a tutor, an instructor in Greek, and an assistant librarian at Princeton. In 1873, however, he had forsaken teaching for law and politics. Becoming first a Clarksburg ...

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Chapter 4: The Inner Wickedness of Sociology

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pp. 59-78

When the Board of Regents announced on August 6, 1897, the selection of twenty-eightyear- old Jerome Hall Raymond, Ph.D., University of Chicago (1895) , as president of West Virginia University and professor of sociology, the national press had a field day in broadcasting the choice of so young a man to such an eminent position. Journalistic ...

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Chapter 5: Conservative Management versus "New Education"

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pp. 79-104

By 1901 the West Virginia Legislature had established all institutions in the present system of public higher education with the exception of two community colleges created in 1971. It had not, however, ultimately determined its method of governance for these schools. As the twentieth century began, West Virginia University and its preparatory ...

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Chapter 6: Almost Heaven and Almost a University

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pp. 105-134

When, in, the Regents named WVU's dean of Arts and Sciences and professor of Latin, Frank B. Trotter, to succeed Thomas E. Hodges as president, they managed, according to the Morgantown Post Chronicle of July 18, 1914, to stage "a complete surprise to all those in authority at the University." Indeed, so unexpected was the assignment ...

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Chapter 7: The Heavy Hand of Politics

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pp. 135-158

ln one eighteen-year period, 1928 to 1946, encompassing the Great Depression, the New Deal, and World War II, West Virginia followed national political trends by throwing off almost forty years of Republican control for fourteen years of Democratic governors. In a sense, West Virginia University students in 1928 were four years ahead of their ...

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Chapter 8: Four Terms for Roosevelt and Four Presidents for WVU

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pp. 159-182

Between the departure of John Roscoe Turner as tenth president on the last day of 1934 and the arrival of Irvin Stewart as thirteenth president in the summer of 1946, West Virginia University resumed its accustomed role of being what the Morgantown Post described as the "political football of the state." Its struggle for political independence during ...

Part 2: The Land-Grant, Comprehensive State University, 1946-1980

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Chapter 9: A People's University

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pp. 185-213

ALTHOUGH CHOSEN AS THE THIRTEENTH president of the University, Irvin Stewart may have been, from his own standpoint as well as from that of the University and the state, one of its luckiest. Certainly he enjoyed an institutional rarity: one of the longest and possibly most successful administrations in West Virginia University history. The ...

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Chapter 10: In Sickness and in Health, Till Death Do Us Part; The Inviolate University Campus

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pp. 214-231

As of June 30, 1948, an unencumbered balance in the West Virginia treasury showed an excess of $28.5 million. This embarrassment of riches set the stage for innumerable requests throughout West Virginia, perhaps causing politicians of the highly sectionalized mountain state to wish for deficits rather than surpluses. Bracing themselves for their ...

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Chapter 11: From the Banks of the Monongahela to the Banks of the Potomac, Part I

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pp. 232-249

From the late fifties to the late sixties, West Virginia University was affected more deeply than usual by developments emanating from both the national and state scene. As had been the case a hundred years earlier when the thirty-fifth state was created, the Morrill Act passed, and the University first opened, decisions of the federal government seemed to ...

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Chapter 12: From the Banks of the Monongahela to the Banks of the Potomac, Part II

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pp. 250-281

Throughout 1961, Clyde Colson suffered acting presidential imprisonment twice as long as he had previously, but by the end of the year the board was able to offer him relief. It announced that Paul Ausborn Miller, provost of Michigan State University, would be West Virginia University's fifteenth president, and would assume the duties on January 1, ...

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Chapter 13: Into the University's Second Century: Gadgets and Governance

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pp. 282-306

Believing in 1933, the year in which he completed his bachelor's degree in mathematics and his master's degree in physics from the University of Oklahoma at the age of 21, that he would become "an electronics hotshot, " James G . Harlow, sixteenth president of West Virginia University, later admitted to The Charleston Gazette on October 15, 1967, he ...

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Chapter 14: An Era of Radical Change: Close Encounters with a New Kind of Student

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pp. 307-324

In the first year of the Harlow presidency , Jennings Randolph, senior U.S. senator representing the thirty-fifth state, paid glowing tribute to college students in West Virginia institutions whom he saw as wholesome young people who thought clearly and knew why they were in residence . Into the Congressional Record he inserted an editorial from the ...

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Chapter 15: Into the Nineteen Eighties

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pp. 325-347

A rotund man who abhorred physical exercise, James G. Harlow reluctantly presided over the greatest expansion of athletic facilities in WVU history . He asked the Board of Governors to reconsider its plans for the 14, 000-seat basketball coliseum, with an eye on making it a more versatile facility . The Board declined . He urged the Board of ...


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pp. 349-354

Selected Bibliography

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pp. 355-366


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pp. 367-384

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About the Authors

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p. 385-385

Virginia History. He also is editor of West Virginia History, a History. Dr. Doherty, who received his doctoral degree in history FEsTus P. SuMMERS, who died in 1971 at the age of 76, began the work on this first comprehensive history of West Virginia Univer?sity where he was the first University historian and chairperson ...

E-ISBN-13: 9781938228391
E-ISBN-10: 1938228391
Print-ISBN-13: 9781938228377
Print-ISBN-10: 1938228375

Page Count: 404
Illustrations: 68 photos
Publication Year: 2013

Edition: 1