The Laws of Nature
Managing Ecosystems for A Sustainable Future
Publication Year: 2013
Published by: The University of Akron Press
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Title Page, Copyright
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IUnderstanding and EvaluatingEcosystem Management Thus Far
1 An Ecosystem Management PrimerHistory, Perceptions, and Modern Definition
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...1 An Ecosystem Management PrimerHistory, Perceptions, and Modern DefinitionKalyani Robbins, The University of Akron“When we try to pick out anything by itself, we find it hitched to everything else Ecosystem management is still a relatively new field of study—then Forest Service Chief F. Dale Robertson coined the term just two decades ago in 19921—so its membership is still fairly small. But the issues are too impor-tant, too potentially life-altering, to leave to a handful of experts to worry about. This book is for everyone: law students, college and graduate students, experts, ...
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...2Ecosystem-Based ManagementAn Empirical AssessmentJudith A. Layzer, Massachusetts Institute of TechnologySince the 1980s, ecosystem-based management (EBM) experiments have been undertaken around the world. Although detailed descriptions of individual projects abound,1 systematic assessments of their results remain sparse. In the 2000s, however, scholars began investigating the actual performance of EBM projects. The results of that research suggest that EBM has yielded some important environmental benefits, including the acquisition of ...
3 Integrating Law, Policy, andScience in Managing and RestoringEcosystemsDaniel J. Rohlf, Lewis
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...3 Integrating Law, Policy, and Science in Managing and Restoring EcosystemsThe term ‘ecosystem management’ reminds me of an episode of my favor-ite television program as a kid, the classic Star Trek series. In one episode, Dr. McCoy seemingly finds a long-lost love on a remote planet, looking even younger and lovelier than he remembers her. However, the young lady turns out to be a salt-sucking monster which is able to appear as a beautiful paramour from its victim’s past. While the good doctor of course survives his encounter ...
4 Whatever Happened to EcosystemManageme
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...4 Whatever Happened to Ecosystem Management and Federal Land Planning?To be honest, I did not know what to make of the invitation to write a chapter on ecosystem management (EM) and federal lands. My cynical side questioned the relevance of doing so, as a lot of thought has been given to the topic over the years. Yet here we are, roughly two decades after the term became popularized and the same problems remain largely unresolved. So do I write the chapter in the past tense, as a sort of obituary? More than a few ...
IILetting Theory Inform Practice
5 Ecosystem Services and EcosystemManagement—How Good a Fit?
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...5 Ecosystem Services and Ecosystem Management—How Good a Fit?J.B. Ruhl, Vanderbilt UniversityBy the mid-1990s, the evolving concept of ecosystem management had become the subject of intense debate in natural resources policy.1 In a landmark 1994 article in Conservation Biology, R. Edward Grumbine cap-tured the state of play of that debate and synthesized what he drew from the literature on ecosystem management to define its central tenets.2 At the core of ecosystem management, he concluded, was the overarching theme of sustaining ...
6 Ecosystem Management
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...6 Ecosystem ManagementA Policy-Oriented Jurisprudence PerspectiveSusan G. Clark, Yale University & David N. Cherney, University of ColoradoThe environment is the “fragile envelope of our planet in which we all live,” and is presently “under unimaginable stress as industrial and science-based civilizations use the resources of the planet ever more inten-sively.”1 To address the unintended consequences of our intensive natural resource use (e.g., biodiversity loss, depletion of ocean fisheries, pollution, climate change), humans have divided the world into categories to aid our ability ...
IIIMaking Better Useof Existing Federal Law
7 Addition by Subtraction
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...7 Addition by SubtractionNEPA Routines as Means to More Systemic EndsThis volume on ecosystem management and law seems a good place for some thoughts on the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA), “our basic national charter for protection of the environment.”1 NEPA is famously regarded in court as a ‘procedural’ statute, a statute that aims not for particular environmental outcomes but rather at the deliberative processes whereby federal agencies make their decisions which then impact the environ-...
8 Restoration and Law in EcosystemManagement
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...8 Restoration and Law in Ecosystem ManagementRobert W. Adler, University of Utahmost of those definitions share several key attributes. All involve manag-ing at the scale of whole ecosystems rather than individual species or resources. All focus on ecosystem structure, function, and processes as opposed to individual components, and on the dynamic nature of ecosystems rather than ...
9 Landscape-scale Conservation andEcosystem Services
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...9 Landscape-scale Conservation and Ecosystem ServicesLeveraging Federal PoliciesThe context of conservation and resource management reveals a conflu-ence of two trends as the twenty-first century unfolds. First is the broad-ening compass of conservation to landscape-scale evaluation and action. Efforts are telescoping outward to encompass whole watersheds and ecoregions and to undertake actions at a scale that accommodates interconnected and inter-secting land, water, and wildlife issues.2 Second is the deepening recognition ...
IVFinding the Right ToolsGoing Forward
10 Wildlife Conservation,Climate Change, andEcosystem Management
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...10 Wildlife Conservation, Climate Change, and Ecosystem ManagementGrizzly bears have long roamed across Yellowstone National Park and beyond—a seminal fact that triggered a controversial early federal eco-system management effort. Less than a quarter century ago, though protected under the Endangered Species Act, the Yellowstone grizzly population teetered on the edge of extinction, jeopardized by escalating development pres-sures around the park and an unresponsive federal bureaucracy seemingly indif-...
11 From Principles to Practice
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...11 From Principles to PracticeDeveloping a Vision and Policy Framework to Make Ecosystem For decades, natural resource managers have struggled to reconcile the polit-ical realities of jurisdictional boundaries, land ownership, and agency man-dates with the ecological realities of boundary-less ecosystems and eco-logical processes. As managers are increasingly confronted with issues that cross boundaries—like wildland fire, invasive species, climate change, and land use change—the need to better coordinate management across ownerships and ...
12Valuation and Payment forEcosystem Services asTools to Improve EcosystemManagementDeborah McGrath, Sewanee:
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...12 Valuation and Payment for Ecosystem Services as Tools to Improve Ecosystem Ecosystems are biological communities comprised of living organisms interacting with each other and the nonliving physical environment. Natural ecosystem processes resulting from these interactions provide and support countless goods and services enjoyed by human society. Ecosystem (or environmental) services are simply the benefits that people derive from ecosys-tems. At any given time, an ecosystem provides a ‘flow’ of diverse services, ...
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Publication Year: 2013
Series Title: &Law