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PINNICK KINNICK HILL

AN AMERICAN STORY

By G. W. González, Edited by Mark Brazaitis, with a Preface by Suronda González, with a Spanish translation Las colinas sueñan en español by Daniel Ferreras

Publication Year: 2011

Nearly a century ago, hundreds of families journeyed from Spain to the United States, to search for a better life in the growing zinc-industry towns of Harrison County, West Virginia. As they created a new culture and a new home in this strange land, they added another thread to the rich fabric of our nation. Writing from his perspective as a first-generation son of this immigrant community, González recounts his childhood memories of his neighborhood, where these immigrants raised their families, worked in the often insufferable conditions of the zinc factories, and celebrated "romerias" and feast days with their neighbors.

Published by: West Virginia University Press

Front Cover

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Title Page, Copyright

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Foreword

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p. iv-iv

With humor and frankness, Pinnick Kinnick Hill, an American Story paints a picture of a community of Spanish immigrants pursuing the American dream in an early twentieth-century West Virginia mill town. It is a story of struggle and disappointment, but ultimately one of resilience, cooperation, and one man’s...

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Mountaineers

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pp. v-xviii

While I’m not related to Gavin González, the author of Pinnick Kinnick Hill, I too grew up among the Asturian immigrants who settled in north-central West Virginia’s Harrison County. My paternal great-grandparents, pursuing opportunities in West Virginia’s expanding zinc industry, emigrated from Spain between 1908 and 1914. As a child, I heard tales of life in Asturias, the journey to the...

Pinnick Kinnick Hill

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Prologue

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pp. 2-3

A significant or unusual event must happen to a person in the first years of his life to enable him to recall when he first became aware of his existence.
My first awareness came when I was four years old. That first day of realization was almost the last day of my life...

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Chapter One

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pp. 3-16

My paternal grandparents, Justo and Josefa Villanueva, lived in a small fishing village named Villanueva after my great grandfather. Justo and Josefa had four sons, David, Emilio, Juan and Diego. David and Emilio were active with grandfather in fishing on the Bay of Biscay, while Juan and...

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Chapter Two

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pp. 16-19

When the Villanueva family sailed from Liverpool to New York City, they were one of the few Spanish families traveling first class. Juan had decided long ago that if he were to cross the ocean to America, he would go first class or not at all...

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Chapter Three

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pp. 19-25

The boys were too small to remember the trip, but Juan and Maria Elena became dizzy watching the landscape pass. Corn and wheat fields and other stretches of flat land marked their trip across Illinois, Indiana and most of Ohio. In the eastern part of the Buckeye State, however, they began to...

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Chapter Four

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pp. 25-31

Three eventful things happened in rapid succession in the summer of 1909. In July, the Monongahela Power Company inaugurated the trolley service from Clarkston to Belleport by way of Coe’s Run. In August, I came into the world. And in September, the Crossetti Chemical Company...

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Chapter Five

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pp. 31-39

When the United States entered the war in 1918 against Germany and Austria-Hungary, several young Spanish men enlisted in the army. They were sent to Camp Ripley in Minnesota for training and, as members of the American expeditionary forces, were shipped off to France...

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Chapter Six

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pp. 40-47

As some of the men began to move out of town with their families, the scabs would move their families into the vacant homes. The mortgages on the houses were forfeited to the company, as they had advanced the money to the residents, and the titles were transferred to the new residents...

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Chapter Seven

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pp. 47-57

Jerman Inclan and his wife, Victoria, arrived from Spain to join his brother, Teodoro, and his wife, Dorinda. The Inclan family lived in Careno, a rural community in the Concejo de Castrillon, Asturias. Teodoro decided to go the way of many of his neighbors to America, where work was promised him...

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Chapter Eight

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pp. 57-67

Cata de Leon and the widow Victoria Inclan became very good friends. They were about the same age and had a lot in common: good looks, pleasing personalities and an interest in some of the eligible bachelors in town...

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Chapter Nine

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pp. 67-77

When I was fourteen I got my first job in industry. The Belleport Lamp Chimney Company was going to start operations after being idled for several months. My cousin Angel went there early on a Monday morning. Mr. Durkin, the superintendent, was walking from the warehouse to the...

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Chapter Ten

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pp. 77-89

Father’s partnership with the Genettis ended just after my graduation. The manager of the company store had been complaining about losing so much business to a store being run by a person who was not an employee of the smelter. They called Mrs. Genetti in and told her she could no longer rent the...

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Chapter Eleven

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pp. 89-103

Armando Belmonte was the owner of Belmonte’s Cafe. It was almost identical to the Cafe Colon in Aviles, Spain, where most of the men who came to work in Glenncoe had spent many an enjoyable day playing brisca or dominoes. On the side of the cafe there was even the metal frog like...

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Chapter Twelve

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pp. 103-112

Hundreds of Spaniards came to the United States between 1900 and 1920, almost all from the province of Asturias. The men came to work in the 25 or more zinc smelters scattered in hamlets, villages and towns in ten states. The women came to bear thousands of children in America, besides...

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Epilogue

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pp. 112-118

Father left Glenncoe for St. Louis in May of 1926. In August, Neto and I joined him. We boarded at a Spanish house, and while Father and Uncle David and Cousin Lano were busy with their work, Neto took me on a job hunt. We went up Broadway and got off the streetcar at Washington Avenue...

Image Gallery

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Prefacio

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p. xix-xix

Con humor y franqueza, Las colinas sueñan en español es retrato de una comunidad de inmigrantes españoles persiguiendo el sueño americano a principios del siglo XX en un pueblo minero de Virginia Occidental. Es un relato de contienda y desilusión, pero últimamente uno de supervivencia, cooperación...

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Montañeros

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pp. xx-xxxiv

Aunque no soy pariente de Gavin González, el autor de Las colinas sueñan en español, crecí, igual que él, entre los inmigrantes asturianos que se establecieron en el Condado de Harrison, en el centro norte de Virginia Occidental. Mis bisabuelos paternos emigraron desde España entre los años 1908 y 1914 en...

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Prólogo

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pp. 119-120

Algo significativo o fuera de lo común le tiene que ocurrir a una persona durante los primeros años de su vida para que sea capaz de acordarse del momento exacto en que tomó conciencia de su existencia.
Me di cuenta de mi existencia cuando tenía cuatro años y ese primer día de conciencia por poco también es el último de mi vida...

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Capítulo 1

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pp. 120-133

Mis abuelos por el lado paterno, Justo y Josefa Villanueva, vivían en un pequeño pueblo de pescadores que se llamaba Villanueva por el nombre de mi bisabuelo. Justo y Josefa tuvieron cuatro hijos, David, Emilio, Juan y Diego. David y Emilio se ocupaban de pescar en el golfo de Vizcaya con...

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Capitulo 2

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pp. 133-137

Cuando la familia Villanueva se embarcó en Liverpool para ir a Nueva York, era una de las pocas familias españolas que viajaban en primera clase. Juan había decidido hace mucho que si tenía que cruzar el océano, lo haría en primera clase o nada...

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Capítulo 3

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pp. 137-143

Los chicos eran demasiado jóvenes como para poder acordarse del viaje, pero Juan y María Elena se acabaron mareando mirando desfilar el paisaje. Campos de maíz y de trigo y otras extensiones de tierras llanas marcaron su viaje a través de Illinois, de Indiana y de la mayor parte de Ohio. En la parte...

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Capítulo 4

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pp. 143-149

Ocurrieron tres sucesos en rápida sucesión durante el verano de 1909. En julio, la compañía de electricidad Monogahela inauguró la primera línea de tranvía desde Clarkston hasta Belleport, pasando por Coe’s Run. En agosto, vine a este mundo, y en septiembre, la compañía de Industrias Químicas...

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Capítulo 5

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pp. 150-158

Cuando los Estados Unidos entraron en la guerra contra Alemania y Aus tria-Hungría en 1918, varios jóvenes españoles se alistaron en el ejército. Fueron enviados a Camp Ripley en el estado de Minnesota para el entrenemiento y como miembros de las fuerzas expedicionarias americanas...

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Capítulo 6

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pp. 158-166

A medida que algunos hombres empezaran a salir del pueblo con sus familias, los esquiroles se mudaban con sus familias en las casas desocupadas. Las hipotecas pertenecían a la compañía y como habían adelantado el dinero a los inquilinos, los títulos se tranferieron a los nuevos...

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Capítulo 7

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pp. 166-176

Germán Inclán y su mujer, Victoria, llegaron de España para estar con su hermano y su mujer, Dorinda. La familia Inclán vivía en Careno, una comunidad rural del concejo de Castrillón, en Asturias. Teodoro decidió seguir el camino de muchos de sus vecinos hacia América, cuando Crispín Sirgo...

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Capítulo 8

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pp. 177-186

Cata de León y la viuda Victoria Inclán se estaban haciendo amigas. Tenían más o menos la misma edad y mucho en común: eran guapas, tenían buenas personalidades y compartían cierto interés en los solteros que eran buenos partidos del pueblo...

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Capítulo 9

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pp. 187-197

A los catorce años, obtuve mi primer trabajo en la industria. La compañía de lámparas de chimenea de Belleport se volvía a poner en marcha tras haber estado paralizada durante largo tiempo. Mi primo Ángel fue a la compañía un lunes por la mañana temprano. El senór Durkin, el...

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Cápitulo 10

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pp. 197-209

La asociación entre mi padre y los Genetti acabó justo después de mi graduación. El encargado de la tienda de la compañía había estado quejándose de perder muchísimo dinero por culpa de una tienda llevada por una persona que no era ni siquiera un empleado de la fundición. Llamaron...

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Capítulo 11

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pp. 210-224

Armando Belmonte era el propietario del Café Belmonte. Era casi idéntico al Café Colón, en Aviles en España, donde la gran mayoría de los hombres que había venido a Glenncoe habían pasado muchos días agradables, jugando a la brisca o al dominó. Había incluso la misma rana de metal que en...

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Capítulo 12

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pp. 224-234

Cientos de españoles vinieron a los Estados Unidos entre 1900 y 1920, casi todos de la provincia de Asturias. Los hombres venían a trabajar en los 25 o más altos hornos de zinc espacidos por los pueblos y comunidades rurales de diez estados. Las mujeres trajeron miles de niños al mundo en América...

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Epílogo

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pp. 234-241

Mi padre dejó Glenncoe para San Luis en mayo de 1926. En agosto, Neto y yo nos reunimos con él. Nos alojamos en una casa española, y mientras papá, el tío David y el primo Lano estaban ocupados haciendo su trabajo, Neto me llevó a buscar trabajo. Fuimos por Broadway y nos bajamos del autobús...

Back Cover

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E-ISBN-13: 9781935978282
E-ISBN-10: 1935978284
Print-ISBN-13: 9781933202143
Print-ISBN-10: 1933202149

Page Count: 246
Publication Year: 2011

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