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Sex & Gender in Biomedicine

Theories, Methodologies, Results

Ineke Klinge and Claudia Wiesemann, Editors

Publication Year: 2011

Sex and gender in biomedicine are innovative research concepts of theoretical and clinical medicine that enable a better understanding of health and disease, evidence-based knowledge, effective therapies, and better health outcomes for women and men. Gender medicine, which focuses on the impact of gender on human physiology, pathophysiology, and clinical features of diseases, stimulates new ways of doing research by considering sex and gender at all levels of investigation, from basic research into gene polymorphisms to health behavior. New research questions have been put forward that focus not on differences per se but on the developmnetal path of these differences. In this book, contributions from the fields of neuroscience, addiction research, and organ transplantation exemplify concepts, approaches, methods and results in the field of gender medicine.

Published by: The University of Akron Press

Front matter

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Table of contents

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pp. 5-

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Preface

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pp. 7-

The German federal state of Lower Saxony has for a long time been supporting efforts to integrate gender into academic research. Following the recommendations of Reports from Research on Women: outlook for Sciences, Technology, and Medicine (1997), a Lower Saxonian research network for women and gender research was established and funded with the total sum of 7.5 Mio. DM over a time period of five years. In...

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Preface

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pp. 9-

Gender Medicine is a relatively new term for a scientific domain that strives for integration of sex and gender aspects as recognised determinants of health and disease in biomedical research and clinical practice. To further advance this innovative field, the University Medicine G

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Editorial

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pp. 11-13

Gender Medicine has become a remarkable feature of international medical research, be it in publication or journal titles, lecture series or newly founded academic chairs as recently in Vienna. The growing use of the term Gender Medicine highlights that a scientific domain has evolved striving to integrate sex and gender aspects in biomedical research, clinical practice and public health. In Gender Medicine...

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Sex and gender in biomedicine: promises for women and men. How incorporation of sex and gender in researchwill lead to a better health care

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pp. 15-32

Gender studies involvement with life sciences and biomedical research has a long-standing tradition. The innovation of ‘traditional’ biomedicine started with the women’s health movement and the feminist critique of science in the 1980s. Involvement with life sciences and biomedical research is visible in publications as early as ‘Alice through the Microscope’ by the Brighton Women and Science group...

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Gender issues in living organ donation: medical, social, and ethical aspects

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pp. 33-55

Organ donation has complex medical, social, and ethical aspects. In this paper, we address sex and gender issues in organ transplantation, precisely, differences between men and women donating or receiving an organ. In many Western countries, about twice as many women as men donate a kidney. This fact, however, is still often neglected in medical and ethical overviews of organ transplantation. For...

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Sex, gender, and the brain – biological determinism versus socio-cultural constructivism

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pp. 57-76

The question of sex differences1 in the human brain is being controversially discussed since mid 19th century and has not lost its discursive power until today, neither in the scientific debate (1–4) nor in popular science literature (5–7), to name only a few examples. One reason for this ongoing debate is the aim not only

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The brain between sex and gender – women and men from a neuroscientific perspective

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pp. 79-99

Sex and gender differences in the brain belong to the most fascinating research topics of modern neuroscience. In 1903, the provocative book ‘On the Physiological Feeble-Mindedness of Women’ by neurologist Dr. Paul Julius Moebius (1) had sold out eight print runs within a very short time. Today, the book market is virtually...

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Sex and gender in addiction research and therapy

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pp. 101-123

Research in psychiatry focusing on sex and gender differences takes various aspects into account, ranging from the availability of services, epidemiological and etiological considerations, the metabolisation of drugs, to gender-specific stigmatisation or patient satisfaction and retention in treatment. Multiple issues play an important role in clinical practice and deserve special attention, although there are still several topics that have not been thoroughly studied so far, since there is a...

Contributors

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pp. 125-128


E-ISBN-13: 9781935603689
E-ISBN-10: 193560368X
Print-ISBN-13: 9781935603054
Print-ISBN-10: 1935603051

Page Count: 126
Illustrations: 11 graphs, 8 photos
Publication Year: 2011