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Ireland Through European Eyes

Western Europe, the EEC and Ireland, 1945-1973

Edited by Mervyn O’Driscoll, Dermot Keogh, and Jérôme aan de Wiel

Publication Year: 2013

This novel collection draws together a European field of expertise and resources. It reveals how Belgian, French, Italian, Luxembourg, Dutch, and West German politicians, policymakers and commentators perceived independent Ireland from the end of the Second World War until Irish accession to the European Economic Community (EEC) in 1973. These six West European states initiated and sustained the integration process from the debris of the Second World War. They offered Ireland a developmental and international alternative to small nation state obscurity and vulnerability. Together with the EEC institutions of the Commission and the Council of Ministers principally, these states both transformed European relations and determined the fate of Ireland’s application to enter the EEC after 1961.

Published by: Cork University Press

Cover

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p. C-C

Title Page, Copyright, Dedication

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pp. i-vi

Contents

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pp. vii-viii

Acknowledgements

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pp. ix-xii

Abbreviations

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pp. xiii-xiv

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Preface

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pp. xv-xx

I AM GRATEFUL to the Irish Research Council for the Humanities and Social Sciences (IRCHSS) for the funding which enabled the international consortium of historians to work for the past six years on the theme, ‘Ireland and European integration in a comparative international context’, of which this volume of essays is the first publication in a series of specialist studies. This project is the culmination of a personal engagement...

Notes on Contributors

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pp. xxi-xxii

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Introduction

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pp. 1-8

BELGIUM, the Netherlands, Luxembourg, West Germany, France and Italy were the main state instigators of a movement for European integration after the Second World War. These six states (the Six) founded the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) in 1951 and then the EEC (European Economic Community) and the EAEC (the European Atomic...

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CHAPTER ONE - West Germany

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pp. 9-74

GERMANY and Ireland confronted very different legacies after the Second World War. The Allies partitioned Germany and after 1949 the newly created FRG (Federal Republic of Germany, also referred to as West Germany), with its capital in Bonn, pursued integration into the Western democratic fold. The first chancellor of West Germany, Konrad...

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CHAPTER TWO - France

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pp. 75-127

FRANCO-Irish relations were characterised by an old tradition of friendship, but from the late 19th century onwards they gradually loosened: the Franco-British alliance became a central component of French defence policy and Paris distanced itself from Dublin as it could not afford to vex its ally over the Irish question. In the 1960s, many bilateral meetings were held...

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CHAPTER THREE - Italy and the Holy See

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pp. 128-189

THE Italian diplomatic archives on Ireland, housed at the Dipartimento degli Affari Esteri, Piazzale della Farnesina, Rome, were not open for the years 1957 to 1973, when the research for this chapter was undertaken. In order to compensate in part for that loss, Italian interwar and early post the Second World War archives have been consulted in...

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CHAPTER FOUR - The Netherlands

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pp. 190-244

CONTACTS between the Netherlands and Ireland throughout the centuries receive little attention in comparison to relations between France and Ireland or Flanders and Ireland. However, as this chapter will demonstrate, there were contacts and exchanges. Although these were comparatively limited until the 20th century, they form an important...

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CHAPTER FIVE - Belgium

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pp. 245-290

RESEARCH in the archives of the Belgian Foreign Ministry and the National Archives in Dublin reveal that, historically, most Irish- Belgian contacts were between Ireland and Flanders, the Dutch-speaking region of Belgium, and far less with Wallonia, the French-speaking region. This chapter will first give an overview of relations until the end of the...

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CHAPTER SIX - Luxembourg

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pp. 291-313

The relations between the small landlocked Grand Duchy of Luxembourg and Ireland, an island on the periphery of western Europe, are not immediately discernible,1 but there are historical parallels. Both were small powers relative to their neighbours. Luxembourg’s independence was affirmed in 1815 and confirmed in 1839 in the wake of Belgium’s independence...

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CHAPTER SEVEN - The Commission, the Council and the Irish Application for the EEC, 1961–73

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pp. 314-382

This chapter traces the evolution of both the Council of Ministers and the European Commission’s perceptions of Ireland during the 1960s and the early 1970s. In a volume devoted to tracing and analysing the respective attitudes of the Six (the original founding member states) towards the inclusion of Ireland in the first enlargement, it is also necessary to...

Notes and References

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pp. 383-456

Index

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pp. 457-482

Back Cover

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p. BC-BC


E-ISBN-13: 9781909005969
E-ISBN-10: 1909005967
Print-ISBN-13: 9781859184646
Print-ISBN-10: 1859184642

Publication Year: 2013

Edition: 1