In the Shadow of a Conflict
Crisis in Zimbabwe and its effects in Mozambique, South Africa and Zambia
Publication Year: 2013
Published by: African Books Collective
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Title Page, Copyright Page
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List of Maps, Illustrations and Tables
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This book is a result of a long-standing collaboration among six institutions, including the Department of International Environment and Development Studies (Noragric at the Norwegian University of the Life Sciences, the Institute for Poverty, Land and Agrarian Studies (PLAAS) at the University of the Western Cape, the University of Zambia, ...
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Lincoln Addison is a PhD candidate in the Department of Anthropology at Rutgers University. Since 2005, he has conducted research with Zimbabwean farm workers in northern Limpopo province, South Africa. This research informs his dissertation currently titled ‘Delegated Despotism: Frontiers of Agrarian Labor on a South African Border Farm.’ ...
1. Introduction. Crisis in Zimbabwe and its Regional Effects
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Zimbabwe has cast a powerful regional and international shadow since it became independent in 1980 and more recently, through the crises of the first decade of the twenty-first century. The 2000s were a decade of combined political, economic and social crises in Zimbabwe following what had been a relatively successful twenty years of independence since 1980. The scale, depth ...
2. Reflections on National Dynamics, Responses and Discourses in a Regional Context
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Neighbouring governments’ policies and responses to the developing crisis1 in Zimbabwe have since 2000 attempted to reduce violence and strengthen democracy in the country while supporting to varying degrees the government and its leader, Robert Mugabe. The Southern African Development Commu-nity (SADC) made efforts to end violence during the parliamentary elections ...
3. Poverty, Shelter and Opportunities
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It was during the year 2008 – the year of the most dramatic and most contested elections in Zimbabwe to date – that unprecedented numbers of Zimbabwe-ans crossed the border to seek refuge in Mozambique. While the majority of those who left the country during the decade from 2000 went to South Africa (UNHCR, 2010), thousands also crossed into Mozambican territory. A sig-...
4. Settling for Less? Zimbabwean Farmers and Commercial Farming in Mozambique
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With the start of large-scale evictions on commercial farms in Zimbabwe from 2000 onwards, and a much wider series of political and economic crises, Mozambique’s Manica Province (hereafter referred to as Manica2) along the central-west border with Zimbabwe became a preferred site of relocation for a relatively small yet not insignificant group of displaced white commercial farm-...
5. Reversing the Flows of People, Skills and Goods
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The Manica miracle is over! The dreams of a commercial agriculture boom in Manica driven by foreign investment and foreign farmers have proved to be a Mozambique’s much talked-about ‘green revolution’ cannot be simply providing a few inputs or even a range of new technologies. It requires radical changes to the entire agricultural value chain, new ways of thinking about rural develop-...
6. Governing the South African/Zimbabwean Border
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Borders in the contemporary world mark independent nation-states that attempt to control movements of people and goods across them. In southern Africa these national boundaries have a profound historical importance due to the efforts by the colonial governments of what are now Zimbabwe, Namibia, Mozambique and especially South Africa to mark the division between colo-...
7. Hierarchies, Violence, Gender
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I came as a river jumper but was given a work permit. This shows mercy…. By 2008, the number of Zimbabweans working on farms on the South Afri-can side of the border was conservatively estimated at 20,000. This excluded the growing number of Zimbabweans living on farms without the knowledge or consent of owners. In this period of economic collapse and hyperinflation ...
8. Finding Shelter and Work in the Communal Areas of Limpopo
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South Africa’s communal areas have become the homes and work places for sig-nificant numbers of Zimbabweans. As elsewhere in South Africa, newly arriv-ing Zimbabweans come in search of employment, housing and an escape from suffering and insecurity. However, the realities of life in the communal lands provide a different context for obtaining shelter, security and work.2 We suggest ...
9. Factions in the Field
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...‘Ndiyo Joni yacho’ (this is Johannesburg), a young Zimbabwean woman says to me when I ask her about sex work in the farm compound. Our conversation takes place on Heddon Estates, a large-scale tomato farm nestled along the banks of the Limpopo River. A torn plastic tarpaulin wrapped around stick poles cordons off the small fire-pit in front of her hut. I am seated on a plastic ...
10. Farms as Camps
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In J.M. Coetzee’s (1983) novel Life and Times of Michael K, the protagonist walks through a South Africa torn by civil war, from Cape Town to Prince Albert in the Western Cape. Here he seeks freedom on an abandoned farm below the Swartberg mountains, getting by on a meagre living, scraping up the leftovers in livestock troughs or trying to grow pumpkins. He is then incarcer-...
11. Home away from Home
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Just after the turn of the millennium, a series of farm invasions began in Zim-babwe that would eventually see some 150,000 farm workers and an unknown number of commercial farm families flee the country.2 Most of the farm work-ers crossed, legally or illegally, into South Africa, Mozambique, or Malawi. The farm owners and their families, most of European descent, faced a differ-...
12. The impact of the Zimbabwean crisis on informal cross-border trade with Zambia
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The economic crisis in Zimbabwe in the past decade has led to extraordinary growth in informal cross-border trade (CBT). Within the informal economy lies informal cross-border trade, which is unrecognized and often deemed ille-gal. For the purposes of this chapter, ‘informal cross-border trade’ is defined as trade where the movement of goods and services across borders is, by and ...
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B ack cover
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Page Count: 364
Publication Year: 2013