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Zimbabwe: Mired in Transition

Zimbabwe: Mired in Transition

Eldred V. Masunungure, Jabusile M. Shumba

Publication Year: 2014

Three years after the advent of Zimbabwe's Inclusive Government in February 2009, the country still awaits the elections that people hope will lead to a more enduring political settlement. Zimbabwe: Mired in Transition reviews the experience of recent years assesses the progress that has been made. What is the public mood, and how has it changed? What steps have been taken to reform the media? How important is a new constitution. Although the economy has stabilised to some extent with the adoption of a multi-currency regime, industrial and agricultural production are depressed, and investment inflows are limited; what spaces exist for fiscal reform? Are local authority structures and the state bureaucracy equipped to handle the tasks that will ne asked of them? In terms of two important areas, the book extends its analysis further back than 2009. First, is the issue of emigration. Estimates of the number of Zimbabweans in the diaspora range from three to four million; what impact us this having on national development, and to what extent might the trend of migration be reversed? The second concerns young people, the chapter on which concludes: 'We already have a "lost generation" - those who were once called the "born frees". Unless positive changes are made, we will still have another'. This collection of eleven essays examines in detail some of the pressing questions which Zimbabweans must ask as they chart a way forward.

Published by: African Books Collective

Title Page, Copyright Page

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Contents

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pp. v-vi

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Acknowledgments

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pp. vii-

Many individuals contributed towards the preparation and production of this book, and to all we are extremely grateful. Foremost we extend our profound gratitude to the authors, who painstakingly persevered throughout the iterative journey of this publication; we appreciate...

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Foreword

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pp. viii-x

Zimbabwe’s democratization debate has occupied much discourse on whether the conflict-ridden country is in transition or not. This is in a context where there is doubt about the nature of the state itself: on one hand, is it a fragile state, and on the other, is it a strong and...

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Introduction

Eldred V. Masunungure & Jabusile M. Shumba

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pp. xi-xxx

From its inception as a modern state in 1890 through to the present, Zimbabwe has never been a full-fledged democracy, despite having regular (if flawed) elections. During the 90 years of settler colonialism, which ended in 1980 with the achievement of majority rule, it...

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1. The Public Mood on Zimbabwe’s Political Transition

Eldred V. Masunungure & Anyway Ndapwadza-Chingwete

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pp. 1-28

Following a political impasse resulting from the flawed 2008 elections, three major political parties (the long-ruling Zimbabwe African National Union – Patriotic Front (ZANU-PF) and the two Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) parties1), under the auspices of former...

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2. Political Speech & Access to Public Broadcast Media by Political Parties in Zimbabwe

Lyndon Tuyani Nkomo

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pp. 29-62

Free political discourse is an essential tenet of any functioning democracy. Citizens and organised societies must be able to fully engage themselves in unhindered political debates and as such must have equal access to the media that enables them to express their views in...

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3. Reflections on the Significance of Constitutions & Constitutionalism for Zimbabwe

Greg Linington

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pp. 63-98

What is the significance of a Constitution in the affairs of a state? Section 3 of Zimbabwe’s current Constitution provides an answer: ‘This Constitution is the supreme law of Zimbabwe and if any other law is inconsistent with this Constitution that other law shall, to the extent...

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4. Transitional Justice & Security Sector Governance Combating Sexual & Gender-Based Violence in Zimbabwe

Annie Barbara Chikwanha

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pp. 99-124

Zimbabwean women’s tribulations pre-date the Third Chimurenga (2000 to date) and paint a rather sombre vision of the future if ameliorative action on combating sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) is not taken by all key actors on the political landscape. Generally, survivors...

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5. Exorcising the Spectre of Electoral Authoritarianism in Zimbabwe’s Political Transition

Eldred V. Masunungure & Jabusile M. Shumba

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pp. 125-154

Zimbabwe’s recent political trajectory has been a source of much frustration to many citizens and promoters of democratic polity. Its democratisation seems to be moving at a glacial pace. The reality, though, is that its transition from authoritarianism was never going...

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6. Fiscal Space Challenges, Policy Options & Zimbabwe’s Economic Recovery

Jabusile M. Shumba & Mohammed Jahed

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pp. 155-173

The Zimbabwe economy experienced a precipitous decline between 1999 and 2008, cumulatively losing at least 48 per cent of GDP (Government of Zimbabwe (GoZ), 2009). By March 2007, the economy was operating in a hyperinflationary environment,1 largely because

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7. Migration & Development Issues & some lessons for Zimbabwe

Daniel Makina

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pp. 174-204

In 2009, the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) reported that every year more than five million people cross international borders to go and live in a developed country. The UNDP estimates that as of 2008, 214 million people or 3.1 per cent of the world’s population...

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8. Upgrading Zimbabwe’s Bureaucratic Quality

Myo Naing

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pp. 205-229

Civilisation and bureaucracy have always gone hand in hand. As soon as the term ‘bureaucracy’ was popularised, something pejorative and inefficient was associated with it. However, contrary to the popular view, bureaucracy is one of the indispensable and vital organs of state...

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9. The Role of Local Authorities in Democratic Transition

Norbert Musekiwa

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pp. 230-251

Zimbabwe is in the painstaking process of recovering from the decade- long sociopolitical and economic crisis that began in 2000. The support and capacity of local government structures is crucial to seeing this evolve. Following the March 2008 harmonised elections...

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10. Youth in Zimbabwe – A Lost Generation

Mary Ndlovu

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pp. 252-282

With exuberance we saluted them as the born frees, those lucky ones born after 18 April 1980. They would never have to live as colonised subjects. Countless opportunities would open up in front of them, and they would simply have to pluck the fruit that had so long been...

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11. The Fast-Track Land Reform Programme. Impacts on the Environment & Agriculture

Vupenyu Dzingirai, Emmanuel Manzungu and Owen Nyamwanza

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pp. 283-308

That many African countries advocate for and have implemented land reform as a part of post-colonial restoration is a much-discussed topic, particularly in relation to southern Africa. Here, the different and sometimes painful drive to land reform has been observed in young...

Contributors

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pp. 309-312

Back Cover

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E-ISBN-13: 9781779222077
Print-ISBN-13: 9781779222022

Page Count: 344
Publication Year: 2014

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Subject Headings

  • Zimbabwe -- Politics and government.
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