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Beyond Proprietorship. Murphreeís Laws on Community-Based Natural Resource Management in Southern Africa

Murphreeís Laws on Community-Based Natural Resource Management in Southern Africa

B. B. Mukamuri, J. M. Manjengwa

Publication Year: 2009

Dr. Marshall Murphree is a prominent scholar in the ˇelds of common property theory, rural development, and natural resource management. After graduating from the London School of Economics with a doctorate in social anthropology, he returned home to Zimbabwe to work as a missionary before joining the University of Zimbabwe, where he became director, and subsequently Professor Emeritus, of the Centre for Applied Social Sciences. Beyond Proprietorship presents a range of contributions to the May 2007 conference held to honour Murphreeís work, and it conveys his central concerns of equality and fairness. The focus is on marginalised people living in poor and remote regions of Zimbabwe, but also includes important discussions about the policy implications of regional tenure regimes, and the place of local resource management in global conservation politics. The book is essential reading for anyone interested in the recent history and experience of remote area development, semi-arid agriculture, conservation, and wildlife utilisation in southern Africa.

Published by: African Books Collective

Title Page

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pp. iii

Copyright Page

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pp. iv


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pp. v-vii

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1. Introduction

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pp. 1-6

This book seeks to capture the spirit of Professor Marshall Murphree’s work and convictions from the past, present and in shaping future research initiatives. The book is based on a collection of papers that were prepared for and presented at a conference hosted in honour of Murphree’s work, held at Leopard Rock Hotel...

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2. Murphee's Laws, Principles, Rules and Definitions

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pp. 7-28

Marshall Murphree’s ‘laws’ are rules linking people, conservation, sustainable use and development. Murphree himself did not call them ‘laws’ – the label was given to them by his admirers. In some of his writings, he enunciated principles which later assumed such status; elsewhere in his work, it has been left...

3. Rethinking the Building Blocks

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pp. 29-40

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4. Beacon and Barometer

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pp. 41-57

This declaration comes from around 360 years ago in the period of the English Revolution, when supporters of Parliament had just ‘liberated’ England from the efforts of Charles I to institute an unpopular (religious) ideology and an absolute form of monarchy against the broad will of the people. However, the leaders of the Parliamentary faction had then gone on to utilise their new...

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5. Global-local linkages

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pp. 58-72

This chapter will analyse the global context for natural resource management, and will highlight how even the most ‘local strategies’ are interlinked with global networks and affected by the wider global context. This is apparent in the ways that Community Based Natural Resource Management (CBNRM)...

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6. Rural Institutions

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pp. 73-88

The last two and half decades have been characterised by numerous academic studies on rural institutions and their prospective roles in the governance of locally available natural resources: flora, fauna and aquatic resources. Academic staff members associated with both the Centre for Applied Social Sciences (CASS) and the Institute for Environmental Studies (IES)...

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7. More than Socially Embedded

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pp. 89-122

Controversies over land tenure reform in post-apartheid South Africa resonate strongly with those raging elsewhere in Africa. This chapter focuses on a recent South African law, the Communal Land Rights Act of 2004, and relates debates around the Act to long-standing arguments on the nature...

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8. Conflicts and Comercialisation Pressures over Forest Resources in the Post-Fast Track Land Reform Context in Zimbabwe

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pp. 123-135

Zimbabwe’s post-independence land reform programme emphasised distribution of land for social equity to restore the colonially created imbalances (Mamimine 2003; Marimira and Odero 2003). Gonese and Mukora (2003) documented the resettlement models that the Government of Zimbabwe...

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9. Gender Issues Surrounding Water Development & Management in Chishawasha Settlement Area

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pp. 136-150

A large proportion (70 per cent) of Zimbabweans live in rural areas and their livelihood is closely linked to access, use and management of natural resources such as water for both subsistence and income generation. Water is increasingly being recognised as a strategic resource that is a hallmark of sustainable...

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10. Participatory Development of Community-based Management Plans for Livestock Feed Resources in Semi-arid Areas of Zimbabwe:

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pp. 151-163

For many years there has been awareness and concern in Zimbabwe about the use and management of natural resources by the government and various individuals, researchers, and extension agencies. There have been concerns about the poor management and the resulting degradation and depletion...

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11. Local Environmental Action Planning

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pp. 164-178

Despite huge efforts and large amounts of international aid money, little progress has been made in reducing poverty, and the world’s environment is regarded as still too fragile (Kothari and Minogue 2002). The situation remains of the struggle of rural people to find acceptable livelihoods within...

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12. Trying to Make Sense of it All

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pp. 179-197

After some twelve years of experience with communal natural resource management in southern Africa, Murphree (2000) found that the robust devolution necessary for effective local management regimes had not been achieved. Paraphrasing G. K. Chesterton, Murphree suggests that like Christianity, CBNRM...

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13. Taking Murphree’s Principles into the Future

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pp. 198-200

This concluding section is a synopsis informed partly by the contributions included in this book. Moreover, it is informed by discussions and deliberations that occurred during the conference held to honour Professor Murphree’s contribution to scholarship and natural resources governance in southern Africa...

Notes on Contributors

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pp. 201-202

Back Cover

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E-ISBN-13: 9781779221179
Print-ISBN-13: 9781779220721

Page Count: 212
Publication Year: 2009