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Enduring Legacy

The M. D. Anderson Foundation and the Texas Medical Center

William Henry Kellar

Publication Year: 2014

At the heart of Houston stands the Texas Medical Center. This dense complex of educational, clinical, and hospital facilities offers state-of-the-art patient care, basic science, and applied research in more than fifty medicine-related institutions. Three medical schools, four schools of nursing, and schools of dentistry, public health, and pharmacology occupy the thousand-acre campus.

But none of this would exist if not for the generosity and vision of Monroe Dunaway Anderson, who, in 1936, established the foundation that bears his name. The M. D. Anderson Foundation ultimately became the driving force behind creating and shaping this leading-edge medical complex into what it is today.

Enduring Legacy: The M. D. Anderson Foundation and the Texas Medical Center provides a unique perspective on the indispensable role the foundation played in the creation of the Texas Medical Center. It also offers a case study of how public and private institutions worked together to create this veritable city of health that has since become the largest medical complex in human history.

Historian William Henry Kellar caps off a decade of research on institutions and characters associated with the Texas Medical Center.  He draws on oral histories, extensive archival work, and a growing secondary literature to provide an absorbing account of this leading institution of modern medicine and the philanthropy that made it possible.

Published by: Texas A&M University Press

Title Page, Copyright Page, Dedication

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pp. i-vi


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pp. vii-viii

List of Illustrations

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pp. ix-x

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George H. W. Bush and James A. Baker, III

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pp. xi-xiv

...There are many reasons why the two of us believe that Houston is a world-class city. Atop that list, of course, are the intelligent, innovative, and, above all, visionary people who have persevered to turn their city from a mudhole along Buffalo Bayou into a thriving metropolis that nurtures some of the finest institutions in the world. The vast expanses of outer space have...

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pp. xv-xx

...Originally it began as a biography of Monroe Dunaway Anderson. But as time passed, the project evolved into a broader history of the cotton firm he cofounded, Anderson, Clayton & Company, with a view toward including a chapter on the Anderson Foundation as part of the firm’s legacy. Over the years, I continued my research for this project as time permitted...

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pp. xxi-xxx

...1930s, it was the M. D. Anderson Foundation, established by Monroe Dunaway Anderson in 1936, that ultimately became the driving force behind creating and shaping the center of today. Indeed, this spectacular concentration of institutions dedicated to healing, medical research, and education took years...

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Chapter 1. Early Houston: A Magnet for Entrepreneurs in Business and Medicine

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pp. 1-23

...Houston, Texas, was founded in August 1836 by two land speculators, brothers Augustus C. and John Kirby Allen. From the beginning, the city has attracted ambitious people, many of whom built successful businesses and accumulated great wealth. Along with a driving ambition, the Allen brothers also possessed...

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Chapter 2. Building the Fortune: Anderson, Clayton & Company

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pp. 24-47

...At the turn of the twentieth century, Houston continued as a magnet for a myriad of enterprising businessmen who realized the gain to be found in lumber, cotton, and, later, oil. The individuals who came to Houston recognizing the city’s economic opportunities all shared certain traits: drive, stamina...

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Chapter 3. The Legal Team: Fulbright, Crooker, Freeman & Bates

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pp. 48-65

...While the city of Houston provided the setting in which the cotton firm Anderson, Clayton & Company achieved global prominence and earned Monroe D. Anderson a sizable fortune, the law firm known for most of its history as Fulbright & Jaworski LLP played a key role as the company’s legal advisor. In time, these attorneys...

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Chapter 4. Legacy: Creating the M. D. Anderson Foundation

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pp. 66-82

...When Monroe Dunaway Anderson established his charitable foundation in 1936, few Houstonians other than his close friends, family, and the employees of Anderson, Clayton & Company knew much about him. But Anderson created a legacy almost unparalleled in Houston’s history, a philanthropic foundation...

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Chapter 5. Bold Vision: First Steps toward Building a Medical

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pp. 83-97

...During the spring of 1942, while the University of Texas board of regents considered the Anderson Foundation’s proposal to locate the state’s new cancer hospital in Houston, the Anderson Foundation trustees began to think seriously about also creating a major medical center. Dr. E. W. Bertner, one of the city’s leading physicians, had long dreamed of creating...

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Chapter 6. Building Blocks: Baylor University College of Medicine

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pp. 98-116

...During the months that E. W. Bertner was scrambling to open the cancer hospital and Frederick Elliott was busy lobbying the state legislature to assimilate the Texas Dental College into the University of Texas, a storm was building in Dallas over Baylor University College of Medicine. The events that occurred in North...

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Chapter 7. “One of the Greatest Medical Centers Ever Developed”

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pp. 117-136

...By the first months of 1944, the M. D. Anderson Foundation trustees could list a cancer research hospital, a medical school, a dental college, and a 134-acre tract of land as core components of their planned medical center in Houston. Although many people would have a part in creating the Texas Medical Center...

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Chapter 8. A Building Boom in the Texas Medical Center

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pp. 137-160

...Dr. E. W. Bertner’s death in July 1950 was a sobering moment in what had been a year of great activity and excitement in the Texas Medical Center. Bertner’s leadership shaped the development of the medical center and inspired those with whom he worked. He had been president of the board of trustees and also served as the director. The challenge facing the Texas Medical...

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Chapter 9. The Biggest Medical Center in the World

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pp. 161-186

...Fifty years after the end of what has been characterized as its “founding era” in 1962, the Texas Medical Center is today recognized as the largest medical complex in the world. The number of institutions that formally joined the Texas Medical Center had increased from a handful during the formative years to over fifty by 2012. As the Texas Medical Center continued to add...

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Epilogue: The Enduring Legacy of Monroe Dunaway Anderson

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pp. 187-200

...During the years since it was created in 1936, the M. D. Anderson Foundation has given millions of dollars to a wide variety of educational, charitable, and health-related institutions, all part of the exceptional legacy of Monroe Dunaway Anderson. Although this book focused on the Texas Medical Center and the Anderson Foundation’s role in its creation, it is useful here to summarize...

Appendix 1. M. D. Anderson Foundation Trustees, 1936–2013

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pp. 201-202

Appendix 2. Texas Medical Center Member Institutions

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pp. 203-206


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pp. 207-232

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A Note on Sources

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pp. 233-236

...The secondary literature used in this study is cited in the endnotes that appear for each chapter. Primary research materials for this history came from several major sources, including the files of the M. D. Anderson Foundation, the McGovern Historical Collections and Research Center of the Houston Academy of Medicine–Texas Medical Center Library, the Houston Metropolitan...


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pp. 237-250

Back Cover

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E-ISBN-13: 9781623491406
E-ISBN-10: 1623491401
Print-ISBN-13: 9781623491314

Page Count: 280
Publication Year: 2014

Research Areas


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Subject Headings

  • Texas Medical Center -- History.
  • M.D. Anderson Foundation (Houston, Tex.) -- History.
  • Anderson, Monroe D. (Monroe Dunaway), 1873-1939.
  • Medical centers -- Texas -- Houston -- History.
  • Houston (Tex.) -- History.
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