Big Bend's Ancient and Modern Past
Publication Year: 2013
With Big Bend’s Ancient and Modern Past, editors Bruce A. Glasrud and Robert J. Mallouf provide a helpful compilation of articles originally published in the Journal of Big Bend Studies, reviewing the unique past of the Big Bend area from the earliest habitation to 1900.
Scholars of the region investigate not only the peoples who have successively inhabited it but also the nature of the environment and the responses to that environment. As the studies in this book demonstrate, the character of the region has, to a great extent, dictated its history.
The study of Big Bend history is also the study of borderlands history. Studying and researching across borders or boundaries, whether national, state, or regional, requires a focus on the factors that often both unite and divide the inhabitants. The dual nature of citizenship, of land holding, of legal procedures and remedies, of education, and of history permeate the lives and livelihoods of past and present residents of the Big Bend.
Published by: Texas A&M University Press
Download PDF (8.4 MB)
Download PDF (118.4 KB)
Download PDF (95.3 KB)
Download PDF (88.0 KB)
...the big bend of texas is one of those places that exist more vividly in the imagination than in reality. Everyone in texas has a story about it, even though there is not total agreement among texans about exactly where it is. the region takes its name from the big bend in the Rio Grande, which starts to deflect southward from its southeast course just at the ...
Download PDF (84.3 KB)
We received considerable help in preparing and publishing this book. For that assistance we wish to thank a number of people. We are of course grateful for the cooperation of the authors whose studies are featured. We are indebted to members of the staff at the Center for big bend Stud-ies who aided and supported us. Particularly helpful were the late Ellen ...
Introduction: Big Bend History and Prehistory
Download PDF (156.4 KB)
...the big bend region of texas, sometimes referred to as El despoblado or “the uninhabited land,” and sometimes as a land of contrasts, as texas’ last frontier, or as a part of the trans-Pecos, has had a long, colorful, and eventful history, a history that began before written records were main-tained. this study, Big Bend’s Ancient and Modern Past, reviews the unique ...
I. Prehistory Meets History
1. Cradles, Cribs, and Mattresses: Prehistoric Sleeping Accommodations in the Chihuahuan Desert
Download PDF (1.2 MB)
Although people spend more time sleeping than they do eating or produc-ing tools, archaeologists know considerably more about food preparation and flint knapping than they do about beds and mattresses. two dry rock-shelters, one in southwestern texas and one in northern Coahuila, have produced some well-preserved examples of early bedding that was ...
2. Comments on the Prehistory of Far Northeastern Chihuahua, the La Junta District, and the Cielo Complex
Download PDF (2.3 MB)
...the far northeastern region of Chihuahua is defined arbitrarily as a rectangular area bound on the north by the Rio Grande (Río bravo del Norte), on the west by the lower reaches of the Río Conchos, on the east by the Chihuahua-Coahuila border, and on the south by a line extend-ing approximately from Cuchillo Parado on the lower Río Conchos to ...
3. The Rough Run Burial: A Semisubterranean Cairn Burial from Brewster County, Texas
Download PDF (4.7 MB)
Prehistoric peoples traversed the rugged trans-Pecos landscape for thou-sands of years focused on survival in this harsh and formidable environ-ment. Over the course of time many Native Americans lived and died in the desert, with some remains ultimately interred or disposed of in accordance with various belief systems. Although numerous prehistoric ...
4. The Río Conchos Drainage: History, Archaeology, Significance
Download PDF (138.0 KB)
...the Río Conchos drainage is the major river system of Chihuahua. its major tributaries originate in the Sierra Madre Occidental—one of them (the Río Florido), in the state of durango. the Río Conchos joins the Rio Grande (Río bravo) at La Junta de los Ríos, near Oji-naga, Chihuahua, and Presidio, texas. At the river junction the Río ...
II. History Meets Native Americans
5. Native American and Mestizo Farming at La Junta de los Ríos
Download PDF (145.3 KB)
...the lands of La Junta de los Ríos—the junction of the Río Conchos from Chihuahua and the Rio Grande or Río bravo in the texas big bend—have been home to farming peoples for many centuries. the origins of these farmers in the Late Prehistoric period may lie with migratory Puebloan groups—more properly Jornada Mogollon—who settled La Junta about ...
6. The Peyote Religion and Mescalero Apaches: An Ethnohistorical View from West Texas
Download PDF (151.4 KB)
Peyote, an unassuming, spineless cactus known for its mind-altering ef-fects, has for centuries held a central place in the religious traditions of numerous indigenous groups in North America. Most of the contempo-rary border of the Rio Grande/Río bravo between the northern Mexico states of tamaulipas, Coahuila, Nuevo León, and Chihuahua and almost ...
7. Spanish-Indian Relations in the Big Bend Region during the Eighteenth and Early Nineteenth Centuries
Download PDF (133.0 KB)
For most of the eighteenth century, the big bend was really Apache country. Apache warriors had grabbed this land when they were newly empowered by the horse and irresistibly drawn toward the Spanish fron-tier source of that animal. in taking the region, Apaches ousted, destroyed, or absorbed countless little groups of indigenous peoples, who vanished ...
8. New Light on Chisos Apache Indian Chief Alsate
Download PDF (157.7 KB)
...behind every place name in the big bend region of texas there is a story, and some of these stories are fascinating. Many names are descriptive of a feature or a locality, and their origins are obvious. As examples, Mitre Peak near the brewster-Jeff davis county line was first known as bishop’s Mitre for its shape, and tornillo Creek in southern brewster County was ...
III. Settlers & Settlements
9. Settlements and Settlers at La Junta de los Ríos, 1759–1822
Download PDF (166.5 KB)
...“La Junta de los Ríos del Norte y Conchos,” as Spanish officials frequently called the region, was indeed an appropriate title for it. Located where the Río Conchos empties into the Rio Grande in the vicinity of today’s Ojinaga, Chihuahua, and Presidio, texas, it has been the center of hu-man habitation along the Rio Grande in the borderlands between del Rio ...
10. Mexican American Traditional Foodways at La Junta de los Ríos
Download PDF (171.5 KB)
As in many other cultures, food among the Mexicanos of La Junta1 is important beyond its function of nurturing the physical body. it is at the center of many important social events, from family meals to larger fiestas, including more private rites of passage such as weddings and fiestas de las quinceañeras (puberty rites celebrat ing girls’ fifteenth birthdays) and ...
11. Naming Practices among the Black Seminole of the Texas-Mexico Border Region
Download PDF (173.5 KB)
Kenneth Wiggins Porter (1971) was the first of a succession of Ameri-can scholars to focus upon the culturally and ethnically di verse black Seminole communities of texas and Mexico. Porter began his research in the early 1940s and continued developing his manuscript about the Seminoles throughout his professional life, although his major work on ...
12. Transient Clergy in the Trans-Pecos Area, 1848–1892
Download PDF (254.2 KB)
...the trans-Pecos region of texas extends westward from the Pecos River all the way to the El Paso district. Outside that district, where Spanish settle-ment began in 1682, there was no European-origin settlement until the mid-1800s. Given that great difference in their histories, this chapter does not include the El Paso district. the only Spanish missions established in ...
13. William Rufus Shafter with the Frontier Army in the Big Bend
Download PDF (143.2 KB)
William R. Shafter, who in 1898 led the American expeditionary force to Cuba in the Spanish-American War, served for nearly seventeen years on the texas frontier. A lieutenant colonel of the black 24th infantry, he was a bulky, lumbering, overweight man, but considered the most energetic man of his rank on the texas frontier. Although Shafter was ...
14. Acculturation on the Rio Grande Frontier: The Founding of San José Del Polvo and the Family of Lucia Rede Madrid
Download PDF (156.8 KB)
...it was unusually hot and dry in July 1852 when Major William H. Emory rode into Presidio del Norte, leading the American survey team that was mapping the international boundary between the United States and Mexico, as provided for in the treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. the temperatures, which sometimes reach 115 degrees or more in the area, ...
Glossary of Archaeological Terms
Download PDF (118.8 KB)
Download PDF (127.2 KB)
...the studies we include here ought to provide both scholars and general readers with relevant secondary sources about the history and prehis-tory of the big bend region of texas. Many of these works have proven Alexander, thomas E. Rattlesnake Bomber Base: Pyote Army Airfield in World War Anderson, Gary Clayton. The Conquest of Texas: Ethnic Cleansing in the Promised ...
Download PDF (107.9 KB)
...William A. Cloud is the director of the Center for Big Bend Studies at Sul Ross State University and has extensive archaeological experience in Texas, having served with the office of the State Archaeologist, Texas Parks and Wildlife, Big Bend National Park, and the Texas Archeological Research Laboratory. He is the author of numerous publications and has an avid interest in the archaeology and history of the Big Bend. Cloud lives in Alpine, Texas...
Download PDF (122.5 KB)
Download PDF (7.0 MB)
Page Count: 344
Publication Year: 2013