Chronicle of a Camera
The Arriflex 35 in North America, 1945-1972
Publication Year: 2013
This volume provides a history of the most consequential 35mm motion picture camera introduced in North America in the quarter century following the Second World War: the Arriflex 35. It traces the North American history of this camera from 1945 through 1972--when the first lightweight, self-blimped 35mm cameras became available.Chronicle of a Camera emphasizes theatrical film production, documenting the Arriflex's increasingly important role in expanding the range of production choices, styles, and even content of American motion pictures in this period. The book's exploration culminates most strikingly in examples found in feature films dating from the 1960s and early 1970s, including a number of films associated with what came to be known as the "Hollywood New Wave." The author shows that the Arriflex prompted important innovation in three key areas: it greatly facilitated and encouraged location shooting; it gave cinematographers new options for intensifying visual style and content; and it stimulated low-budget and independent production. Films in which the Arriflex played an absolutely central role include Bullitt, The French Connection, and, most significantly, Easy Rider. Using an Arriflex for car-mounted shots, hand-held shots, and zoom-lens shots led to greater cinematic realism and personal expression.
Published by: University Press of Mississippi
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My interest in the Arriflex 35 dates from 2004, when I purchased a and the camera professionally tuned, I ended up with a fine piece and 1970s. My pleasure in using this camera, and my growing rec-ognitions of its capabilities, led directly to my interest in tracing the North American history of the Arriflex 35 from the end of the ...
A Note on Terms
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Throughout this book, I use the designation “Arriflex 35,” in con-formity with the manufacturer’s initial practice, as a general name for the entire series of 35mm cameras based closely on the origi-nal prewar Arriflex design—the only 35mm Arriflexes made prior to the release of the 35mm Arriflex BL in the early 1970s. These ...
1. Introduction: A Thirteen-Pound Wonder
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Trade Fair in 1937, the Arriflex was a lightweight, highly portable, ture camera designed with a rotating-mirror reflex shutter (the basis for all modern reflex motion picture cameras), and thus the first professional motion picture camera to allow a cinematogra-pher to see, while filming, the exact visual field being recorded ...
2. Advantages of Portability: The Early Postwar Years
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The unveiling of the Arriflex 35 at the 1937 Leipzig Trade Fair does however, the camera’s international reputation grew as a result rapher Osmond Borradaile, the Arriflex was “the envy of Allied into Allied hands—the U.S. military commissioned an imitation, in order to take advantage of the reflex viewing system. Produced ...
3. Increasing Usefulness: The Fifties
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Moore said that he wanted to represent Arriflex in America. The upshot was that he served for a brief period as Arriflex’s represen-tative in seven western states, an endeavor into which he brought his USC film-school friend Conrad Hall. As Moore later recalled,we would sell cameras like crazy to all the studios, but that never ...
4. Technical Innovation: The Fifties and Sixties
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Arnold and Richter’s pioneering design remained largely intact remarkable testimony to the strengths of the original conception and engineering of the camera. Additional technical development also flexibility. This chapter will focus on these developments, ducing in the previous year. According to Kling’s advertising, the ...
5. A Secondary Camera of Choice: The Sixties and Early Seventies
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...pelling dramatic series that could be produced rapidly for weekly circumstances were ripe for an increased role for the Arriflex as a lightweight reflex camera that could provide, as an Arriflex adver-tisement in the Journal of the SMPTE put it in the middle of the decade, “continued assurance of proven theatre-quality footage.”1...
6. Shooting Low-Budget Features: The Sixties and Early Seventies
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...“Y’all a bunch of communists and we know what you’re doin’. You’re trying to start a revolution. . . . Get outta town or go to jail.” the sheriﬀ of East Prairie, Missouri, telling him and his film crew when they attempted to shoot a scene in a schoolyard there. Cor-otry in the South, which he was shooting—amidst growing local ...
7. Mainstream Successes: The Sixties and Early Seventies
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...invariably so. This chapter will accordingly examine Arriflex use area, television led the way with the popular series I Spy, star-Tokyo, Mexico City, Rome, and Morocco. After an initial unhappy Sheldon Leonard, the show’s executive producer, concluded that with them,1 a decision that led to the reliance on Arriflex cam-...
8. Conclusion: Master Shot
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John Boorman’s taut thriller Deliverance (1972) was made shortly tooga River, the film took an approach to its subject matter that required many very diﬃcult shots on, in, and around the edges of the rapidly moving river. According to Wally Worsley, a veteran it sound as if most of the footage could be shot hand-held, out of a ...
Appendix: Foreign Influences: The Arriflex 35 Overseas
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FIG. 1 Robert Flaherty and Richard Leacock using an early Arriflex to film FIG. 2 Richard Leacock using an early Arriflex on Louisiana Story (1948).FIG. 3 An Arriflex being used to shoot a scene in Royal Journey (1951), a documentary made by the National Film FIG. 4 Brochure for the new model Arriflex IIB, introduced in 1958.FIG. 5 Vilmos Zsigmond using an Arriflex II to shoot a commercial around 1960, with Laszlo Kovacs among the crew....
Page Count: 202
Illustrations: 43 b&w illustrations
Publication Year: 2013