Mississippi Black History Makers
Publication Year: 2009
This new edition of biographical sketches of notable blacks from Mississippi expands the edition published in 1977. A total of 166 figures are included in this new printing, all of them persons who have, by the authors' comprehensive survey, "made significant contributions in bringing about the uplift of the black race."
Black history makers are defined herein as those who have achieved national prominence in their fields, have made lasting contributions within the state as pioneers in fields where blacks were not previously allowed, or contributed in their own community or field, representing the lives of many blacks and serving as role models of what can be accomplished. Each of those included in the book either was born in Mississippi and spent a part of his or her childhood there or migrated to Mississippi and remained.
Seventy-five history makers have been added to those in the first edition which included Hiram R. Revels, the first black U.S. Senator; Blanche K. Bruce, the first black U.S. Senator to serve a six-year term; political and civil rights leaders such as Aaron Henry, Medgar Evers, and Fannie Lou Hamer; and contributors to arts and letters such as Leontyne Price, William Grant Still, Margaret Walker Alexander, and James Earl Jones; and many others./ Among those included in this new edition of Mississippi Black History Makers are William Johnson, a free black from antebellum Natchez; Margaret Murray Washington, wife of Booker T. Washington; "Bo Diddley" McDaniel, a pioneer rock-and-roll musician; Walter Payton, running back for the Chicago Bears; and other notable black Mississippians.
Information about many contemporary figures who appeared in the first edition has been updated, and the book has been reorganized in ten thematic sections: politics, civil rights, business, education, performing and visual arts, journalism and literature, military, science/medicine/social work, sports, and religion. Each section is introduced with an historical overview of this field in Mississippi, written by Margaret Dwight.
This book is a valuable reference work for those wishing to assess the contributions of blacks to the history of Mississippi. Of particular significance is the fact that it is a collection which brings attention to lesser known figures as well as those of considerable renown.
Published by: University Press of Mississippi
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Title Page, Copyright
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This edition of Mississippi Black History Makers, like the first edi-tion published in 1977, presents a panorama of biographical profileson Mississippi blacks who have made significant contributions inbringing about the uplift of the black race, from the mid-nineteenthcentury to the present. Its purpose is to reveal the most effective...
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To appreciate the impact that black politicians have had upon Mis-sissippi society, one must understand that southern politics has his-torically been based upon the racial doctrine of white supremacy,Jim Crowism, and conservatism. Southern politics was oppressive toblacks and fed upon the denial of civil liberties, executive, judicial,...
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For centuries, the black struggle to obtain civil rights in America,particularly in Mississippi, has been a gradual but continuous battle.objectives have remained unchanged. In Mississippi those engagedin the civil rights movement of the 1980s are seeking equal employ-ment opportunities, quality education, and political participation....
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Lack of capital, training, and clientele have prevented most blacktebellum period, slavery inhibited the progress of free-born blacksof black economic nationalism and self-help during and after Recon-into individualism as blacks realized their potential for economicsuccess through racial solidarity and self-help. This economic phi-...
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...within the Mississippi black community before and after freedom. Itwas the key to enlightenment, the eroding agent of ignorance, andthe catalyst to uplifting the black race—economically, socially, andpolitically. Black leaders viewed education as the economic vehiclewould eventually lead to the assimilation of the race into the main-...
Literature and Journalism
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Beginning in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, anembryonic black bourgeoise, expressed disdain for mores and cus-toms of African origin. Prior to that time black writers in the UnitedStates had imitated the writing style of white authors and chosennon-racial subject matters for commercial appeal. By the turn of the...
The Performing and Visual Arts
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The history of black music in Mississippi can be traced to its Africanorigin. The ballad, for example, gives a history of black people orments similar to those of Africans—the banjo, fiddle, drum, rattles,tambourine, and harmonica. Singing became a daily ritual, express-ing depression, oppression, resistance, and survival. Gospel music...
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The cornerstone of Mississippi black communities has historicallybeen and still is the black church. Political, social, cultural, andeconomic affairs emanated from this religious structure. The churchprovided the necessary training for preachers who espoused biblicaltruths, moral welfare, political action, civil rights, and economic...
Science, Medicine, and Social Work
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Unequal rights and opportunities in education and jobs have keptscientific achievement. This is especially true of the black experi-ence in Mississippi. For too long, blacks were denied an education;many could not obtain knowledge in the natural sciences because ofmanaged to achieve without formal training. Unjust laws prevented...
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Among blacks, the realm of sports has provided the opportunity forsuccess, escape from slums, and the avenue for fame and fortune.brains. Black athletes were generally viewed as nonintellectuals,symbolized as potent studs, and utilized as objects. In very few in-stances, did black athletes rise above these negative images. The...
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Although black Mississippians have fought and died for America'sstances—it took approximately eight wars and 300 years before theyand other blacks gained any semblance of equality in the military.On July 26,1948, President Harry S. Truman issued executive ordernumber 9981 which declared that "there shall be equality of treat-...
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Page Count: 468
Illustrations: 36 photographs, 2 line drawings (all black-white)
Publication Year: 2009