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"The Law," "The State," and Other Political Writings, 1843-1850

Frederic Bastiat

Publication Year: 2012

Published by: Liberty Fund

Cover

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p. 1-1

Title Page, Copyright

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pp. 2-7

Contents

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pp. vii-viii

General Editor’s Note

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pp. ix-x

Note on the Translation

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pp. xi-xiv

Note on the Editions of the OEuvres complètes

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pp. xv-xvi

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Acknowledgments

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pp. xvii-xviii

This translation is the result of the efforts of a team comprising Jane Willems and Michel Willems; Dr. Dennis O’Keeffe, Professor of Social Science at the University of Buckingham and Senior Research Fellow at the Institute of Economic Affairs in London, who carefully read the translation and made very helpful suggestions at every stage; ...

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Introduction

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pp. xix-xxxi

The pamphlets and articles in this volume clearly show Frédéric Bastiat to be a keen observer and analyst of the political and economic problems of his time. Many of the pamphlets were written while he was an active politician, a position he held unfortunately for only a short period of time. ...

Frédéric Bastiat Chronology

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pp. xxxii-xxxiii

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1. Reflections on the Petitions from Bordeaux, Le Havre, and Lyons Relating to the Customs Service,

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pp. 1-9

Free trade will probably suffer the fate of all freedoms; it will be introduced into our legislation only after it has taken hold of our minds. For this reason, we should applaud the efforts of the traders in Bordeaux, Le Havre, and Lyons even if the only effect of these efforts in the immediate future is to draw public attention to the matter. ...

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2. The Tax Authorities and Wine

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pp. 10-24

The production and sale of wines and spirits must of necessity be affected by the treaties and laws on finance that are currently the subject of deliberations in the chambers. ...

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3. On the Wine-Growing Question

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pp. 25-42

In one of your previous sessions you set up a commission to investigate the causes of the hardship afflicting the wine-growing sector of the département of the Landes and the means by which it would be possible to combat this. ...

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4. Property and Law

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pp. 43-59

“He who dares undertake to provide institutions to a people,” he said, “must feel that he is capable, so to speak, of changing human nature, of transforming each individual who, of himself, is a perfect and solitary whole, into a part of a much greater whole from which this individual is to receive to a certain degree his life and being; ...

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5. Justice and Fraternity

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pp. 60-81

On a great many points the Economists2 are in opposition to a number of schools of socialism, which claim to be more advanced and which are, I readily agree, more active and popular. Our adversaries (I do not wish to call them detractors) are the communists; the followers of Fourier and Owen; ...

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6. Individualism and Fraternity

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pp. 82-92

A systematic view of history and the destiny of mankind, which seems to me to be as erroneous as it is dangerous, has recently been produced.1 ...

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7. The State

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pp. 93-104

I would like someone to sponsor a prize, not of five hundred francs but of a million, with crowns, crosses, and ribbons for whoever can provide a good, simple, and understandable definition of the words “the state.” ...

8. The State (draft)

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pp. 105-106

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9. The Law

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pp. 107-146

The law corrupt? The law—and in its train all the collective forces of the nation—the law, I repeat, not only turned aside from its purpose but used to pursue a purpose diametrically opposed to it! The law turned into an instrument of all forms of cupidity instead of being a brake on them! ...

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10. Property and Plunder

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pp. 147-184

The National Assembly has been set an immense question, the answer to which is of the greatest interest to the prosperity and peace of France.2 A new right is knocking on the door of the Constitution: the right to work. Not only is it demanding a place for itself, but also it claims to take, in all or in part, the place of the right to property. ...

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11. Baccalaureate and Socialism

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pp. 185-234

I have submitted an amendment to the Assembly the object of which is to eliminate university degrees.2 My health does not allow me to develop it from the rostrum. Allow me to have recourse to the pen.3 ...

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12. Protectionism and Communism

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pp. 235-265

Do not be ungrateful to the February revolution. It surprised you, offended you perhaps, but it also prepared you as an author, orator, and privy councillor2 for unexpected triumphs. Among these successes, there is one that is certainly very extraordinary. In the last few days the following appeared in La Presse: ...

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13. Plunder and Law

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pp. 266-276

This is as if you were saying, “We do not want political economy to concern itself with society, exchange, value, right, justice, or property. We recognize two principles only, oppression and plunder.” ...

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14. The War Against Chairs of Political Economy

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pp. 277-281

We know with what bitterness men who restrict the trade of others for their own advantage complain that political economy stubbornly refuses to extol the merit of these restrictions. Although they do not hope to obtain the elimination of science, at least they pursue the dismissal of those who teach it, retaining from the Inquisition this wise maxim, ...

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15. Peace and Freedom or the Republican Budget

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pp. 282-327

How do you understand home affairs? What will your foreign policy be? Through what major measures do you mean to raise revenue? Are you undertaking to remove from us the triple plague that appears to be hovering over our heads: war, revolution, and bankruptcy? ...

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16. Discourse on the Tax on Wines and Spirits

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pp. 328-347

I wanted to discuss the question of the tax on wines and spirits as it appears to me to exist in the understandings of all of you, that is to say, from the point of view of financial and political necessity. I thought, in effect, that necessity was the only reason invoked to support the retention of this tax; ...

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17. The Repression of Industrial Unions

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pp. 348-361

I come to support the amendment of my honorable friend M. Morin; but I cannot support it without also examining the commission’s draft. It is impossible to discuss M. Morin’s amendment without involuntarily, so to speak, entering into the general discussion, and this obliges us to discuss the commission as well. ...

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18. Reflections on the Amendment of M. Mortimer-Ternaux

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pp. 362-365

No, I am not mistaken; I feel a democratic heart beating within my breast. How is it then that so often I find myself in opposition to these men who proclaim themselves to be the sole representatives of democracy? ...

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19. Parliamentary Conflicts of Interest

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pp. 366-400

We have translated the title of this pamphlet as “Parliamentary Conflicts of Interest” (and related occurrences of the word incompatibilités as “conflicts of interest”) instead of retaining the literal English translation, which presents some awkwardness. In the context of this pamphlet, Bastiat is referring to the matter of civil servants ...

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Bastiat’s Political Writings: Anecdotes and Reflections

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pp. 401-416

In the present volume, we focus on Bastiat’s political writings, most of which were written in the 1840s on behalf of the various political campaigns in which Bastiat was involved. Not surprisingly, Bastiat was greatly affected, both personally and in his political outlook, by those campaigns and the people and events associated with them: ...

Glossary of Persons

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pp. 417-450

Glossary of Places

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pp. 451-452

Glossary of Subjects and Terms

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pp. 453-462

Bibliographical Note on the Works Cited in This Volume

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pp. 463-464

Bibliography

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pp. 465-472

Index

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pp. 473-492


E-ISBN-13: 9781614879015
E-ISBN-10: 161487901X
Print-ISBN-13: 9780865978300

Page Count: 530
Publication Year: 2012

Edition: None
Series Title: The Collected Works of Frederic Bastiat

Research Areas

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Subject Headings

  • Economics.
  • Law.
  • Property.
  • France -- Politics and government -- 1830-1848.
  • France -- Politics and government -- 1848-1852.
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