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Scholasticism and Politics

Jacques Maritain

Publication Year: 2012

Published by: Liberty Fund

Title Page, Copyright

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pp. 2-5

CONTENTS

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pp. v-7

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FOREWORD

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pp. vii-viii

This book contains the text of nine lectures which were given in the United States during the autumn of 1938. However varied the topics dealt with may be, the general purpose, which makes the organic unity of the volume, is easily perceptible. It is entirely permeated with the...

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CHAPTER I. INTEGRAL HUMANISM AND THE CRISIS OF MODERN TIMES

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pp. 1-24

From the first point of view, that of the mere logic of ideas and doctrines, it is evident that there are many possible positions other than the 'pure' positions which I shall examine. One might ask theoretically and in the abstract, what value these various positions have. That is not what I am...

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CHAPTER II. SCIENCE AND PHILOSOPHY

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pp. 25-55

I shall use the two words 'science' and 'philosophy' in the sense which they have acquired in modern times, according to which science designates above all the mathematical, physico-mathematical and natural sciences, or, as one is also wont to say, the positive sciences, the sciences of the phenomena...

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CHAPTER III. THE HUMAN PERSON AND SOCIETY

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pp. 56-88

The subject treated in this chapter is, truly speaking, the fundamental subject of all social and political philosophy. But, at the same time, I must admit that it is an extremely difficult subject, and one which, in the beginning at least, is unavoidably arid....

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CHAPTER IV. DEMOCRACY AND AUTHORITY

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pp. 89-117

I know not whether the question to be examined in this chapter presents itself to American opinion in the same way as it does to French opinion. On one hand, the crisis of political ideas is, as is well known, extremely acute in Europe, where democracies have to face both their own...

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CHAPTER V. THE THOMIST IDEA OF FREEDOM

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pp. 118-143

I would like to note at the very beginning of this essay that the word freedom,--like all big words for which men are ready to die, and which are laden, not only with the riches of the object, but with the desires, the dreams and the supreme generosities of the subject,--the word freedom...

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CHAPTER VI. FREUDIANISM AND PSYCHOANALYSIS

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pp. 144-169

In one short chapter, it is not easy to treat problems as numerous and complex as those which Freudianism raises. The matter is rendered even more complicated by the fact that interest in Freud's discoveries and theories exists not only among psychologists and psychiatrists, but seems even...

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CHAPTER VII. ACTION AND CONTEMPLATION

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pp. 170-193

The debate between action and contemplation not only concerns each of us personally, but is also of vital importance to human culture and to the destiny of civilization. I hold it to be of special moment to this continent, as I shall try to suggest at the end of this chapter....

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CHAPTER VIII. CATHOLIC ACTION AND POLITICAL ACTION

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pp. 194-224

The Catholic conscience to-day is intensely preoccupied with problems concerning what we may call the 'structure of action', something which cannot be treated unless we make distinctions as unpleasant and as necessary, as the realities to which they refer are complex and fluid. The...

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CHAPTER IX. CHRISTIANITY AND EARTHLY CIVILIZATIONS

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pp. 225-248

The contact or meeting of the Church and earthly civilizations is the meeting of the Kingdom of God with the world. It is a question of two heterogeneous universes which enter into closest relations on one' common ground', namely, man....


E-ISBN-13: 9781614878865
E-ISBN-10: 1614878862
Print-ISBN-13: 9780865978287

Page Count: 248
Publication Year: 2012

Edition: None