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Liberty, Equality, Fraternity

James Fitzjames Stephen

Publication Year: 2012

Published by: Liberty Fund

Title Page, Copyright, Quotes

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pp. i-v

Table of Contents

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pp. vii

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pp. ix-xxiv

James Fitzjames Stephen's Liberty, Equality, Fraternity figured prominently in the mid- to late nineteenth century Victorian debates on two concepts at the heart of politics in the modern world-liberty and equality. Understanding himself to be a defender of an older English Liberalism that he thought to...

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Editor's Note

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pp. xxv-xxvi

The copy text for this edition of Liberty, Equality, Fraternity is the second edition of 1874, published by Smith, Elder, & Co. In a small number of cases, I compared the second edition to the first edition of 1873. I have made several changes in the text. I have moved Stephen's "Preface to...

Selected Bibliography

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pp. xxvii-xxviii

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Preface to the First Edition

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pp. xxix

My Dear Strachey, I dedicate this book to you for three reasons: First, as an expression of strong personal regard, and of deep gratitude for great kindness, all the more valuable because it resembled that which I received from everyone with whom I had any relations in India...

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One. The Doctrine of Liberty in General

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pp. 3-23

The object of this work is to examine the doctrines which are rather hinted at than expressed by the phrase 'Liberty, Equality, Fraternity.' This phrase has been the motto of more than one Republic. It is indeed something more than a motto. It is the creed of a religion, less definite than anyone of the forms of...

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Two. On the Liberty of Thought and Discussion

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pp. 24-69

Though, as I pointed out in my last chapter, Mr. Mill rather asserts than proves his doctrines about liberty, the second chapter of his essay on the Liberty of Thought and Discussion, and the third chapter on Individuality as one of the Elements of Well-being-may be regarded as arguments to prove...

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Three. On the Distinction Between the Temporal and Spiritual Power

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pp. 70-81

In the last chapter I more than once had to refer to the question of the distinction between the spiritual and the temporal power, or the spiritual and temporal order. It plays so large a part in discussions on this subject that it will be worthwhile to examine it with some degree of attention.1 I think it would not be unfair to state...

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Four. The Doctrine of Liberty in its Application to Morals,

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pp. 82-123

So far I have considered the theoretical grounds of Mr. Mill's principle and its practical application to liberty of thought and discussion. I now proceed to consider its application to morals. It may be well to restate it for fear that I may appear to be arguing with an imaginary opponent. 'The object of this...

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Five. Equality

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pp. 124-163

The second great article of the modern creed which I have undertaken to examine is Equality. It is at once the most emphatic and the least distinct of the three doctrines of which that creed is composed. It may mean that all men should be equally subject to the laws which relate to all. It may mean that law...

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Six. Fraternity

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pp. 164-203

I now come to examine the last of the three doctrines of the Democratic creed-Fraternity. That upon some terms and to some extent it is desirable that men should wish well to and should help each other is common ground to everyone. At the same time I cannot but think that many persons must...

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Seven. Conclusion

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pp. 204-214

Thrown into a positive form, the doctrine contended for in the foregoing chapters is this: 1. The whole management and direction of human life depends upon the question whether or not there is a God and a future state of human existence...

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Note on Utilitarianism

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pp. 215-228

{The following is the substance of two Articles which I published in the 'Pall Mall Gazette,' in June 1869, on the subject of 'Utilitarianism.' It was suggested by some criticisms on a work of Mr. Lecky's, which have lost their interest. I have accordingly omitted all reference to Mr. Lecky and his...

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Preface to the Second Edition

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pp. 229-252

As this work has been fortunate enough to be very generally criticised, I take the opportunity of a new edition to make some remarks on the most important of my critics, Mr. John Morley and Mr. Frederic Harrison. The unfortunate death of Mr. Mill makes it impossible to say whether he would have...


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pp. 253-266

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Comparative Table of Subjects in James Fitzjames Stephen's Liberty, Equality, Fraternity and John Stuart Mill's On Liberty

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pp. 267-270

We offer this table of subjects comparing Stephen's Liberty, Equality, Fraternity with Mill's On Liberty so readers can more easily examine the alternative understandings of liberty and other related moral and political matters found in these two works. Such an examination may also provide a vehicle...

Production Notes

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pp. 274

E-ISBN-13: 9781614878650
E-ISBN-10: 161487865X
Print-ISBN-13: 9780865971110

Page Count: 299
Publication Year: 2012

Edition: None

Research Areas


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Subject Headings

  • Liberty.
  • Equality.
  • Mill, John Stuart, 1806-1873.
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