Ralph Adams Cram
An Architect's Four Quests- Medieval, Modernists, American, Ecumenical
Publication Year: 1995
Published by: University of Massachusetts Press
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Preface and Acknowledgments
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How many, I wonder, would entirely agree with Cram today? Not many I think. On reflection, however, some of us might subscribe to more of his view than we realize. So long, that is, as we can suit Cram's belief to our own experience. Inspired as I've always been, for example, by architecture, my first loveâby form in space, reallyâand so too by (especially modern) sculptureâit is nonetheless music that ...
1. Knight's Move
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The courage and resourcefulness in the face of demands the mind must find hard, sometimes terrifying, that is required of the serious thinker, the intellectual, in his daily struggle with ideas, ideas which if they are any good, or he or she any good, will often challenge and scare, a struggle it is possible to loseâthat is my readingâas co-creatorâof Gerard Manley Hopkin's words; words my literary ...
2. The Medieval Quest
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Think Ralph Adams Cram as knight-errant. Then think againâwhich we will do time and time again here, for he was far from the one-dimensional romantic Goth and zealot posterity has famously cast him as. But his medieval quest was real enough, if more complex than is usually put forward; and because it was in many ways the foundation of all his work it is the first quest of four of Ralph Adams ...
3. A House Divided
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In that long Edwardian decade before World War I, during which we have followed Cram closely here through one stage after another of what seem to me the most formative aspects of his medieval quest, Bertram Goodhue had been about his own peregrination of heart and mindâand a very different one from Cram's.
4. The Modernist Quest
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In his history of the Gothic Revival, historian Michael J. Lewis dwells pertinently for us on those two New York landmarks by Ralph Adams Cram I also have focused on here, St. Thomas's Church, Fifth Avenue (in the last chapter) and the nave of St. John the Divine (in the next chapter). In Lewis's case, however, he does ...
5. Churches Built in Time of War
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Cram no more than anyone else foresaw World War I. But he saw it at once for the catastrophe it was, joining forces with such disparate notables as Morton Smith, a pioneer American psychologist, and H. Langford Warren, the founder and first dean (in 1914) of Harvard's School of Architecture, in a group called the ...
6. Merlin in Bloomsbury
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In 1922 Ralph Adams Cram stepped down as head of MIT's School of Architecture; at the start of his sixties he shook off most of the angst the war had engendered and plunged into the Roaring Twenties in every sense. Fresh from some of his best architectureâabove all Princeton and St. Thomas, Fifth Avenueâit is true that, being long-lived for those days, yet more triumphs would await him in his ...
7. Mediterranean Inspirations
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"Once upon a time," Gore Vidal once wrote, "the highest American distinction that could befall fifty-two men and women in a given year was to have one's face on the cover of Time magazine." On 13 December 1926, this fate befell Ralph Adams Cram, who as Vidal observed thereby became "a permanent, for good or ill, member of the world's grandest vanity fair."1 Assuredly, Cram's time had come, ...
8. Design Process
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The usual attitude of a client approaching Ralph Adams Cram and his characteristic response cannot be better illustrated than by reproducing the salient parts of the opening exchange between Cram and the Reverend A. W. Palmer, pastor of the Central Congregational Church in Honolulu, who had sought an introduction from mutual friends in 1920 and followed up with this letter of 5 October about ...
9. The American Quest
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Franklin D. Roosevelt did not call Ralph Adams Cram "a towering figure" in America's cultural life, nor the Baltimore Sun insist that Cram's "genius was beyond the reach of ordinary powers of analysis," nor, certainly, did Time magazine put him on the front cover primarily because of his architecture. The United States was not then any more than it is now that interested in architecture or in ...
10. The Ecumenical Quest
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Though a soloistâwho truly did dance, ideologically, with F.D.R.âRalph Adams Cram was still just in the national chorus, so to speak, as a social and political thinker. As a religious leader, however, his was a unique and remarkably ecumenical influence, comparable in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries in the United States only perhaps to that of Phillips Brooks, Episcopal bishop of ...
11. Moderne Denouement
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Between the American quest and the ecumenical quest, both of which reached their climax in the last decade of Cram's life and workâeach in some sense a revisiting if not a revisal of the medieval and the modernist quests that peaked earlier in his lifeâthere was, early and late, all the time, the architectural quest, which for Cram in the 19305 was a Moderne denouement. And in this respect as in the others, Cram's last chapter was in many ways best of all.
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Checklist of Ralph Adams Cram's Job Books
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Page Count: 352
Publication Year: 1995