The Battle of Lake Erie and Its Aftermath
Publication Year: 2013
This splendid collection celebrates the bicentennial of the American victory with a review of the battle and its consequences. The volume is divided into three sections. The first deals with “Military Operations” in the upper Great Lakes, 1812–14, and provides an overview of the War of 1812 in the Old Northwest and western Upper Canada. The second, “Consequences,” assesses the long-term impact of this campaign upon the Native Americans and Euro-Americans who lived in the region and three individuals whose lives were changed by the American recovery of the upper lakes in 1813. The final section, “Memory,” examines two ways the United States keeps the legacy of its first squadron-to-squadron victory alive by maintaining the fragile battle flag that flew on Perry’s flagships and by sailing the replica of US Brig Niagara on the Great Lakes and the East Coast.
Collectively these essays allow the general reader, the military history enthusiast, and the professional historian to take a fresh look at this significant naval engagement and its impact on subsequent historical events.
Published by: The Kent State University Press
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The Battle of Lake Erie and its aftermath : a reassessment / David Curtis Skaggs, editor.1. Lake Erie, Battle of, 1813. 2. Lake Erie, Battle of, 1813âInf_luence. ...
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...âIt Is Better to Make a Signal Than to Curse Oneâs Subordinatesâ: âThe Disagreeablest Night I Ever Sawâ: John Tipton, Tippecanoe, The Aftermath of Victory: The Settlement of Fort Wayne, Indiana, Not Pretty, but Beautiful: Oliver Hazard Perryâs Battle Flag 219 Observations on the Sailing Characteristics of the U.S. Brig Niagara 236 ...
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Few naval battles in American history have left a more enduring im-press on our national consciousness than the Battle of Lake Erie, 10 September 1813. Master Commandant Oliver Hazard Perryâs battle f_lag em-blazoned with the message âDonât Give Up the Ship,â now enshrined at the U.S. Naval Academy, has become a naval maxim. His succinct after-action reportââWe have met the enemy and they are oursââconstitutes one of the ...
Part IMilitary Operations
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The Maumee River Campaign, 1812–1813
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During the opening months of the War of 1812, the most important factor shaping the strategic environment within the Detroit theater was British naval control of Lake Erie. Control of Lake Erie permitted the British to move men and supplies easily from the Niagara theater to Detroit, Michilimackinac, and, indeed, throughout most of Upper Canada at will. Further, British control necessarily denied access and use of the lake to the ...
Gaining Naval Dominance on Lake Erie
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In the summer of 1812 the surrender of Detroit and the defeat of American forces on the Niagara frontier forced Washington to realize that naval control of Lakes Ontario and Erie were essential components to victory in the Old Northwest and Upper Canada (modern Ontario). The navy sent Com-modore Isaac Chauncey to Lake Ontario with instructions to build the ves-sels necessary to gain control there and on Lake Erie. Soon Chauncey began ...
“It Is Better to Make a Signal Than toCurse One’s Subordinates”
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At its bicentennial, the Battle of Lake Erie remains one of the most famous military engagements in American history. Oliver Hazard Perryâs message announcing his victoryââWe have met the enemy, and they are oursââhas become an unforgettable passage, and the commodore, so often pictured being rowed, upright and fully exposed, from the battered Lawrence to the Niagara, is a recognized hero of a nearly forgotten war.one.superior...
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On 10 September the sound of guns echoed across Lake Erie, the rumble heard from Detroit to Cleveland. But the outcome of the long-expected naval engagement was unknown to those on shore. The next day General William Henry Harrison ordered his troops garrisoned at Camp Seneca (modern Old Fort, Ohio) to march to Lower Sandusky, even though no one knew the result of the naval engagement. But before the arriving troops ...
“No One Acquired Any MilitaryGlory in This Affair”
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Humphrey H. Leavitt was cold, wet, sick, and dispirited as he sailed down Lake Huron aboard the U.S. schooner Caledonia in the second week of August 1814. The moaning of injured soldiers and the stench of their wounds had driven the eighteen-year-old aide-de-camp from shelter below deck to sleep in the open air. There âthe chilling atmosphere, and drenching fogs of August nightsâ caused him to awaken each morning ...
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On 10 September 1813, Commodore Oliver Hazard Perry guided a small American naval squadron to victory over an even smaller British squadron near the Bass Islands at the western end of Lake Erie. It was a signif_icant victory for the Americans during the War of 1812, one that was particularly important for its impact on the frontier. During the spring and summer of 1813, the British and their Indian allies, led by the indomitable ...
“The Disagreeablest Night I Ever Saw”
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For twenty-f_ive-year-old ensign John Tipton and the rest of Indiana Ter-ritoryâs Harrison County volunteer mounted rif_lemen, the campaign had already been especially grueling and tedious by the time they came within a mile of their Prophetstown target on 6 November 1811. His militia company, the Yellow Jackets, captained by Spier Spencer (his friend as well as the countyâs sherif_f), had commenced the northerly march from southern Indiana on 12 ...
The Late War
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...black haw.sck ampersand.sc the legacies of violence in the great lakes region 143The Battle of Lake Erie, in which the American f_leet led by Master Com man dant Oliver Perry defeated the British naval force under the command of Captain Robert Barclay, lasted only a couple of hours on 10 September 1813. Yet it turned the tide of American fortunes in the western Great Lakes. American domination of the lake waters meant control over the ...
The Aftermath of Victory
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...the settlem.scent of fort w.scayne and the surrounding region 157In 1805, just ten years after the Treaty of Greenville had established a fra gile peace with the Great Lakes Indian nations, the small number of settlers who lived in the shadow of Fort Wayne turned their attention toward issues that would encourage population growth in the surrounding region. They believed that the conditions were perfect for settlement in the Great Lakes ...
“A Gallant and Valuable Officer”
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On 13 September 1813, three days after securing a bloody, hard-fought victory over the British f_leet on Lake Erie, Oliver Hazard Perry sat down to compose a detailed after-action report to Secretary of the Navy William Jones. In this report, meant for public as well as of_f_icial consump-tion, Perry vividly described how the two opposing squadrons had fought for supremacy in the waters of_f Put-in-Bay.one.superior Before concluding his letter, ...
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Not Pretty, but Beautiful
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In a central area of the newly renovated Naval Academy Museum is dis- played a f_lag familiar to Americans, especially those interested in the naval aspects of the War of 1812. It bears the dying words, or reasonable facsimile thereof, of Captain James Lawrence, who was mortally wounded on board his ship the U.S. frigate Chesapeake while engaged with the British frigate Shan-non. While the f_lag may be familiarâwe know the size, shape, wording, and ...
Observations on the Sailing Characteristicsof the U.S. Brig Niagara
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In the constant search for a more accurate understanding of history, I intend this essay to better acquaint the reader with the shipboard envi-ronment, particularly the performance capabilities of the sailing warships of the Lake Erie squadrons, and how these factors af_fected the commandersâ choices. My observations are based on experience sailing in command of the present-day reconstruction of the U.S. Brig Niagara, which has conducted ...
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Page Count: 244
Publication Year: 2013