Greek-American Relations from Monroe to Truman
Publication Year: 2013
U.S. interest in Greece and its people has been long-standing, albeit primarily on an informal or unofficial level. Author Angelo Repousis explores a variety of resonant themes in the field of U.S. foreign relations, including the role of nongovernment individuals and groups in influencing foreign policymaking, the way cultural influences transfer across societies (in this particular case the role of philhellenism), and how public opinion shapes policy—or not.
Repousis chronicles American public attitudes and government policies toward modern Greece from its war for independence (1821–1829) to the Truman Doctrine (1947) when Washington intervened to keep Greece from coming under communist domination. Until then, although the U.S. government was not actively in support of Greek efforts, American philhellenes had supported the attempt to achieve and protect Greek independence. They saw modern Greece as the embodiment of the virtues of its classical counterpart (human dignity, freedom of thought, knowledge, love of beauty and the arts, republicanism, etc.) and worked diligently, albeit not always successfully, to push U.S. policymakers toward greater official interest in and concern for Greece.
Pre–Cold War American intervention in Greek affairs was motivated in part by a perceived association among American and Greek political cultures. Indebted to ancient Greece for their democratic institutions, philhellenes believed they had an obligation to impart the blessings of free and liberal institutions to Greece, a land where those ideals had first been conceived.
Published by: The Kent State University Press
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Most studies of U.S. relations with Greece focus on the Cold War ...
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There are a number of individuals who have helped in the preparation of this Much of the research was conducted at the National Archives, Library of Con-gress, Temple University, Harvard University, University of Pennsylvania, Massa-chusetts Historical Society, the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, the American Presbyterian Historical Society, the Balch Institute for Ethnic Studies, and the ...
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The benef_its which the Greeks derived from the noble and benevolent ex-ertions of the great American Nation of the United States are innumerable. Americans endowed by nature with a warm heart, and inspired by the noble history of Hellas . . . hailed with delight the glorious resurrection of Greece in 1821. Since that time Greece has discovered in the United States a great Patron, ...
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The conditions and prospects of modern Greece have been a common subject of interest and conversation since the appearance of the f_irst cantos of Childe Harold. The splendid success of that poem produced a very general ef_fect on the public mind and from that period the number of travellers to Greece has much more increased and the situation of that country been much more the ...
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Possessing ourselves the combined blessing of liberty and order, we wish the same to other countries, and to none more than yours [Greece], which, the f_irst of civilized nations, presented examples of what man should be.It is for you, citizens of America, to crown this glory, in aiding us to purge Greece from the barbarians, who for four hundred years have polluted the soil. It is ...
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I go to assist in the political redemption of Greece; to endeavour to infuse into her councils the wise, moderate and progressive nature of our own happy insti-tutions;âand to guard her from anarchy on one hand, and from the subtle and corrupting inf_luences of neighboring aristocracies on the other. It is my deter-mination never to leave the soil of Greece until her liberties are achieved;âor, ...
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It is true, that the principal obstacle to the regeneration of Greece was the do-minion of the Turks over the country, and that this has been removed by the revolution; but everything remains to be done in the great work; and it is to be done too by means of education. If we would restore Greece to her ancient glory; if we would give her commercial importance; if we would erect on the ...
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...âWhy abandon the well-governed homeland of Washington and Franklin for âWe Americans are all philhellenes, and I was sent to proclaim the word of Truth and contribute to the spread of education in the land of renowned men, whom we admire and wish to emulate as beacons of political wisdom and virtue.ââBut how do you expect to teach us when you are not knowledgeable in Greek?â...
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In the ancient legend this man-bull devoured annually seven youths and maid-ens, till Theseus, the king of Athens, slew the monster and freed his state. Today a worse than Minotaur is devouring its own peopleânot by annual sevens, but by daily hundreds and thousands. Let America no less than Athens, brought far nearer to her shores by the telegraphic wire now than was that city thenâbrought ...
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I suppose that ancient Greece and modern Greece compared, furnish the most extravagant contrast to be found in history. George I, an infant of eighteen, and a scraggy nest of foreign of_f_ice-holders, sit in the palaces of Themistocles, Pericles, and the illustrious scholars and generals of the Golden Age of Greece. The f_leets that were the wonder of the world when the Parthenon was new, are a beggarly ...
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With the glory of ancient Greece and Byronâs romantic championship of the modern Greek in mind, one is shocked when he meets for the f_irst time a rep-resentative of that people in the thrif_ty, good natured, and polite keeper of a fruit-stand or âshoe-shine parlor.â . . . The average American expecting every Greek to have the beauty of an Apollo and the ability of a Pericles, and reading ...
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Of course all of us were brought up to believe that the Greeks or modern Greeks are simply the representatives of all the ancient Greeks meant to the world. This is so far wrong that probably everyone out here will agree that the Greek is about the worst race in the Near East. . . . I am holding no brief for any race in the Near East because I believe that the Turk, the Greek, the Armenian, ...
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I wish the American people as a whole would understand with what challeng-ing and implicit faith Greeks in every corner of the land look to America as the land of democracy and liberty which will not tolerate a world made hideous by âHomer W. Davis, address delivered before the Convention of the Order The Greek nation is one of the oldest in the world. The very principles of de-...
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...1. National Herald, October 14â1five.oldstyle, 2000, and July seven.oldstyleâ8, 2001.2. National Herald, Sunday Supplement, March 31âApril 1, 2001.3. James A. Field, From Gibraltar to the Middle East: America and the Mediterranean World, 1776â1882 (Chicago: Imprint, 1nine.oldstylenine.oldstyle1), 18.4. George Kennan, American Diplomacy, 1900â1950 (Chicago: University of Chicago ...
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Memorial of the Citizens of New York on Behalf of the Greeks. 18th Cong., 1st sess., 1823. Message of the President of the United States Transmitting a Report of the Secretary of State upon the Subject of the Present Condition and Future Prospects of the Greeks. 18th Cong., Resolution of the Legislature of South Carolina Respecting the Greeks. 18th Cong., 1st sess., Memorial of the Inhabitants of Boston on the Subject of the Greeks. 18th Cong., 1st sess., 1824. ...
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Adams, John Quincy, 3, 30, 33, 34, 3five.oldstyleâ36, 40, 43, Missions, seven.oldstyle3âseven.oldstyle4, seven.oldstyle8, 86â8seven.oldstyle, nine.oldstyle0, 130, 131, 1five.oldstyle2. American Friends of Greece, 1five.oldstyle8âfive.oldstylenine.oldstyle, 16five.oldstyle, 16seven.oldstyle, 1seven.oldstyle4âseven.oldstylefive.oldstyle, 1seven.oldstylenine.oldstyleAmerican Red Cross (ARC), 8, 146, 1five.oldstyle0, 1five.oldstyle2âfive.oldstyle6, ...
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Page Count: 288
Publication Year: 2013
Series Title: New Studies in U.S. Foreign Relations
Series Editor Byline: Mary Ann Heiss