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NATO after 60 Years

A Stable Crisis

Edited by James Sperling

Publication Year: 2012

Experts analyze NATO’s successesNATO after Sixty Years addresses the challenges of adaptation confronting the North Atlantic Treaty Organization in the early twenty-first century. Comprised of essays from a range of experts, each chapter examines an aspect of NATO’s difficult adjustment to the post–Cold War security challenges within and without its treaty-based responsibilities and competencies.

In the book’s introductory chapter, James Sperling establishes the framework and analytical themes to be developed and explored. The first set of essays discusses the changing operational and strategic purposes of the alliance. Sean Kay examines the problem of sustaining the deterrent capability and collective defense function of the alliance, particularly the debate over ballistic missile defense. Mark Webber considers the expanded role of NATO peacekeeping operations in the Balkans and its implications for NATO as a military alliance, while Stanley Kober discusses the negative impact of Afghanistan on alliance solidarity and credibility.

The second section examines the expanded geographical reach and responsibility of the alliance. Melvin Goodman traces the engagement of the alliance with the Russian Federation, and Yannis A. Stivachtis explores NATO’s role in the southern and eastern Mediterranean. Stephen J. Blank covers allied interests in the Black Sea region and the potential liabilities and benefits of an active NATO engagement in that region. Nathan Lucas delivers a skeptical analysis of NATO’s ability and need to claim the Persian Gulf and Indian Ocean as strategic areas of operational responsibility.

The final chapters position NATO in the institutional context that will shape its evolution as a security actor in the new geostrategic environment. Lawrence Kaplan establishes the potential role of NATO as an agent for the United Nations. Dennis Sandole focuses on the complementary relationship between the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe and NATO. Stanley Sloan investigates NATO’s fraught institutional relationship with the European Union, particularly the emergence of the latter as an increasingly effective security actor. Finally, Jamie Shea reflects on the difficulty of crafting a new strategic concept that would ensure NATO’s continuing viability and credibility as the primary security institution for the nations of the North Atlantic area.

This volume offers the basis for guarded optimism that NATO will persist and continue to perform its twin functions of collective defense and deterrence into the foreseeable future, despite the periodic crises that temporarily cast its future into doubt. An in-depth exploration of research and emerging ideas, NATO after Sixty Years is essential reading for those interested in NATO’s past and present as well as looking to its future.

Published by: The Kent State University Press

Title Page, Copyright

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pp. 2-7

Contents

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pp. 8-9

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Preface and Acknowledgments

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pp. ix-x

This volume has drawn on the papers presented at the conference, “NATO after Sixty Years,” organized by Kent State University’s Lemnitzer Center for NATO and European Union Studies on April 30 to May 1, 2009. It is the fourth in a series of ...

Abbreviations

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pp. xi-xix

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Introduction: A Stable Crisis? NATO into the Twenty-First Century

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pp. 16-28

Three crises presently confront the alliance and its member states. The most persistent crisis stems from the end of the Cold War generally, the dissolution of the Soviet Union, and the enfeeblement of the Russian Federation; namely, what purpose ...

1 Collective Defense, Nuclear Deterrence,and Operations

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Collective Defense and the New Nuclear Deterrence

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pp. 31-55

The level of commitment to collective defense in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) has always been infused with political ambiguity and questions about the effectiveness of decision making and military credibility, both during ...

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NATO’s Post–Cold War Operations in Europe

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pp. 56-80

As NATO entered its seventh decade it appeared a very different body from that which existed twenty or even ten years previously. The sixtieth anniversary summit declaration with its references to Afghanistan as the “key priority” of the alliance, to a ...

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Out of Business?: NATO in Afghanistan

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pp. 81-95

When the Cold War ended, NATO faced an existential question. What is the purpose of an alliance that no longer has an enemy? The emergence of a conflict on NATO’s European periphery provided an opportunity for renewal. The disintegration of ...

2 NATO’s Global Reach

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The Twilight of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization: The Russian Problem

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pp. 99-118

The decisions of three successive U.S. presidents to expand the membership of NATO with former members of the Warsaw Pact and former republics of the Soviet Union have created problems for NATO decision making that threaten NATO ...

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NATO and the Southern and Eastern Mediterranean

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pp. 119-142

This critical examination of NATO’s policy in the southern and eastern Mediterranean is divided into four sections. The first examines the post–Cold War security environment to which NATO has had to respond. The second section discusses the ...

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The Black Sea Region

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pp. 143-171

The Black Sea has been part of NATO’s remit since its inception.1 But as this region became the new frontier of European security both the European Union (EU) and NATO failed to focus their attention and resources on overcoming its ...

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NATO’s Global Reach: The Persian Gulf and the Indian Ocean

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pp. 172-184

At first blush, the idea of a chapter on NATO operations in the Indian Ocean and in the Persian Gulf regions seems a conceptual stretch. There is certainly no serious discussion about a major NATO operational presence in the region, and, ...

3 NATO and Institutional Overlap:The UN, OSCE, and EU

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NATO and a Revitalized United Nations?

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pp. 187-207

NATO and the United Nations (UN) have had a contentious relationship since the framing of the North Atlantic Treaty in 1949. There was an inevitable rivalry based on the initial reason for the creation of NATO: namely, that Soviet obstructionism in the ...

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The OSCE: Surviving NATO and the End of the Cold War

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pp. 208-236

The Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) is the most comprehensive regional security organization in the world and one of the major components of the European peace and security architecture. Fifty-six states ...

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The European Union: Pillar or Pole of Power in a Multiplayer World?

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pp. 237-263

As the members of NATO celebrated the alliance’s sixtieth anniversary, the return of France to NATO’s integrated command structure closed one chapter and opened another in the history of transatlantic relations. The chapter that closed is one that ...

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Conclusion: What Does NATO’s New Strategic Concept Say about the Future of the Alliance?

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pp. 264-276

Every organization or business knows that it has to operate at two levels simultaneously. Daily operations have to be managed as best as possible or the organization will be seen as irrelevant. But the organization also has to predict its future roles in the ...

Contributors

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p. 277-277

Index

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pp. 278-281


E-ISBN-13: 9781612776514
E-ISBN-10: 1612776515
Print-ISBN-13: 9781606351352

Publication Year: 2012

Research Areas

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Subject Headings

  • North Atlantic Treaty Organization -- History -- 21st century.
  • North Atlantic Treaty Organization -- History -- 20th century.
  • World politics -- 1989-.
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