Governance and Grievance
Habsburg Policy and Italian Tyrol in the Eighteenth Century
Publication Year: 1988
Published by: Purdue University Press
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So many people in so many places contributed their time, knowledge, and efforts to the successful conclusion of this study that to mention them all would require another essay. But some are owed special thanks. In Rovereto to Dr. Ferruccio Trentini, President of the Academy of the Agiati; to the entire staff of the Biblioteca Civica Girolamo Tartarotti, especially to its late director, Dr. Pio Chiusole...
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Government policies often pit central against regional interests and some regional interests against one another. This was especially true in the Habsburg Monarchy of the eighteenth century as enlightened absolutists sought to centralize and modernize their realm...
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ONE. The Heart and Shield of the Habsburg Realm: Tyrol in the Eighteenth Century
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Emperor Maximilian I (1493-1519), who made Innsbruck his capital, referred to the Princely County of Tyrol as the heart and shield of his empire. Tyrol, described by a modern,day Austrian as the Texas of Austria because of the people's intense regional feeling and identity, had been an independent state for several centuries, either with its own...
TWO. Priests, Poets, and Academicians: Enlightenment and Italianita in Italian Tyrol
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The Enlightenment in central Europe had some elements that differentiated it from that in western Europe. By the middle of the eighteenth century there was a growing sensitivity to foreign cultural domination-be it French or that of a politically dominant culture, such as German in Tyrol's Italian areas...
THREE. The Grievances
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By 1790, when the long-awaited Diet was finally convoked, the Italians of the Confines had accumulated many grievances, some of their own and some shared with the rest of Tyrol...
FOUR. A New Ruler and Renewed Hopes: Leopold II and the Convocation of the 1790 Diet in Tyrol
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The 'Italians in Tyrol would prove helpful to Leopold II and he to them, but Tyrol was just one item on the list of domestic problems he had to deal with when he inherited the throne in Vienna. The mood throughout his new lands in 1790 was menacing, ranging from open grumbling to outright rebellion. The general European situation did not afford him much comfort either...
FIVE. The Innsbruck Assembly: Gernwn ryrol versus the 1790 Italian Movement
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Tyrol's open Diet was not, nor was it intended to be, a legislative body. It could petition for a redress of griev, ances and could accept, bargain over, or reject the ruler's postulates, but it had no legislative initiative and could not enact laws...
SIX. Politicking and Maneuvering in Vienna: The Court, the Bureaucracy, and the Deputies
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Venna, the emperor, and his bureaucracy now became the focus of attention as the deputies, officials, and other interested individuals converged on the capital. The week after Tyrol's Diet adjourned, the princely county appeared on the imperial agenda with the arrival of two reports from Enzenberg. In the first, written shortly before the final session...
SEVEN. The Outcome: Two Emperors and Their Policies
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The Estate deputies returned to Tyrol with many, though not all, of their problems resolved. But the Confinants still awaited seat and vote in the provincial assemblies; their wine dispute with the Etschlanders was yet to be resolved; more needed to be done on their language grievances; and the decree was still to be issued...
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Upon their accession Maria Theresa, her sons, and her grandson each faced different situations and brought with them varying philosophical views toward the task of governing. Their attitudes toward centralization and the competing demands made by the Estates, their attitudes toward the nationalities and national minorities...
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Page Count: 272
Publication Year: 1988
Series Title: Central European Studies
Series Editor Byline: Charles W. Ingrao, Gary B. Cohen, Franz Szabo